Government and politics
The country is a
republic. The president is directly elected by the people and is
head of state and
head of government. The unicameral National Assembly is the
legislative body of the country, and its members are directly elected by the people. The judicial branch is led by the Guinea Supreme Court, the highest and final court of appeal in the country.
Guinea is a member of many international organizations including the
African Development Bank,
Islamic Development Bank,
IMF, and the
Alpha Conde derives support from Guinea's second-largest ethnic group, the
 Guinea's opposition is backed by the
Fula ethnic group, also known as Peul, who account for around 40 percent of the population.
president of Guinea is normally elected by popular vote for a five-year term; the winning candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president. The president governs Guinea, assisted by a
council of 25 civilian
ministers appointed by him. The government administers the country through eight regions, 33
prefectures, over 100
subprefectures, and many districts (known as
Conakry and other large cities and villages or "quartiers" in the interior). District-level leaders are elected; the president appoints officials to all other levels of the highly centralized administration.
Since the 2010 Presidential Elections, the head of state has been
National Assembly of Guinea, the country's legislative body, has not met since 2008 when it was dissolved after the military coup in December.
Elections have been postponed many times since 2007. In April 2012, President Condé postponed the elections indefinitely, citing the need to ensure that they were "transparent and democratic".
2013 Guinean legislative election were held on 24 September 2013.
Alpha Condé's party, the
Rally of the Guinean People (RPG), won a
plurality of seats in the
National Assembly of Guinea, with 53 out of 114 seats. The opposition parties won a total of 53 seats, and opposition leaders denounced the official results as fraudulent.
Guinea's foreign relations, including those with its
West African neighbors, have improved steadily since 1985.
Guinea's armed forces are divided into five branches – army, navy, air force, the paramilitary National
Gendarmerie and the Republican Guard – whose chiefs report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who is subordinate to the Minister of Defense. In addition, regime security forces include the National Police Force (Sûreté National). The Gendarmerie, responsible for internal security, has a strength of several thousand.
The army, with about 15,000 personnel, is by far the largest branch of the armed forces. It is mainly responsible for protecting the state borders, the security of administered territories, and defending Guinea's national interests. Air force personnel total about 700. The force's equipment includes several Russian-supplied fighter planes and transports. The navy has about 900 personnel and operates several small
patrol craft and barges.