Pollen | references


  1. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pollination". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–5. 
  2. ^ Johnstone, Adam (2001). Biology: facts & practice for A level. Oxford University Press. p. 95. ISBN 0-19-914766-3. 
  3. ^ Pleasants, J. M.; Hellmich, R. L.; Dively, G. P.; Sears, M. K.; Stanley-Horn, D. E.; Mattila, H. R.; Foster, J. E.; Clark, P.; Jones, G. D. (2001). "Corn pollen deposition on milkweeds in and near cornfields". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 98 (21): 11919–24. 10.1073/pnas.211287498. 59743Freely accessible. 11559840. 
  4. ^ a b Furness, Carol A.; Rudall, Paula J. (January 2001). "Pollen and anther characters in monocot systematics". Grana. 40 (1–2): 17–25. 10.1080/00173130152591840. 
  5. ^ Pollen Development — University of Leicester
  6. ^ a b Furness, Carol A.; Rudall, Paula J. (2004-03-01). "Pollen aperture evolution--a crucial factor for eudicot success?". Trends in Plant Science. 9 (3): 154–158. 10.1016/j.tplants.2004.01.001. 15003239. 
  7. ^ Davis, Owen. "Aperture". geo.arizona.edu. 
  8. ^ Furness, Carol A.; Rudall, Paula J. (November 2003). "Apertures with Lids: Distribution and Significance of Operculate Pollen in Monocotyledons". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 164 (6): 835–854. 10.1086/378656. 
  9. ^ a b c Sporne, Kenneth R. (1972). "Some Observations on the Evolution of Pollen Types in Dicotyledons". New Phytologist. 71 (1): 181–185. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1972.tb04826.x. 
  10. ^ Simpson, Michael G. (2011). "Palynology". Plant Systematics. Academic Press. pp. 453–464. ISBN 978-0-08-051404-8. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  11. ^ Singh, Gurcharan (2004-01-01). "Palynology". Plant Systematics: An Integrated Approach. p. 142. ISBN 9781578083510. Retrieved 23 January 2014.  In Singh (2004).
  12. ^ Judd, Walter S. & Olmstead, Richard G. (2004). "A survey of tricolpate (eudicot) phylogenetic relationships". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1627–1644. 10.3732/ajb.91.10.1627. 21652313. 
  13. ^ a b Hirano T, Takagi K, Hoshino Y, Abe T (2013). "DNA damage response in male gametes of Cyrtanthus mackenii during pollen tube growth". AoB Plants. 5: plt004. 10.1093/aobpla/plt004. 3583183Freely accessible. 23550213. 
  14. ^ Franco-Gaviria, Felipe; et al. (2018). "The human impact imprint on modern pollen spectra of the Mayan lands" (PDF). Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 70, 1: 61–78. 
  15. ^ Erbas, B.; Jazayeri, M.; Lambert, K. A.; Katelaris, C. H.; Prendergast, L. A.; Tham, R.; Parrodi, M. J.; Davies, J.; Newbigin, E. (2018-03-02). "Outdoor pollen is a trigger of child and adolescent asthma emergency department presentations: A systematic review and meta-analysis". Allergy. 10.1111/all.13407. 0105-4538. 
  16. ^ Oder, Tom. "Dear allergy sufferers: Don't blame goldenrod". mnn.com. Mother Nature Network. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  17. ^ Skoner, DP (July 2001). "Allergic rhinitis: definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, detection, and diagnosis". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 108 (1 Suppl): S2–8. 10.1067/mai.2001.115569. 11449200. 
  18. ^ Allergies and Hay Fever WebMD. Retrieved on 2010-03-09
  19. ^ Siewertsen, Bjarne. "Hård nyser for allergikere i varm fremtid" (English: Hard sneeze for allergic people in warm future) Danish Meteorological Institute, 18 April 2015. Retrieved: 19 April 2015.
  20. ^ Bee, grass pollen allergy symptoms. allergiesandtreatments.com. Retrieved on 2010-03-09
  21. ^ Van Overtvelt L. et al. Immune mechanisms of allergen-specific sublingual immunotherapy. Revue française d'allergologie et d'immunologie clinique. 2006; 46: 713–720.
  22. ^ "The Pollen Feeders". Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-Prey Foods. 7. 2009. pp. 87–11. 10.1007/978-1-4020-9235-0_6. ISBN 978-1-4020-9234-3. 
  23. ^ Schwarze, Francis W. M. R.; Engels, Julia; Mattheck, Claus (2000). Fungal Strategies of Wood Decay in Trees. Springer. p. 61. ISBN 978-3-540-67205-0. 
  24. ^ a b Filipiak, Michał (2016-01-01). "Pollen Stoichiometry May Influence Detrital Terrestrial and Aquatic Food Webs". Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology: 138. 10.3389/fevo.2016.00138. 
  25. ^ Salcledo, Christian. "Evidence of Pollen Digestion at Nocturnal Aggregations of Heliconius Sara in Costa Rica (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)." Archived 2013-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. Trop. Lepid. Res. 20.1 (2010): 35–37. Web.
  26. ^ Cardoso MZ, Gilbert LE; Gilbert (June 2013). "Pollen feeding, resource allocation and the evolution of chemical defence in passion vine butterflies". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 26 (6): 1254–60. 10.1111/jeb.12119. 23662837. 
  27. ^ Sanford, Malcolm T. "Producing Pollen". Archived from the original on January 13, 2007. Retrieved 2015-07-15. , University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences; citing P. Witherell, "Other Products of the Hive," Chapter XVIII, The Hive and the Honey Bee, Dadant & Sons, Inc., Hamilton, IL, 1975
  28. ^ Mao W, Schuler MA, Berenbaum MR; Schuler; Berenbaum (May 2013). "Honey constituents up-regulate detoxification and immunity genes in the western honey bee Apis mellifera". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110 (22): 8842–6. 10.1073/pnas.1303884110. 3670375Freely accessible. 23630255. 
