Guinea | health

Health

Ebola

In 2014, there was an outbreak of the Ebola virus in Guinea. In response, the health ministry banned the sale and consumption of bats, thought to be carriers of the disease. Despite this measure, the virus eventually spread from rural areas to Conakry, [101] and by late June 2014 had spread to neighboring countries Sierra Leone and Liberia. In early August 2014 Guinea closed its borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia to help contain the spreading of the virus, as more new cases of the disease were being reported in those countries than in Guinea.

The outbreak began in early December, in a village called Meliandou, southeastern Guinea, not far from the borders with both Liberia and Sierra Leone. The first known case was a two-year-old child who died, after fever and vomiting and passing black stool, on December 6. The child's mother died a week later, then a sister and a grandmother, all with symptoms that included fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. Then, by way of caregiving visits or attendance at funerals, the outbreak spread to other villages.

Unsafe burials remained one of the primary sources of the transmission of the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the inability to engage with local communities hindered the ability of health workers to trace the origins and strains of the virus. [102]

While WHO terminated the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 29 March 2016, [103] the Ebola Situation Report released on 30 March confirmed 5 more cases in the preceding two weeks, with viral sequencing relating one of the cases to the November 2014 outbreak. [104]

The epidemic also affected the treatment of other diseases in Guinea. There was a decline in healthcare visits by the population due to fear of being infected and mistrust in the health care system, and a decrease in the system's ability to provide routine health care and HIV/AIDS treatments due to the Ebola outbreak. [105]

Maternal and child healthcare

The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Guinea is 680. This is compared with 859.9 in 2008 and 964.7 in 1990. The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 146 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality is 29. In Guinea the number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 1 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women is 1 in 26. [106] Guinea has the second highest prevalence of female genital mutilation in the world. [107] [108]

HIV/AIDS

An estimated 170,000 adults and children were infected at the end of 2004. [109] [110] Surveillance surveys conducted in 2001 and 2002 show higher rates of HIV in urban areas than in rural areas. Prevalence was highest in Conakry (5%) and in the cities of the Forest Guinea region (7%) bordering Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. [111]

HIV is spread primarily through multiple-partner heterosexual intercourse. Men and women are at nearly equal risk for HIV, with young people aged 15 to 24 most vulnerable. Surveillance figures from 2001–2002 show high rates among commercial sex workers (42%), active military personnel (6.6%), truck drivers and bush taxi drivers (7.3%), miners (4.7%), and adults with tuberculosis (8.6%). [111]

Several factors are fueling the HIV/ AIDS epidemic in Guinea. They include unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, illiteracy, endemic poverty, unstable borders, refugee migration, lack of civic responsibility, and scarce medical care and public services. [111]

Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a serious problem for Guinea. A 2012 study reported high chronic malnutrition rates, with levels ranging from 34% to 40% by region, as well as acute malnutrition rates above 10% in Upper Guinea’s mining zones. The survey showed that 139,200 children suffer from acute malnutrition, 609,696 from chronic malnutrition and further 1,592,892 suffer from anemia. Degradation of care practices, limited access to medical services, inadequate hygiene practices and a lack of food diversity explain these levels. [112]

Malaria

Malaria is prevalent in Guinea. It is transmitted year-round, with peak transmission from July through October. [113] Malaria is one of the top causes of disability in Guinea. [114]

