Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik
Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!
(Translit.: Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'!)
The Soviet Union after
and largest city
|Head of State|
|Mikhail Kalinin (first)|
|Head of Government|
|Soviet of the Union|
|Soviet of Nationalities|
• Treaty of Creation
|30 December 1917|
|26 December 1991|
|1991||22,402,200 km2 (8,649,500 sq mi)|
1On 21 December 1991, eleven of the former socialist republics declared in Alma-Ata (with the 12th republic –
2Assigned on 19 September 1990, existing onwards.
3The governments of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania view themselves as continuous and unrelated to the respective Soviet republics.
Russia views the Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian SSR's as legal constituent republics of the USSR and predecessors of the modern Baltic states.
The Government of the
The Soviet Union (short for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or USSR)  was a
The Soviet Union was created about five years after the
The Union was formed with the professed idea to give everyone equal social and economic rights. There was virtually no private property - everything belonged to the state. 'Soviets', or workers' councils were created to speak for the workers, and served as an elite group to govern them. It was successful in many fields; putting the first man and satellite into space and winning World War II alongside the United States and
From 2013, the document that confirmed the dissolution of the Soviet Union is missing.
|Date||English Name||Local Name||Remarks|
|January 1||Новый Год|
|March 8||Международный Женский День|
|May 1-May 2||Первое Мая - День Международной Солидарности Трудящихся|
|May 9||День Победы||Defeat of |
|October 7||Constitution Day||День Конституции||since 1978|
|November 7||Great October Socialist Revolution||Седьмое Ноября|