Motto: حرية، نظام، عدالة
"Ḥurriyyah, Niẓām, ‘Adālah"
"Liberty, Order, Justice"
Anthem: "Humat al-Hima"
"Defenders of the Homeland"
and largest city
• from France
|March 20, 1956|
|163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (|
• Water (%)
• Apr 2, 2017 estimate
• 2011 census
|63/km2 (163.2/sq mi) (133rd (2005))|
|Currency||Tunisian dinar (|
• Summer (
Since history has been recorded, there were
When the Roman Empire became weak, the Vandals occupied that region. This was in the 5th Century AD, and one hundred years after that, it became under the control of the Byzantine emperor Justinian.
In the 7th Century, it was re-conquered by the
After a brief occupation of Tunisia by the
In 1705, Tunisia became virtually independent during the
Hussein dynasty, but still had to follow orders from the
Some controversial financial decisions (money-lending) taken by the Bey in mid-1800s in an attempt to repair the country led Tunisia to become under the control of
Major operations during the second world war took place in Tunisia.
General Rommel, the German leader in Africa, wished to defeat the allies in Tunisia, as the Germans had done in the
On February 19, 1943, General Rommel launched an attack against the U.S. Forces. That was a disaster for the United States. The area where the attacks had been, in the western area of Tunisia, became the site of many US war graves .
After that, the Allies understood the importance of tank warfare, and they easily broke into the German lines in southern Tunisia on March 20, 1943.
Tunisia became independent in 1956 and Habib Bourguiba became the first president. In 1957 it became a republic. Bourguiba focused on education and economic development. He was quite supportive of women's rights. However, he had a cult of personality around him and most of the power in the country was held by Bourguiba.
In 1987, Bourguiba was removed from power by