Baltic Sea | references

References

Notes

  1. ^ A healthy serum concentration of sodium is around 0.8–0.85%, and healthy kidneys can concentrate salt in urine to at least 1.4%.
  1. ^ "Coalition Clean Baltic". Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  2. ^ Gunderson, Lance H.; Pritchard, Lowell (1 October 2002). "Resilience and the Behavior of Large-Scale Systems". Island Press – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Text of Helsinki Convention".
  4. ^ "Sundzoll".
  5. ^ "Fragen zum Meer (Antworten) - IOW". www.io-warnemuende.de.
  6. ^ Swedish Chemicals Agency (KEMI): The BaltSens Project – The sensitivity of the Baltic Sea ecosystems to hazardous compounds[dead link]
  7. ^ Tacitus, English text online)
  8. ^ Ptolemy, Geography III, chapter 5: "Sarmatia in Europe is bounded on the north by the Sarmatian ocean at the Venedic gulf" (online text).
  9. ^ (in Swedish) Balteus in Nordisk familjebok.
  10. ^ "Indo-European etymology : Query result". 25 February 2007. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007.
  11. ^ Forbes, Nevill (1910). The Position of the Slavonic Languages at the present day. Oxford University Press. p. 7.
  12. ^ Dini, Pietro Umberto (1997). Le lingue baltiche (in Italian). Florence: La Nuova Italia. ISBN 978-88-221-2803-4.
  13. ^ Cfr. Hartmann Schedel's 1493 (map), where the Baltic Sea is called Mare Germanicum, whereas the Northern Sea is called Oceanus Germanicus.
  14. ^ "The History of Russian Amber, Part 1: The Beginning", Leta.st
  15. ^ Wend – West Wend. Britannica.com. Retrieved on 23 June 2011.
  16. ^ Chemical Weapon Time Bomb Ticks in the Baltic Sea Deutsche Welle, 1 February 2008.
  17. ^ Activities 2006: Overview Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 112. Helsinki Commission.
  18. ^ Sztobryn, Marzenna; Stigge, Hans-Joachim; Wielbińska, Danuta; Weidig, Bärbel; Stanisławczyk, Ida; Kańska, Alicja; Krzysztofik, Katarzyna; Kowalska, Beata; Letkiewicz, Beata; Mykita, Monika (2005). "Sturmfluten in der südlichen Ostsee (Westlicher und mittlerer Teil)" [Storm floods in the Southern Baltic (western and central part)] (PDF). Berichte des Bundesamtes für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (in German) (39): 6.[dead link]
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  20. ^ Tiesel, Reiner (October 2003). "Sturmfluten an der deutschen Ostseeküste" [Storm floods at the German Baltic Sea coasts]. Informations-, Lern-, und Lehrmodule zu den Themen Küste, Meer und Integriertes Küstenzonenmanagement (in German). EUCC Die Küsten Union Deutschland e. V. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  21. ^ "EuroOcean". Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Geography of the Baltic Sea Area". Archived from the original on 21 April 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2005. at envir.ee. (archived) (2006-04-21). Retrieved on 23 June 2011.
  23. ^ p. 7
  24. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  25. ^ "Baltic Sea area clickable map". www.baltic.vtt.fi. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  26. ^ a b c d e f "Our Baltic Sea". HELCOM. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  27. ^ Helsingin Sanomat, 16 February 2011, p. A8.
  28. ^ Derham, William Physico-Theology: Or, A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God from His Works of Creation (London, 1713).
  29. ^ Helsingin Sanomat, 10 February 2011, p. A4; 25 February 2011, p. A5; 11 June 2011, p. A12.
  30. ^ Sea Ice Survey Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin.
  31. ^ "Nödåret 1867". Byar i Luleå. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.
  32. ^ "Isvintrene i 40'erne". TV 2.
  33. ^ "1771 - Nationalmuseet".
  34. ^ "Is i de danske farvande i 1700-tallet". Nationalmuseet.
  35. ^ a b Alhonen, p. 88
  36. ^ a b Snoeijs-Leijonmalm P.; E.Andrén (2017). "Why is the Baltic Sea so special to live in?". In P. Snoeijs-Leijonmalm; H. Schubert; T. Radziejewska. Biological Oceanography of the Baltic Sea. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 23–84. ISBN 978-94-007-0667-5.