Other Languages
Acèh: Guinea
адыгабзэ: Гвинейе
Afrikaans: Guinee
Alemannisch: Guinea
አማርኛ: ጊኔ
Ænglisc: Guinea
العربية: غينيا
aragonés: Guinea
armãneashti: Guinea
arpetan: Guinê
asturianu: Guinea
azərbaycanca: Qvineya
bamanankan: Gine
বাংলা: গিনি
Bahasa Banjar: Guinea
Bân-lâm-gú: Guinée
башҡортса: Гвинея
беларуская: Гвінея
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гвінэя
भोजपुरी: गिनी
Bikol Central: Guineya
български: Гвинея
བོད་ཡིག: གི་ནེ།
bosanski: Gvineja
brezhoneg: Ginea
буряад: Гвиней
Чӑвашла: Гвиней
Cebuano: Guinea
čeština: Guinea
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Guinea
chiShona: Guinea
Cymraeg: Gini
dansk: Guinea
davvisámegiella: Guinea
Deutsch: Guinea
ދިވެހިބަސް: ގީނިއާ
dolnoserbski: Guineja
eesti: Guinea
Ελληνικά: Γουινέα
español: Guinea
Esperanto: Gvineo
estremeñu: Guinea
euskara: Ginea
eʋegbe: Gini
فارسی: گینه
Fiji Hindi: Guinea
føroyskt: Guinea
français: Guinée
Frysk: Guinee
Fulfulde: Gine
Gaeilge: An Ghuine
Gaelg: Yn Ghuinea
Gagauz: Gvineya
Gàidhlig: Gini
galego: Guinea
Gĩkũyũ: Guinea
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Guinea
한국어: 기니
Hausa: Gini
Հայերեն: Գվինեա
हिन्दी: गिनी
hornjoserbsce: Gineja
hrvatski: Gvineja
Ido: Guinea
Igbo: Guinea
Ilokano: Guinea
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গিনি
Bahasa Indonesia: Guinea
interlingua: Guinea
Interlingue: Guinea
Ирон: Гвиней
isiZulu: IGini
íslenska: Gínea
italiano: Guinea
עברית: גינאה
Basa Jawa: Guinéa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗಿನಿ
Kapampangan: Guinea
ქართული: გვინეა
kaszëbsczi: Gwineja
қазақша: Гвинея
kernowek: Gyni
Kinyarwanda: Gineya
Kiswahili: Guinea
Kongo: Ginea
Kreyòl ayisyen: Gine
Kurdî: Gîne
Кыргызча: Гвинея
кырык мары: Гвиней
لۊری شومالی: گینە
Latina: Guinea
latviešu: Gvineja
Lëtzebuergesch: Guinea
lietuvių: Gvinėja
Ligure: Guinea
Limburgs: Guinee
lingála: Gine-Konakry
Livvinkarjala: Gvinea
Luganda: Guinea
lumbaart: Guinea
magyar: Guinea
македонски: Гвинеја
Malagasy: Ginea
മലയാളം: ഗിനി
Malti: Ginea
मराठी: गिनी
მარგალური: გვინეა
مصرى: جينيا
مازِرونی: گینه
Bahasa Melayu: Guinea
Baso Minangkabau: Guinea
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Guinea
монгол: Гвиней
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂီနီနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Guinea
Dorerin Naoero: Gini
Nederlands: Guinee
नेपाली: गिनी
नेपाल भाषा: गिनी
日本語: ギニア
нохчийн: Гвиней
Nordfriisk: Guinea
Norfuk / Pitkern: Gini
norsk: Guinea
norsk nynorsk: Guinea
Novial: Gini
occitan: Guinèa
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗିନି
Oromoo: Giinii
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gvineya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗਿਨੀ
पालि: गिनी
پنجابی: گنی
Papiamentu: Guinea
Patois: Gini
Piemontèis: Guinea
Plattdüütsch: Guinea
polski: Gwinea
português: Guiné
qırımtatarca: Gvineya
română: Guineea
Runa Simi: Khiniya
русиньскый: Ґвінея
русский: Гвинея
саха тыла: Гвинея
Gagana Samoa: Kini
Sängö: Ginëe
sardu: Guinea
Scots: Guinea
Seeltersk: Guinea
Sesotho: Guinea
Sesotho sa Leboa: Guinea
shqip: Guinea
sicilianu: Guinia
Simple English: Guinea
SiSwati: IGiniya
slovenčina: Guinea (štát)
slovenščina: Gvineja
ślůnski: Gwinyjo
Soomaaliga: Guinea
کوردی: گینێ
српски / srpski: Гвинеја
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gvineja
Basa Sunda: Guinéa
suomi: Guinea
svenska: Guinea
Tagalog: Ginea
தமிழ்: கினி
Taqbaylit: Ginya
татарча/tatarça: Гвинея
тоҷикӣ: Гвинея
Türkçe: Gine
Türkmençe: Gwineýa
удмурт: Гвинея
українська: Гвінея
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ۋىنېيە
vèneto: Guinea
vepsän kel’: Gvinei
Tiếng Việt: Guinée
Volapük: Gineyän
Võro: Guinea
文言: 幾內亞
Winaray: Guinea
Wolof: Gine
吴语: 幾內亞
Xitsonga: Gineya
ייִדיש: גינע
Yorùbá: Guinea
粵語: 畿內亞
Zazaki: Gineya
Zeêuws: Guinee
žemaitėška: Gvėniejė
中文: 几内亚
डोटेली: गिनी
Kabɩyɛ: Kinee-Konakrii