  29. ^ Lou, Zaixiang; Wang, Hongxin; Rao, Shengqi; Sun, Juntao; Ma, Chaoyang; Li, Jing (2012). "p-Coumaric acid kills bacteria through dual damage mechanisms". Food Control. 25 (2): 550–554. 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.11.022. 
  30. ^ Sanford, Malcolm T. "Producing Pollen". University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Archived from the original on 2007-01-13. Retrieved 2007-08-30. . Document ENY118. Original publication date November 1, 1994. Revised February 1, 1995. Reviewed May 1, 2003.
  31. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JBP9pw2rNk4
  32. ^ Graystock, Peter; Yates, Kathryn; Evison, Sophie E. F.; Darvill, Ben; Goulson, Dave; Hughes, William O. H. (July 2013). "The Trojan hives: pollinator pathogens, imported and distributed in bumblebee colonies". Journal of Applied Ecology: n/a–n/a. 10.1111/1365-2664.12134. 
  33. ^ a b Singh, Rajwinder; Levitt, Abby L.; Rajotte, Edwin G.; Holmes, Edward C.; Ostiguy, Nancy; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Lipkin, W. Ian; dePamphilis, Claude W.; Toth, Amy L.; Cox-Foster, Diana L.; Traveset, Anna (22 December 2010). "RNA Viruses in Hymenopteran Pollinators: Evidence of Inter-Taxa Virus Transmission via Pollen and Potential Impact on Non-Apis Hymenopteran Species". PLoS ONE. 5 (12): e14357. 10.1371/journal.pone.0014357. 3008715Freely accessible. 21203504. 
  34. ^ Graystock, Peter; Goulson, Dave; Hughes, William O. H. (5 August 2015). "Parasites in bloom: flowers aid dispersal and transmission of pollinator parasites within and between bee species". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 282 (1813): 20151371. 10.1098/rspb.2015.1371. 4632632Freely accessible. 26246556. 
  35. ^ Graystock, Peter; Blane, Edward J.; McFrederick, Quinn S.; Goulson, Dave; Hughes, William O.H. (October 2015). "Do managed bees drive parasite spread and emergence in wild bees?". International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 5: 64–75. 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2015.10.001. 
  36. ^ Graystock, P.; Jones, J.C.; Pamminger, T.; Parkinson, J.F.; Norman, V.; Blane, E.J.; Rothstein, L.; Wäckers, F.; Goulson, D.; Hughes, W.O.H. (May 2016). "Hygienic food to reduce pathogen risk to bumblebees". Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 136: 68–73. 10.1016/j.jip.2016.03.007. 26970260. 
  37. ^ Bryant, Vaughn M. "Forensic Palynology: A New Way to Catch Crooks". crimeandclues.com. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. 
  38. ^ Stackhouse, Robert (17 April 2003). "Forensics studies look to pollen". The Battalion. 
  39. ^ Wood, Peter (9 September 2004). "Pollen helps war crime forensics". BBC News. 
  40. ^ D. Mildenhall (2006). "Hypericum pollen determines the presence of burglars at the scene of a crime: An example of forensic palynology". Forensic Science International. 163 (3): 231–235. 10.1016/j.forsciint.2005.11.028. 16406430. 
  41. ^ Wolf, Lauren K. (18 August 2008). "Newscripts". Chemical & Engineering News. 86 (33): 88. 10.1021/cen-v086n033.p088. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Stuifmeel
العربية: حبوب اللقاح
asturianu: Polen
azərbaycanca: Çiçək tozu
башҡортса: Һеркә
беларуская: Пылок
български: Цветен прашец
bosanski: Polen
català: Pol·len
Чӑвашла: Шăрка
čeština: Pyl
Cymraeg: Paill
dansk: Pollen
Deutsch: Pollen
eesti: Õietolm
Ελληνικά: Γύρη
español: Polen
Esperanto: Poleno
euskara: Polen
فارسی: گرده
français: Pollen
Gaeilge: Pailin
Gàidhlig: Poilean
galego: Pole
한국어: 꽃가루
Հայերեն: Ծաղկափոշի
हिन्दी: पराग
hrvatski: Cvjetni pelud
Ido: Poleno
Bahasa Indonesia: Serbuk sari
interlingua: Polline
íslenska: Frjóduft
italiano: Polline
қазақша: Тозаң
Kiswahili: Mbelewele
Latina: Pollen
latviešu: Putekšņi
lietuvių: Žiedadulkė
magyar: Virágpor
македонски: Полен
മലയാളം: പരാഗം
Bahasa Melayu: Debunga
Nederlands: Stuifmeel
日本語: 花粉
norsk: Pollen
norsk nynorsk: Pollen
occitan: Pollèn
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Chang donachalari
پنجابی: پراگ (پھل)
Plattdüütsch: Pollen
polski: Pyłek
português: Pólen
română: Polen
Runa Simi: Sisa
русский: Пыльца
Scots: Pollen
sicilianu: Pòllini
Simple English: Pollen
slovenčina: Včelí peľ
slovenščina: Cvetni prah
српски / srpski: Полен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pelud
suomi: Siitepöly
svenska: Pollen
தமிழ்: மகரந்தம்
తెలుగు: పుప్పొడి
Türkçe: Polen
Türkmençe: Tozgajyk
українська: Пилок
Tiếng Việt: Phấn hoa
中文: 花粉