Instruments of the Modern Symphony Orchestra

INSTRUMENTS

OF THE

MODERN SYMPHONY

ORCHESTRA


A PICTORIAL AND
EXPLANATORY
GUIDE FOR
MUSIC LOVERS


BY

ARTHUR EDWARD JOHNSTONE

Carl Fischer Wordmark.png
380–382
Boylston Street
BOSTON
CARL FISCHER INC.
COOPER/SQUARE NEW YORK
430–432
So. Wabash Ave.
CHICAGO
Copyright 1917
By
CARL FISCHER, INC., NEW YORK



International Copyright Secured

CASTANETS


ItalianGermanFrench
CastagnetteKastagnettenCastagnettes


A pair of castanets consists of two shell-like pieces of hardwood hinged together by a cord. The pair played by the left hand is usually the larger and is used to mark the main time. The smaller right hand pair executes embellishments on the main rhythm, some of which are extremely complicated in character. The castanet is of Spanish origin, and is used in the orchestra to impart local color in compositions of a Spanish character. It produces a characteristic, dry click, without definite pitch.



TAMBOURINE


ItalianGermanFrench
TamburinoBaskische TrommelTambour de Basque
 Schellen Trommel 
 Tambourin 


This little instrument is said to have been in use practically unchanged for the past two thousand years. It consists of a small wooden hoop, on one side of which is stretched a parchment head, the other side being open. The hoop is cut away at intervals to allow the insertion of small pairs of metal plates called jingles. The head, when struck by the hand, gives forth a treble drum-like sound without definite pitch. The jingles may be trilled by shaking the instrument without striking the head. The use of the tambourine in the orchestra is confined mainly to the production of oriental effects, though the jingles alone are sometimes employed in connection with other percussion instruments in music of a violent or barbaric nature.



This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.


The author died in 1944, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 
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