Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan
Flag Emblem
Anthem: 
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
Independent Neutral Turkmenistan State Anthem

Capital
and largest city
Ashgabat
37°58′N 58°20′E / 37°58′N 58°20′E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languages Turkmen
Inter-ethnic
languages
Russian, Uzbek
Ethnic groups (2003)
  • 85% Turkmen
  • 5% Uzbek
  • 4% Russian
  • 6% others
Demonym Turkmen
Government Dominant-party presidential state
 -  President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
 -  Chariman of the Mejlis Akja Nuberdiyeva
Legislature Mejlis
Independence from the Soviet Union
 -  Declared 27 October 1991 
 -  Recognized 25 December 1991 
Area
 -  Total 491,210 km2 [1] ( 52nd)
188,456 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.9
Population
 -  2012 estimate 5,125,693 [2] ( 112th)
 -  Density 10.5/km2 ( 208th)
27.1/sq mi
GDP ( PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $43.359 billion [3]
 -  Per capita $7,846 [3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $25.742 billion [3]
 -  Per capita $4,658 [3]
HDI (2013) 0.698 [4]
medium · 102nd
Currency Turkmen new manat ( TMT)
Time zone TMT ( UTC+5)
 -  Summer ( DST) not observed ( UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +993
Internet TLD .tm

Turkmenistan or Turkmenia is a country in the South-central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran (Persia), Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. It has no ocean coastline, but is on the Caspian Sea. The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashghabad. [5]

Provinces

Turkmenistan is divided into five provinces and one capital city district. The provinces are divided into districts which may be either counties or cities.

Division ISO 3166-2 Capital city Area [6] Pop (2005) [6] Key
Ashgabat City Ashgabat 470 km2 (180 sq mi) 871,500
Ahal Province TM-A Anau 97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi) 939,700 1
Balkan Province TM-B Balkanabat  139,270 km2 (53,770 sq mi) 553,500 2
Daşoguz Province TM-D Daşoguz 73,430 km2 (28,350 sq mi) 1,370,400 3
Lebap Province TM-L Türkmenabat 93,730 km2 (36,190 sq mi) 1,334,500 4
Mary Province TM-M Mary 87,150 km2 (33,650 sq mi) 1,480,400 5
Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Тыркуменистэн
адыгабзэ: Туркменистан
Afrikaans: Turkmenistan
Alemannisch: Turkmenistan
Ænglisc: Turcmenistan
العربية: تركمانستان
aragonés: Turkmenistán
arpetan: Turcmènistan
asturianu: Turkmenistán
azərbaycanca: Türkmənistan
Bân-lâm-gú: Turkmenistan
башҡортса: Төркмәнстан
беларуская: Туркменістан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Туркмэністан
Bikol Central: Turkmenistan
български: Туркменистан
Boarisch: Tuakmenien
bosanski: Turkmenistan
brezhoneg: Turkmenistan
català: Turkmenistan
Чӑвашла: Туркменистан
Cebuano: Turkmenistan
čeština: Turkmenistán
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Turkmenistan
chiShona: Turkmenistan
chiTumbuka: Turkmenistan
Cymraeg: Tyrcmenistan
davvisámegiella: Turkmenistan
Deutsch: Turkmenistan
ދިވެހިބަސް: ތުރުކުމެނިސްތާން
dolnoserbski: Turkmeńska
Ελληνικά: Τουρκμενιστάν
English: Turkmenistan
español: Turkmenistán
Esperanto: Turkmenio
estremeñu: Turkmenistán
euskara: Turkmenistan
eʋegbe: Turkmenistan
فارسی: ترکمنستان
Fiji Hindi: Turkmenistan
føroyskt: Turkmenistan
français: Turkménistan
Gàidhlig: Turcmanastàn
Gĩkũyũ: Turkmenistan
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: तुर्कमेनिस्तान
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Turkmenistan
хальмг: Йомудин Орн
Հայերեն: Թուրքմենստան
hornjoserbsce: Turkmenistan
hrvatski: Turkmenistan
Ilokano: Turkmenistan
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: তুর্কমেনিস্তান
Bahasa Indonesia: Turkmenistan
interlingua: Turkmenistan
Interlingue: Turkmenistan
íslenska: Túrkmenistan
italiano: Turkmenistan
Basa Jawa: Turkménistan
Kapampangan: Turkmenistan
ქართული: თურქმენეთი
kaszëbsczi: Turkmenistan
қазақша: Түрікменстан
kernowek: Pow Turkmen
Kinyarwanda: Turukimenisitani
Kiswahili: Turkmenistan
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tirkmenistan
Kurdî: Tirkmenistan
Кыргызча: Түркмөнстан
Ladino: Turkmenistan
لۊری شومالی: تورکأمأنئستان
Latina: Turcomannia
latviešu: Turkmenistāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Turkmenistan
lietuvių: Turkmėnija
Ligure: Turkmenistan
Limburgs: Turkmenistan
lingála: Turkmenistáni
Livvinkarjala: Turkmenistuanu
lumbaart: Turkmenistan
македонски: Туркменистан
მარგალური: თურქმენეთი
مازِرونی: ترکمونستون
Bahasa Melayu: Turkmenistan
Baso Minangkabau: Turkmenistan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Turkmenistan
Nāhuatl: Turcmenistan
Dorerin Naoero: Turkmenistan
Nederlands: Turkmenistan
नेपाल भाषा: तर्कमेनिस्तान
нохчийн: Туркмени
Nordfriisk: Turkmenistan
Norfuk / Pitkern: Terkmenistaan
norsk nynorsk: Turkmenistan
Novial: Turkmenistan
occitan: Turcmenistan
олык марий: Туркменистан
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Turkmaniston
پنجابی: ترکمانستان
Papiamentu: Turkmenistan
ភាសាខ្មែរ: តួរមិនីស្ថាន
Piemontèis: Turkmenistan
Plattdüütsch: Turkmenistan
polski: Turkmenistan
português: Turquemenistão
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tu'rkmenistan
qırımtatarca: Türkmenistan
română: Turkmenistan
Runa Simi: Turkminsuyu
русиньскый: Туркменістан
русский: Туркмения
саха тыла: Түркменистаан
संस्कृतम्: तुर्कमिनिस्थान
sicilianu: Turkmenistan
SiSwati: IThumekhi
slovenčina: Turkménsko
slovenščina: Turkmenistan
ślůnski: Turkmyńistan
Soomaaliga: Turkmenistan
српски / srpski: Туркменистан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Turkmenistan
Basa Sunda: Turkménistan
svenska: Turkmenistan
Tagalog: Turkmenistan
татарча/tatarça: Төрекмәнстан
Türkçe: Türkmenistan
Türkmençe: Türkmenistan
удмурт: Туркмения
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Turkmenistan
українська: Туркменістан
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تۈركمەنىستان
vepsän kel’: Turkmenistan
Tiếng Việt: Turkmenistan
Volapük: Turkmenän
West-Vlams: Turkmenistan
Winaray: Turkmenistan
粵語: 土庫曼
Zeêuws: Toerkmenistan
žemaitėška: Torkmienėstans