Harold Macmillan | references

References

  1. ^ Lord Hailsham Of St Marylebone (1987). "Maurice Harold Macmillan, First Earl of Stockton. 10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 33: 376–385. 10.1098/rsbm.1987.0014. 769957.
  2. ^ Middleton 1997, pp. 422–23.
  3. ^ Middleton 1997, p. 422.
  4. ^ Peter Hennessy, Having It So Good: Britain in the Fifties (London: Allen Lane, 2006), pp. 533–34.
  5. ^ Richard Lamb, The Macmillan Years 1957–1963: The Emerging Truth (London: John Murray, 1995), pp. 14–15.
  6. ^ Leitch, David (8 December 1996), "The spy who rocked a world of privilege", The Independent, London, archived from the original on 4 August 2012
  7. ^ Fisher 1982, p. 2.
  8. ^ Horne 2008, p. 9.
  9. ^ Campbell 2009, p. 245
  10. ^ "Winds of Change" speech, minute 29:04. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 November 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  11. ^ Horne 2008, p. 13.
  12. ^ Charles Williams, Harold Macmillan (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2009), p. 15.
  13. ^ "Mr T.S. Morton". The Times. 23 January 1962.
  14. ^ a b Horne 1988, p. 15
  15. ^ Horne 2008, p. 16.
  16. ^ Simon Ball, The Guardsmen, Harold Macmillan, Three Friends and the World They Made, (London, Harper Collins), 2004, p. 19.
  17. ^ Williams, Macmillan, pp. 19–26.
  18. ^ a b c Supermac. Author: D. R. Thorpe. Publisher: Chatto & Windus. Published: 9 September 2010. Retrieved: 1 February 2014.
  19. ^ Horne 1988, p. 22
  20. ^ Thorpe 2010, p. 41
  21. ^ Supermac. Author: D. R. Thorpe. Publisher: Chatto & Windus. Published: 9 September 2010. Retrieved: 29 January 2014.
  22. ^ Thorpe 2011, pp. 47–48
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  24. ^ "No. 29500". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 March 1916. p. 2533.
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  27. ^ Lawton, John (1992), 1963: Five Hundred Days, Sevenoaks: Hodder and Stoughton, ISBN 0-340-50846-9
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  34. ^ Thorpe 2010, pp. 42–45 "Sent Down" is a university term for "expelled"
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  36. ^ Thorpe 2010, p. 62
  37. ^ Macmillan 1966, pp. 107–108 This period saw disturbances amongst British troops in France, which was of grave worry to the Government as the Russian and German revolutions had been accompanied by army mutinies. In the end the crisis was resolved by giving priority for demobilisation to men who had served the longest.
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  40. ^ "No. 31958". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 June 1920. p. 7073. The London Gazette states that he held and retained the rank of lieutenant.
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  43. ^ Thorpe 2010, 2467, 2477.
  44. ^ Thorpe 2010, p. 95 Thorpe points out that divorce still caused muttering as late as the 1950s. Walter Monckton's divorce may have cost him promotion to the highest legal positions of Lord Chief Justice and Lord Chancellor, while Anthony Eden faced criticism for divorcing and remarrying, and talk that he was unfit to make ecclesiastical appointments
  45. ^ Parris, Matthew (1997), Great Parliamentary Scandals: Four Centuries of Calumny, Smear & Innuendo, London: Robson Books, pp. 98–104, ISBN 1-86105-152-2
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  49. ^ Thorpe 2010, 14116–14121.
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  54. ^ Horne 1988, p. 69 at that time candidates were often expected to fund their own election campaigns
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  57. ^ a b Horne 1988, p. 243
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  62. ^ Horne 1988, p. 119
  63. ^ Horne 1988, pp. 134–35
  64. ^ Horne 1988, p. 139
  65. ^ Campbell 2009, p. 252
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  67. ^ Harold Macmillan, The Blast of War, 1939–45 (London: Macmillan, 1967), p. 161.
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  69. ^ Campbell 2009, p. 254
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  102. ^ Campbell 2009, pp. 249, 254 Campbell also suggests that Harold Wilson's image change during Macmillan's premiership from "boring young statistician into lovable Yorkshire comic" was made in conscious imitation of Macmillan
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  104. ^ a b Fisher 1982, p. 150.
  105. ^ Edmund Dell, The Chancellors: A History of the Chancellors of the Exchequer, 1945–90 (1997) pp. 207–22, covers his term as Chancellor.
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  107. ^ Campbell 2009, pp. 264–65
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  116. ^ Beckett 2006, pp. 73–74.
  117. ^ a b Diane B. Kunz, The Economic Diplomacy of the Suez Crisis (1991) pp. 130–40
  118. ^ Howard 1987, p. 237
  119. ^ Williams, Harold Macmillan (2009) p. 267
  120. ^ Thorpe 2010, p. 356
  121. ^ Howard 1987, p. 239
  122. ^ Howard 1987, p. 242
  123. ^ Thorpe 2010, pp. 352–53 Eisenhower said these words in a meeting with Treasury Secretary Humphrey (who was pro-Butler), Under Secretary of State Hoover and Staff Secretary Andrew Goodpaster. It is unclear whether there was direct pressure from the US Administration for Macmillan to be chosen, or rather whether being the candidate best placed to rebuild bridges with the Americans was simply another reason why leading Conservatives preferred him to Butler. Published accounts do not agree about the date of the meeting. Williams (2008, p. 270) lists it as happening on 20 November, a date repeated in Michael Jago's 2015 biography of Rab Butler. Macmillan's other recent biographer D. R. Thorpe gives it as 24 December, presumably an error as the footnote refers to Eisenhower's papers for November 1956, while in his biography of Anthony Eden (2003, p. 539) Thorpe gives it as 24 November.
  124. ^ Howard 1987, pp. 240–41
  125. ^ Thorpe 2010, pp. 353–54
  126. ^ Campbell 2009, p. 269
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  128. ^ Thorpe 2010, p. 358
  129. ^ Beckett 2006, pp. 77–78.
  130. ^ Thorpe 2010, pp. 361–62
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  152. ^ David Walker, 'Focus on 1957: Macmillan ordered Windscale censorship', The Times (1 January 1988).
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  189. ^ the "soundings" and the accompanying political intrigues are discussed in detail in Rab Butler's biography
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Other Languages
Afrikaans: Harold Macmillan
беларуская: Гаральд Мак-Мілан
български: Харолд Макмилан
čeština: Harold Macmillan
Esperanto: Harold Macmillan
français: Harold Macmillan
Bahasa Indonesia: Harold Macmillan
interlingua: Harold Macmillan
íslenska: Harold Macmillan
lietuvių: Harold Macmillan
مازِرونی: هارولد مک میلن
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српски / srpski: Харолд Макмилан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Harold Macmillan
татарча/tatarça: Гарольд Макмиллан
українська: Гарольд Макміллан
Tiếng Việt: Harold Macmillan
粵語: 麥美倫