Thirteen Colonies | notes

Notes

  1. ^ a b U.S. Bureau of the Census, A century of population growth from the first census of the United States to the twelfth, 1790–1900 (1909) p. 9.
  2. ^ Richard Middleton and Anne Lombard, Colonial America: A History to 1763 (4th ed. 2011),
  3. ^ Richter, pp. 152–53
  4. ^ The number 13 is mentioned as early as 1720 by p. 376: "so in this Country we have Thirteen Colonies at least severally govern'd by their repective Commanders in Chief, according to their peculiar Laws and Constitutions." This includes Carolina as a single colony, and does not include Georgia, but instead counts Nova Scotia and Newfoundland as British colonies. Early use of the term "thirteen colonies" in this context dates to the American Revolution, for example p. 136: "during the last war, no part of his majesty's dominions contained a greater proportion of faithful subjects than the Thirteen Colonies."
  5. ^ a b Alan Taylor, American Colonies,, 2001.
  6. ^ Ronald L. Heinemann, Old Dominion, New Commonwealth: A History of Virginia, 1607–2007, 2008.
  7. ^ Sparks, Jared (1846). The Library of American Biography: George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown. pp. 16–. 
  8. ^ Robert M. Weir, Colonial South Carolina: A History (1983).
  9. ^ Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War Paperback (2007).
  10. ^ Francis J. Bremer, The Puritan Experiment: New England Society from Bradford to Edwards (1995).
  11. ^ Benjamin Woods Labaree, Colonial Massachusetts: a history (1979)
  12. ^ Michael G. Hall, Lawrence H. Leder, Michael Kammen, eds. (1 December 2012). The Glorious Revolution in America: Documents on the Colonial Crisis of 1689. UNC Press Books. pp. 3–4, 39. ISBN  978-0-8078-3866-2. 
  13. ^ Guy Howard Miller, "Rebellion in Zion: The Overthrow of the Dominion of New England." Historian 30#3 (1968): 439–59. online
  14. ^ Richter, pp. 138–40
  15. ^ Richter, pp. 159– 60
  16. ^ Richter pp. 212–13
  17. ^ Richter pp. 214–15
  18. ^ Richter pp. 215–17
  19. ^ Richter, p. 150
  20. ^ Richter p. 213
  21. ^ Richter, p. 262
  22. ^ Richter pp. 247–48
  23. ^ Richter, pp. 248–49
  24. ^ Richter, p. 249
  25. ^ Richter p. 261
  26. ^ Michael G. Kammen, Colonial New York: A History (1974).
  27. ^ John E. Pomfret, Colonial New Jersey: A History (1973).
  28. ^ Joseph E. Illick, Colonial Pennsylvania: a history (1976).
  29. ^ Russell F. Weigley, ed., Philadelphia: a 300 year history (1982). excerpt
  30. ^ Richter, pp. 319–22
  31. ^ Richter, pp. 323–24
  32. ^ Colonial charters, grants and related documents
  33. ^ Richter, pp. 358–59
  34. ^ Taylor (2016), p. 20
  35. ^ Taylor (2016), p. 23
  36. ^ Taylor (2016), p. 25
  37. ^ Richter, pp. 373–74
  38. ^ Richter, pp. 376–77
  39. ^ Richter, pp. 329–30
  40. ^ Richter, pp. 332–36
  41. ^ Richter, pp. 330–31
  42. ^ Richter, pp. 346–47
  43. ^ Richter, pp. 351-52
  44. ^ Richter, pp. 353–54
  45. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 18–19
  46. ^ Richter, p. 360
  47. ^ Richter, p. 361
  48. ^ Richter, p. 362
  49. ^ Middlekauff, pp. 46–49
  50. ^ Richter, p. 345
  51. ^ Richter, pp. 379–80
  52. ^ Richter, pp. 380–81
  53. ^ Richter, pp. 383–85
  54. ^ a b c Fred Anderson, The War That Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War (2006)
  55. ^ Richter, pp. 390–91
  56. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 51-53
  57. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 94–96, 107
  58. ^ Colin G. Calloway, The Scratch of a Pen: 1763 and the Transformation of North America (2006), pp. 92–98
  59. ^ W. J. Rorabaugh, Donald T. Critchlow, Paula C. Baker (2004). "America's promise: a concise history of the United States". Rowman & Littlefield. p. 92. ISBN  0-7425-1189-8
  60. ^ Woody Holton, "The Ohio Indians and the coming of the American revolution in Virginia", Journal of Southern History, (1994) 60#3 pp. 453–78
  61. ^ J. R. Pole, Political Representation in England and the Origins of the American Republic (London; Melbourne: Macmillan, 1966), 31, https://www.questia.com/read/89805613.
  62. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 112–14
  63. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 137–21
  64. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 123–27
  65. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 137–38
  66. ^ T.H. Breen, American Insurgents, American Patriots: The Revolution of the People (2010) pp. 81–82
  67. ^ Taylor (2016), pp. 132–33
  68. ^ Robert Middlekauff, The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789 (Oxford History of the United States) (2007)
  69. ^ Note: the population figures are estimates by historians; they do not include the Indian tribes outside the jurisdiction of the colonies. They do include Indians living under colonial control, as well as slaves and indentured servants. U.S. Bureau of the Census, A century of population growth from the first census of the United States to the twelfth, 1790–1900 (1909) p. 9
  70. ^ Edwin J. Perkins (1988). The Economy of Colonial America. Columbia UP. p. 7. 