  37. ^ a b c Viktorsson, L. (16 April 2018). "Hydrogeography and oxygen in the deep basins". HELCOM. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  38. ^ "The Baltic Sea: Its Past, Present and Future" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2007.  (352 KB), Jan Thulin and Andris Andrushaitis, Religion, Science and the Environment Symposium V on the Baltic Sea (2003).
  39. ^ a b Muus, B.; J.G. Nielsen; P. Dahlstrom; B. Nystrom (1999). Sea Fish. ISBN 8790787005.
  40. ^ Statistische Kurzinformation Archived 11 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. (in German). Landeshauptstadt Kiel. Amt für Kommunikation, Standortmarketing und Wirtschaftsfragen Abteilung Statistik. Retrieved on 11 October 2012.
  41. ^ Mikkelson, David. "UFO at the Bottom of the Baltic Sea? Rumor: Photograph shows a UFO discovered at the bottom of the Baltic Sea". Urban Legends Reference Pages© 1995-2017 by Snopes.com. Snopes.com. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  42. ^ Kershner, Kate. "What is the Baltic Sea anomaly?". How Stuff Works. HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings LLC. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  43. ^ Wolchover, Natalie. "Mysterious' Baltic Sea Object Is a Glacial Deposit". Live Science. Live Science, Purch. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  44. ^ Main, Douglas (January 2, 2012). "Underwater UFO? Get Real, Experts Say". Popular Mechanics.
  45. ^ Interview of Finnish planetary geomorphologist Jarmo Korteniemi (at 1:10:45) on Mars Moon Space Tv (2017-01-30), Baltic Sea Anomaly. The Unsolved Mystery. Part 1-2, retrieved 2018-03-14
  46. ^ Nissling, L.; A. Westin (1997). "Salinity requirements for successful spawning of Baltic and Belt Sea cod and the potential for cod stock interactions in the Baltic Sea". Marine Ecology Progress Series. 152 (1/3).
  47. ^ a b Momigliano, M.; G.P.J. Denys; H. Jokinen; J. Merilä (2018). "Platichthys solemdali sp. nov. (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes): A New Flounder Species From the Baltic Sea". Front. Mar. Sci. 5 (225). 10.3389/fmars.2018.00225.
  48. ^ Lockwood, A. P. M.; Sheader, M.; Williams, J. A. (1998). "Life in Estuaries, Salt Marshes, Lagoons and Coastal Waters". In Summerhayes, C. P.; Thorpe, S. A. Oceanography: An Illustrated Guide (2nd ed.). London: Manson Publishing. p. 246. ISBN 1-874545-37-5.
  49. ^ Pereyra, R.T.; L. Bergström; L. Kautsky; K. Johannesson (2009). "Rapid speciation in a newly opened postglacial marine environment, the Baltic Sea". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 9 (70): 70. 10.1186/1471-2148-9-70. PMC PMC 2674422. 19335884.
  50. ^ Red List Benthic Invertebrate Expert Group (2013) Parvicardium hauniense. HELCOM. Accessed 27 July 2018.
  51. ^ National Museum Wales (17 April 2017). "Parvicardium hauniense". Marine Bivalve Shells of the British Isles. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  52. ^ "White harbour porpoise sighting in Baltic Sea". 10 June 2015.
  53. ^ Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) - MarLIN, The Marine Life Information Network
  54. ^ "Baltic dolphin sightings confirmed".
  55. ^ About the beluga - Russian Geographical Society
  56. ^ "Orcinus orca (Killer Whale, Orca)". www.iucnredlist.org.
  57. ^ "Rare Sowerby's beaked whale spotted in the Baltic Sea".
  58. ^ "Wieder Finnwal in der Ostsee". Archived from the original on 15 April 2016.
  59. ^ KG, Ostsee-Zeitung GmbH & Co. "Finnwal in der Ostsee gesichtet". www.ostsee-zeitung.de.
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  61. ^ Jansson N.. 2007. ”Vi såg valen i viken”. Aftonbladet. Retrieved on September 7, 2017
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  63. ^ Jones L.M..Swartz L.S.. Leatherwood S.. The Gray Whale: Eschrichtius Robustus. "Eastern Atlantic Specimens". pp 41-44. Academic Press. Retrieved on September 05, 2017
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  65. ^ "North Atlantic right whale".
