Mediterranean Sea | ecology and biota

Ecology and biota

As a result of the drying of the sea during the Messinian salinity crisis,[66] the marine biota of the Mediterranean are derived primarily from the Atlantic Ocean. The North Atlantic is considerably colder and more nutrient-rich than the Mediterranean, and the marine life of the Mediterranean has had to adapt to its differing conditions in the five million years since the basin was reflooded.

The Alboran Sea is a transition zone between the two seas, containing a mix of Mediterranean and Atlantic species. The Alboran Sea has the largest population of bottlenose dolphins in the Western Mediterranean, is home to the last population of harbour porpoises in the Mediterranean, and is the most important feeding grounds for loggerhead sea turtles in Europe. The Alboran sea also hosts important commercial fisheries, including sardines and swordfish. The Mediterranean monk seals live in the Aegean Sea in Greece. In 2003, the World Wildlife Fund raised concerns about the widespread drift net fishing endangering populations of dolphins, turtles, and other marine animals such as the Galathea strigosa.

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Адыгэбзэ: ЩIылъэку Хы
адыгабзэ: Хыгурыт
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Alemannisch: Mittelmeer
Ænglisc: Wendelsǣ
aragonés: Mar Mediterrania
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܡܐ ܪܒܐ
armãneashti: Amarea Mediteranâ
অসমীয়া: ভূমধ্য সাগৰ
asturianu: Mar Mediterraneu
Avañe'ẽ: Para Yvy mbytépe
azərbaycanca: Aralıq dənizi
bamanankan: Mediterane Baji
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Bân-lâm-gú: Tē-tiong-hái
башҡортса: Урта диңгеҙ
беларуская: Міжземнае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Міжземнае мора
भोजपुरी: रूम सागर
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български: Средиземно море
Boarisch: Middlmeea
bosanski: Sredozemno more
brezhoneg: Mor Kreizdouar
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dolnoserbski: Srjejźne mórjo
eesti: Vahemeri
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Mêr Mediteràni
Esperanto: Mediteraneo
estremeñu: Mari Mediterráneu
euskara: Mediterraneoa
فارسی: مدیترانه
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客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thi-chûng-hói
한국어: 지중해
hornjoserbsce: Srjedźne morjo
hrvatski: Sredozemno more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Tengah
interlingua: Mediterraneo
Interlingue: Mediterraneo
Basa Jawa: Segara Tengah
kernowek: Mor Kres
latviešu: Vidusjūra
Lëtzebuergesch: Mëttelmier
lingála: Mediterané
la .lojban.: mijytu'a xamsi
lumbaart: Mar Mediterani
македонски: Средоземно Море
მარგალური: სქირონაშქა ზუღა
مازِرونی: مدیترانه دریا
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Mediterranean
Baso Minangkabau: Lauik Mediterania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dê-dṳ̆ng-hāi
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြေထဲပင်လယ်
Nederlands: Middellandse Zee
Nedersaksies: Middellaanse Zee
日本語: 地中海
Napulitano: Mar Mediterraneo
Nordfriisk: Madlunsia
norsk nynorsk: Middelhavet
Nouormand: Mé du Mitan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oʻrta dengiz
پنجابی: رومی سمندر
Papiamentu: Laman Mediteranio
Перем Коми: Мушӧр саридз
Piemontèis: Mar Mediterani
Plattdüütsch: Middellannsche See
português: Mar Mediterrâneo
Qaraqalpaqsha: Worta jer ten'izi
qırımtatarca: Aq deñiz
rumantsch: Mar Mediterrana
русиньскый: Середоземне море
Seeltersk: Middelmeer
Simple English: Mediterranean Sea
slovenčina: Stredozemné more
slovenščina: Sredozemsko morje
Soomaaliga: Bada Dhexe
српски / srpski: Средоземно море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sredozemno more
suomi: Välimeri
svenska: Medelhavet
Taqbaylit: Ilel Agrakal
tarandíne: Mar Mediterranèe
татарча/tatarça: Урта диңгез
Türkçe: Akdeniz
Türkmençe: Ortaýer deňzi
українська: Середземне море
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: يەر ئوتتۇرا دېڭىزى
vepsän kel’: Keskmeri
Tiếng Việt: Địa Trung Hải
Volapük: Zänodamel
Võro: Vaihõmeri
文言: 地中海
吴语: 地中海
粵語: 地中海
žemaitėška: Vėdoržemė jūra
中文: 地中海
Lingua Franca Nova: Mar Mediteraneo