  71. ^ Smith, Daniel Scott (1972). "The Demographic History of Colonial New England". The Journal of Economic History. 32 (1): 165–83. 10.1017/S0022050700075458. 2117183. 11632252. 
  72. ^ Betty Wood, Slavery in Colonial America, 1619–1776 (2013) excerpt and text search
  73. ^ Paul Finkelman (2006). Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895. Oxford UP. pp. 2:156. 
  74. ^ Source: Miller and Smith, eds. Dictionary of American Slavery (1988) p . 678
  75. ^ Stephen Foster, The Long Argument: English Puritanism and the Shaping of New England Culture, 1570–1700; (1996).
  76. ^ Patricia U. Bonomi, Under the cope of heaven: Religion, society, and politics in Colonial America (2003).
  77. ^ Sister M. Rita, "Catholicism in colonial Maryland," Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia 51#1 (1940) pp. 65–83 Online
  78. ^ Bryan F. Le Beau, Jonathan Dickinson and the Formative Years of American Presbyterianism (2015).
  79. ^ Gary B. Nash, Quakers and Politics: Pennsylvania, 1681–1726 (1993).
  80. ^ Thomas S. Kidd, and Barry Hankins, Baptists in America: A History (2015) ch 1.
  81. ^ Laura M. Stevens, The poor Indians: British missionaries, Native Americans, and colonial sensibility (2010).
  82. ^ Wayne J. Urban and Jennings L. Wagoner Jr., American Education: A History (5th ed. 2013) pp 11–54.
  83. ^ John Andrew Doyle, English Colonies in America: Volume IV The Middle Colonies (1907) online
  84. ^ Louise Phelps Kellogg, The American colonial charter (1904) online
  85. ^ Max Savelle, "The Imperial School of American Colonial Historians". Indiana Magazine of History (1949): 123–34 in JSTOR also online
  86. ^ a b Robert J. Dinkin, Voting in Provincial America: A Study of Elections in the Thirteen Colonies, 1689–1776 (1977)
  87. ^ Thomas Cooper and David James McCord, eds. The Statutes at Large of South Carolina: Acts, 1685–1716 (1837) p. 688
  88. ^ Alexander Keyssar, The Right to Vote (2000) pp. 5–8
  89. ^ Daniel Vickers, A Companion to Colonial America (2006) p. 300
  90. ^ Greene and Pole, eds. (2004), p. 665
  91. ^ Max Savelle, Seeds of Liberty: The Genesis of the American Mind (2005) pp. 204–11
  92. ^ George Otto Trevelyan, The American revolution: Volume 1 (1899) p. 128 online
  93. ^ William R. Nester, The Great Frontier War: Britain, France, and the Imperial Struggle for North America, 1607–1755 (Praeger, 2000) p, 54.
  94. ^ Stephens, Unreasonable Searches and Seizures (2006) p. 306
  95. ^ Jack P. Greene and J. R. Pole, eds. '"A Companion to the American Revolution (2004) ch. 63
  96. ^ Lawrence Gipson, The British Empire Before the American Revolution (15 volumes, 1936–1970), highly detailed discussion of every British colony in the New World in the 1750s and 1760s
  97. ^ Lawrence Gipson, The British Empire Before the American Revolution (15 volumes, 1936–1970)
  98. ^ Meinig pp. 313–14; Greene and Pole (2004) ch. 61
  99. ^ Meinig pp 314–15; Greene and Pole (2004) ch 61
  100. ^ Andrew Jackson O'Shaughnessy, An Empire Divided: The American Revolution and the British Caribbean (2000) ch 6
  101. ^ Meinig pp. 315–16; Greene and Pole (2004) ch. 63
  102. ^ Meinig p 316
  103. ^ P. J. Marshall, ed. The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century (2001)
  104. ^ Robert L. Middlekauff, "The American Continental Colonies in the Empire", in Robin Winks, ed., The Historiography of the British Empire-Commonwealth: Trends, Interpretations and Resources (1966) pp. 23–45.
  105. ^ William G. Shade, "Lawrence Henry Gipson's Empire: The Critics". Pennsylvania History (1969): 49–69 online.
  106. ^ Brendan Simms, Three victories and a defeat: the rise and fall of the first British Empire 2008
  107. ^ Ashley Jackson (2013). The British Empire: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford UP. p. 72. 
  108. ^ Ian Tyrrell, "Making Nations/Making States: American Historians in the Context of Empire", Journal of American History, (1999) 86#3 1015–44 in JSTOR
  109. ^ Winks, Historiography 5:95
  110. ^ Francis D. Cogliano, "Revisiting the American Revolution", History Compass (2010) 8#8: 951–63.
  111. ^ Eliga H. Gould, Peter S. Onuf, eds. Empire and Nation: The American Revolution in the Atlantic World (2005)
  112. ^ Compare: David Kennedy; Lizabeth Cohen (2015). American Pageant. Cengage Learning. p. 156. [...] the neoprogressives [...] have argued that the varying material circumstances of American participants led them to hold distinctive versions of republicanism, giving the Revolution a less unified and more complex ideological underpinning than the idealistic historians had previously suggested. 
  113. ^ Ellen Holmes Pearson. "Revising Custom, Embracing Choice: Early American Legal Scholars and the Republicanization of the Common Law", in Gould and Onuf, eds. Empire and Nation: The American Revolution in the Atlantic World (2005) pp. 93–113
  114. ^ Anton-Hermann Chroust, Rise of the Legal Profession in America (1965) vol. 2.
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