Mainz | cityscape

Cityscape

Mainz skyline May, 2007, from South Railway bridge over the Rhine looking north
Mainz May 2011, Schillerplatz, looking southeast
Market square and cathedral
Schusterstraße

Architecture

The destruction caused by the bombing of Mainz during World War II led to the largest building boom in the history of the town. During the last war in Germany, more than 30 air raids destroyed about 80 percent of the city's center, including most of the historic buildings.[18] The destructive attack on the afternoon of 27 February 1945 remains the most destructive of all 33 bombings that Mainz has suffered in World War II in the collective memory of most of the population living then. The air raid caused most of the dead and made an already hard-hit city largely leveled.[19][20][21]

Town Hall by Jacobsen

Nevertheless, the post-war reconstruction took place very slowly. While cities such as Frankfurt had been rebuilt fast by a central authority, only individual efforts were initially successful in rebuilding Mainz. The reason for this was that the French wanted Mainz to expand and to become a model city. Mainz lay within the French-controlled sector of Germany and it was a French architect and town-planner, Marcel Lods, who produced a Le Corbusier-style plan of an ideal architecture.[22][23][24] But the very first interest of the inhabitants was the restoration of housing areas. Even after the failure of the model city plans it was the initiative of the French (founding of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, elevation of Mainz to the state capital of Rhineland-Palatinate, the early resumption of the Mainz carnival) driving the city in a positive development after the war. The City Plan of 1958 by Ernst May allowed a regulated reconstruction for the first time. In 1950, the seat of the government of Rhineland-Palatinate had been transferred to the new Mainz and in 1963 the seat of the new ZDF, notable architects were Adolf Bayer, Richard Jörg and Egon Hartmann. At the time of the two-thousand-years-anniversary in 1962 the city was largely reconstructed. During the 1950s and 1960s the Oberstadt had been extended, Münchfeld and Lerchenberg added as suburbs, the Altstadttangente (intersection of the old town), new neighbourhoods as Westring and Südring contributed to the extension. By 1970 there remained only a few ruins. The new town hall of Mainz had been designed by Arne Jacobsen and finished by Dissing+Weitling. The town used Jacobsens activity for the Danish Novo erecting a new office and warehouse building to contact him. The urban renewal of the old town changed the inner city. In the framework of the preparation of the cathedrals millennium, pedestrian zones were developed around the cathedral, in northern direction to the Neubrunnenplatz and in southern direction across the Leichhof to the Augustinerstraße and Kirschgarten. The 1980s brought the renewal of the façades on the Markt and a new inner-city neighbourhood on the Kästrich. During the 1990s the Kisselberg between Gonsenheim and Bretzenheim, the "Fort Malakoff Center" at the site of the old police barracks, the renewal of the Main Station and the demolition of the first post-war shopping center at the Markt followed by the erection of a new historicising building at the same place.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mainz
Alemannisch: Mainz
አማርኛ: ማይንጽ
العربية: ماينتس
aragonés: Maganza
asturianu: Maguncia
Aymar aru: Mainz
azərbaycanca: Mayns
تۆرکجه: ماینتس
Bân-lâm-gú: Mainz
беларуская: Майнц
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Майнц
български: Майнц
Boarisch: Mainz
bosanski: Mainz
brezhoneg: Mainz
català: Magúncia
čeština: Mohuč
Cymraeg: Mainz
dansk: Mainz
Deitsch: Meenz
Deutsch: Mainz
dolnoserbski: Mainz
eesti: Mainz
Ελληνικά: Μάιντς
español: Maguncia
Esperanto: Majenco
euskara: Mainz
فارسی: ماینتس
français: Mayence
Frysk: Mainz
Gaeilge: Mainz
Gàidhlig: Mainz
galego: Maguncia
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌼𐌰𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍄𐌶
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mainz
한국어: 마인츠
հայերեն: Մայնց
हिन्दी: मैन्ज़
hornjoserbsce: Mohuč
hrvatski: Mainz
Ido: Mainz
Bahasa Indonesia: Mainz
Interlingue: Mainz
íslenska: Mainz
italiano: Magonza
עברית: מיינץ
ქართული: მაინცი
қазақша: Майнц
kernowek: Mainz
Kiswahili: Mainz
Kongo: Mainz
kurdî: Mainz
Кыргызча: Майнц
Latina: Moguntiacum
latviešu: Mainca
Lëtzebuergesch: Mainz
lietuvių: Maincas
Ligure: Mainz
lumbaart: Magunza
magyar: Mainz
македонски: Мајнц
मराठी: माइंत्स
Bahasa Melayu: Mainz
монгол: Майнц
Nederlands: Mainz
日本語: マインツ
нохчийн: Майнц
Nordfriisk: Mainz
norsk: Mainz
norsk nynorsk: Mainz
occitan: Maiança
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mainz
Pälzisch: Mainz
پنجابی: مائنز
Plattdüütsch: Mainz
polski: Moguncja
português: Mainz
română: Mainz
rumantsch: Magonza
Runa Simi: Mainz
русский: Майнц
Scots: Mainz
Seeltersk: Mainz
shqip: Majnci
sicilianu: Magonza
Simple English: Mainz
slovenčina: Mainz
slovenščina: Mainz
ślůnski: Mainz
کوردی: ماینتس
српски / srpski: Мајнц
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mainz
suomi: Mainz
svenska: Mainz
Tagalog: Mainz
татарча/tatarça: Майнц
Türkçe: Mainz
українська: Майнц
اردو: مینز
vepsän kel’: Mainc
Tiếng Việt: Mainz
Volapük: Mainz
Winaray: Mainz
吴语: 美因茨
ייִדיש: מיינץ
Yorùbá: Mainz
粵語: 緬恩斯
中文: 美因茨