Qiriu

A candle burning.
Young Man with a Candle by Michel Gobin

Qiriu është një bllok solid dylli me një fitil të ngulitur, e cili i ndezur siguron dritë , and sometimes heat, and historically was used as a method of keeping time.

A candle manufacturer is traditionally known as a chandler.[1] Various devices have been invented to hold candles, from simple tabletop candle holders, to elaborate chandeliers.[2]

For a candle to burn, a heat source (commonly a naked flame) is used to light the candle's wick, which melts and vaporizes a small amount of fuel, the wax. Once vaporized, the fuel combines with oxygen in the atmosphere to form a flame. This flame provides sufficient heat to keep the candle burning via a self-sustaining chain of events: the heat of the flame melts the top of the mass of solid fuel; the liquefied fuel then moves upward through the wick via capillary action; the liquefied fuel finally vaporizes to burn within the candle's flame.

As the mass of solid fuel is melted and consumed, the candle grows shorter. Portions of the wick that are not emitting vaporized fuel are consumed in the flame. The incineration of the wick limits the exposed length of the wick, thus maintaining a constant burning temperature and rate of fuel consumption. Some wicks require regular trimming with scissors (or a specialized wick trimmer), usually to about one-quarter inch (~0.7 cm), to promote slower, steady burning, and also to prevent smoking. In early times, the wick needed to be trimmed quite frequently, and special candle-scissors, referred to as "snuffers" until the 20th century, were produced for this purpose, often combined with an extinguisher. In modern candles, the wick is constructed so that it curves over as it burns (see picture on the right), so that the end of the wick gets oxygen and is then consumed by fire—a self-trimming wick.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kers
አማርኛ: ሻማ
العربية: شمعة
azərbaycanca: Şam (işıq)
žemaitėška: Žvakė
беларуская: Свечка
български: Свещ
বাংলা: মোমবাতি
brezhoneg: Kantol
català: Espelma
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Iòng-ciók
کوردی: مۆم
čeština: Svíčka
Чӑвашла: Çурта
Cymraeg: Cannwyll
Deutsch: Kerze
English: Candle
Esperanto: Kandelo
eesti: Küünal
euskara: Kandela
فارسی: شمع
suomi: Kynttilä
français: Bougie
Gaeilge: Coinneal
贛語: 蠟燭
galego: Candea
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌻𐌿𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌽
Gaelg: Cainle
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: La̍p-tsuk
עברית: נר
हिन्दी: मोमबत्ती
hrvatski: Svijeća
magyar: Gyertya
Bahasa Indonesia: Lilin
Iñupiak: Patiq
Ido: Kandelo
íslenska: Kerti
日本語: ろうそく
Patois: Kianggl
Basa Jawa: Lilin
қазақша: Балауыз шам
한국어: 양초
Latina: Cereus
Lëtzebuergesch: Käerz
lumbaart: Candela
lietuvių: Žvakė
latviešu: Svece
македонски: Свеќа
മലയാളം: മെഴുകുതിരി
Bahasa Melayu: Lilin
Nedersaksies: Keerse
Nederlands: Kaars
norsk nynorsk: Levande lys
occitan: Candèla
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੋਮਬੱਤੀ
Picard: Candelle
polski: Świeca
português: Vela
Runa Simi: Wariqulli
română: Lumânare
русский: Свеча
sicilianu: Cannila
Scots: Caunle
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sveća
Simple English: Candle
slovenčina: Svieca
slovenščina: Sveča
Soomaaliga: Shumac
српски / srpski: Свећа
Basa Sunda: Lilin
svenska: Levande ljus
Kiswahili: Mshumaa
తెలుగు: కొవ్వొత్తి
Tagalog: Kandila
Türkçe: Mum
українська: Свічка
Tiếng Việt: Nến
West-Vlams: Keise
Winaray: Kandila
ייִדיש: ליכט (לעמפל)
中文: 蜡烛
粵語: 蠟燭