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Bibliography

  • Alhonen, Pentti (1966). "Baltic Sea". In Fairbridge, Rhodes. The Encyclopedia of Oceanography. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. pp. 87–91.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oossee
Alemannisch: Ostsee
Ænglisc: Ostsǣ
العربية: بحر البلطيق
aragonés: Mar Baltica
arpetan: Mar Baltica
অসমীয়া: বাল্টিক সাগৰ
asturianu: Mar Bálticu
azərbaycanca: Baltik dənizi
Bân-lâm-gú: Baltic Hái
башҡортса: Балтик диңгеҙе
беларуская: Балтыйскае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Балтыйскае мора
भोजपुरी: बाल्टिक सागर
български: Балтийско море
Boarisch: Ostsää
bosanski: Baltičko more
brezhoneg: Mor Baltel
català: Mar Bàltica
Чӑвашла: Балти тинĕсĕ
čeština: Baltské moře
Cymraeg: Y Môr Baltig
Deutsch: Ostsee
dolnoserbski: Baltiske mórjo
español: Mar Báltico
Esperanto: Balta Maro
euskara: Baltikoa
Fiji Hindi: Baltic Sea
føroyskt: Eystrasalt
français: Mer Baltique
Frysk: Eastsee
Gaeilge: Muir Bhailt
Gàidhlig: Am Muir Baltach
galego: Mar Báltico
ГӀалгӀай: Балтикера форд
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Baltic-hói
한국어: 발트해
հայերեն: Բալթիկ ծով
hornjoserbsce: Baltiske morjo
hrvatski: Baltičko more
Ido: Baltiko
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Baltik
interlingua: Mar Baltic
íslenska: Eystrasalt
italiano: Mar Baltico
עברית: הים הבלטי
Basa Jawa: Segara Baltik
ქართული: ბალტიის ზღვა
kaszëbsczi: Bôłt
kernowek: Mor Baltek
Кыргызча: Балтика деңизи
кырык мары: Балти тангыж
latgaļu: Baļtejis jiura
latviešu: Baltijas jūra
Lëtzebuergesch: Baltescht Mier
lietuvių: Baltijos jūra
Limburgs: Ooszee
Lingua Franca Nova: Mar Baltica
Livvinkarjala: Baltiekan meri
la .lojban.: baltik. xamsi
Luganda: Baltic Sea
lumbaart: Mar Baltegh
magyar: Balti-tenger
македонски: Балтичко Море
მარგალური: ბალტიაშ ზუღა
مازِرونی: بالتیک دریا
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Baltik
Mirandés: Mar Báltico
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘောလ်တစ် ပင်လယ်
Nederlands: Oostzee
Nedersaksies: Oostzee
नेपाल भाषा: बाल्टिक सागर
日本語: バルト海
Nordfriisk: Ååstsiie
norsk nynorsk: Austersjøen
occitan: Mar Baltica
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Boltiq dengizi
پنجابی: بالٹک سمندر
Papiamentu: Baltiko
Piemontèis: Mar Bàltich
Plattdüütsch: Oostsee
português: Mar Báltico
română: Marea Baltică
rumantsch: Mar da l'Ost
русиньскый: Балтіцьке море
саха тыла: Балтик байҕал
Seeltersk: Aastsee
sicilianu: Mari Bàlticu
Simple English: Baltic Sea
slovenčina: Baltské more
slovenščina: Baltsko morje
ślůnski: Bałtycke Morze
Soomaaliga: Bada Baldiiqa
српски / srpski: Балтичко море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Baltičko more
suomi: Itämeri
svenska: Östersjön
Tagalog: Dagat Baltiko
tarandíne: Mar Baltiche
татарча/tatarça: Балтыйк диңгезе
Türkçe: Baltık Denizi
Türkmençe: Baltika deňzi
українська: Балтійське море
vèneto: Mar Bàltego
vepsän kel’: Baltijan meri
Tiếng Việt: Biển Baltic
Võro: Õdagumeri
West-Vlams: Baltische Zêe
Winaray: Dagat Baltiko
吴语: 波罗的海
ייִדיש: באלטישער ים
粵語: 波羅的海
žemaitėška: Baltėjės jūra
中文: 波罗的海