Township boundary marker at Mungrisdale, Cumbria. The marker has been restored for historical purposes.
In England, the term township is no longer in official use, but the term still has some meaning.
In England, "township" referred to a subdivision used to administer a large parish. This use became obsolete at the end of the 19th century, when local government reform converted many townships that had been subdivisions of ancient parishes into the newer civil parishes in their own right. This formally separated the connection between the ecclesiastical functions of ancient parishes and the civil administrative functions that had been started in the 16th century. Recently, some councils, normally in the north of England, have revived the term.
In Scotland, the term is still used for some rural settlements. In parts of the Highlands and Islands, a township is a crofting settlement. In the Highlands generally the term may describe a very small .
For townships in Wales, which were created by an Act of Parliament in 1539 see: Townships in Montgomeryshire.