Bordeaux | economy


Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the ninth largest metropolitan population in France.

As of 2014, the GDP of Bordeaux is €32.7 Billion.


Sauternes vineyard

The vine was introduced to the Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since.[14]

Bordeaux now has about 116,160 hectares (287,000 acres) of vineyards, 57 appellations, 10,000 wine-producing châteaux and 13,000 grape growers. With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles,[15] Bordeaux produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: The first growths are:

In 1855, Mouton-Rothschild was ranked a Second Growth. In 1973, it was elevated to First Growth status.[16]

Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red Bordeaux is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.

White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem.

Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. In the meantime, the global demand for first growths and the most famous labels markedly increased and their prices skyrocketed.

The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened its doors in June 2016.[17]


The Laser Mégajoule will be one of the most powerful lasers in the world, allowing fundamental research and the development of the laser and plasma technologies. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to the Bordeaux area having the most important concentration of optical and laser expertise in Europe.

Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage 2000, the Airbus A380 cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and the M51 SLBM missile.

Tourism, especially wine tourism, is a major industry. mentioned Bordeaux as the best tourist destination in Europe in 2015.[18]

Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the Gironde estuary. Almost nine million tonnes of goods arrive and leave each year.

Major companies

This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily headquartered there.

Other Languages
Acèh: Bordeaux
Afrikaans: Bordeaux
Akan: Bordeaux
Alemannisch: Bordeaux
አማርኛ: ቦርዶ
العربية: بوردو
aragonés: Bordeus
arpetan: Bordôx
asturianu: Burdeos
azərbaycanca: Bordo
تۆرکجه: بوردو
bamanankan: Bordeaux
বাংলা: বর্দো
Bân-lâm-gú: Bordeaux
беларуская: Бардо
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бардо
български: Бордо
Boarisch: Bordeaux
brezhoneg: Bourdel
català: Bordeus
Cebuano: Bordeaux
čeština: Bordeaux
Cymraeg: Bordeaux
dansk: Bordeaux
Deutsch: Bordeaux
dolnoserbski: Bordeaux
eesti: Bordeaux
Ελληνικά: Μπορντώ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Burdó
español: Burdeos
Esperanto: Bordeaux
estremeñu: Burdeus
euskara: Bordele
فارسی: بوردو
français: Bordeaux
Gaeilge: Bordeaux
Gàidhlig: Bordeaux
galego: Bordeos
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bordeaux
한국어: 보르도
Hausa: Bordeaux
հայերեն: Բորդո
हिन्दी: बोर्दो
hornjoserbsce: Bordeaux
hrvatski: Bordeaux
Bahasa Indonesia: Bordeaux
Interlingue: Bordeaux
Ирон: Бордо
íslenska: Bordeaux
italiano: Bordeaux
עברית: בורדו
Basa Jawa: Bordeaux
kalaallisut: Bordeaux
ქართული: ბორდო
Kiswahili: Bordeaux
Kongo: Bordo
Kreyòl ayisyen: Bordo
Кыргызча: Бордо
Ladino: Burdeos
ລາວ: ບອກໂດ
Latina: Burdigala
latviešu: Bordo
Lëtzebuergesch: Bordeaux
lietuvių: Bordo
Limburgs: Bordeaux
lingála: Bordeaux
lumbaart: Bordeaux
magyar: Bordeaux
македонски: Бордо
Malagasy: Bordeaux
മലയാളം: ബോർഡോ
मराठी: बोर्दू
მარგალური: ბორდო
مازِرونی: بوردو (فرانسه)
Bahasa Melayu: Bordeaux
Nederlands: Bordeaux (stad)
日本語: ボルドー
Napulitano: Bordeaux
нохчийн: Бордо
Nordfriisk: Bordeaux
norsk: Bordeaux
norsk nynorsk: Bordeaux
occitan: Bordèu
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bordeaux
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੋਰਦੋ
پنجابی: بورڈو
Picard: Bordieus
Piemontèis: Bordò
Plattdüütsch: Bordeaux
polski: Bordeaux
Ποντιακά: Μπορντό
português: Bordéus
română: Bordeaux
Runa Simi: Bordeaux
русский: Бордо
sardu: Bordeaux
Scots: Bordeaux
Seeltersk: Bordèu
shqip: Bordo
sicilianu: Bordeaux
Simple English: Bordeaux
slovenčina: Bordeaux (mesto)
slovenščina: Bordeaux
ślůnski: Bordeaux
српски / srpski: Бордо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bordeaux
suomi: Bordeaux
svenska: Bordeaux
Tagalog: Burdeos
தமிழ்: பொர்தோ
Taqbaylit: Bordeaux
татарча/tatarça: Бордо
Türkçe: Bordeaux
Türkmençe: Bordeaux
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Bordeaux
українська: Бордо
اردو: بورڈو
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Bordo
vèneto: Bordò
vepsän kel’: Bordo (lidn)
Tiếng Việt: Bordeaux
Volapük: Bordeaux
West-Vlams: Bordeaux
Winaray: Bordeaux
吴语: 波尔多
ייִדיש: בארדא
Yorùbá: Bordeaux
粵語: 波爾多
中文: 波尔多