South Sudan
English: South Sudan

Republic of South Sudan

Coat of arms of South Sudan
Coat of arms
Motto: "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity"
Anthem: "South Sudan Oyee!"

South Sudan (orthographic projection).svg
Location of South Sudan
Capital
and largest city
Juba
04°51′N 31°36′E / 04°51′N 31°36′E / 4.850; 31.600
Official languagesEnglish[1][2]
Recognised national languages
  • Bari
  • Dinka
  • Luo
  • Murle
  • Nuer
  • Zande
and around 60 other languages
[note 1]
Demonym(s)South Sudanese
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
[[yok kek nguan]]
Reat Nhial Tuany
Taban Deng Gai
LegislatureNational Legislature
Council of States
National Legislative Assembly
Establishment
1 January 1956
• Comprehensive Peace Agreement
6 January 2005
• Autonomy
9 July 2005
• Independence from Sudan
9 July 2011
• United Nations admission
13 July 2011
Area
• Total
619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi) (41st)
Population
• 2016 estimate
12,230,730[4]
• 2008 census
8,260,490 (disputed)[5] (94th)
• Density
13.33/km2 (34.5/sq mi) (214th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$20.038 billion[6]
• Per capita
$1,525[6]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$3.618 billion[6]
• Per capita
$275[6]
Gini (2009)45.5[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Decrease 0.418[8]
low · 181st
CurrencySouth Sudanese pound (SSP)
Time zoneUTC+3 (East Africa Time)
Driving sideright
Calling code+211[9]
ISO 3166 codeSS
Internet TLD.ss[10]a
  1. Registered, but not yet operational.

South Sudan is a country in Africa. Its official name is the Republic of South Sudan.[11] It used to be a part of Sudan. A civil war began in 2013.

The landlocked country is bordered by Ethiopia to the east; Kenya to the southeast; Uganda to the south; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest; the Central African Republic to the west; and the Republic of Sudan to the north. South Sudan includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd formed by the White Nile, locally called the Bahr al Jabal.

History

What is now South Sudan was once part of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. This part of the British Empire became the Republic of Sudan when independence was achieved in 1956. After the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon developed and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. Later that year, the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011 at midnight local time,[12][13] after a referendum held in January 2011. In the referendum, nearly 99% of voters wanted to separate from the rest of Sudan.[14]

The United Nations Security Council met on 13 July 2011 to formally discuss membership for the Republic of South Sudan. The next day, 14 July 2011, South Sudan became a United Nations member state.[15][16] South Sudan has also applied to join the Commonwealth of Nations,[17] the East African Community,[18][19] the Intergovernmental Authority on Development,[20] the International Monetary Fund,[21] and the World Bank.[22] The country was declared eligible to apply for membership in the Arab League as well.[23]

At the 2012 Summer Olympics, one athlete from South Sudan competed under the flag of the International Olympic Committee.[24] In 2013 a civil war broke out.

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Къыблэ Судан
Afrikaans: Suid-Soedan
Alemannisch: Südsudan
አማርኛ: ደቡብ ሱዳን
Ænglisc: Sūþsudan
العربية: جنوب السودان
aragonés: Sudán d'o Sud
asturianu: Sudán del Sur
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Sudan
تۆرکجه: جنوبی سودان
bamanankan: Worodugu Sudan
Bân-lâm-gú: Lâm Sudan
башҡортса: Көньяҡ Судан
беларуская: Паўднёвы Судан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўднёвы Судан
भोजपुरी: दक्खिन सूडान
Bikol Central: Habagatan Sudan
български: Южен Судан
bosanski: Južni Sudan
brezhoneg: Soudan ar Su
буряад: Урда Судан
català: Sudan del Sud
Чӑвашла: Кăнтăр Судан
čeština: Jižní Súdán
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Sudán del Sur
chiShona: South Sudan
Cymraeg: De Swdan
dansk: Sydsudan
davvisámegiella: Lulli-Sudan
Deutsch: Südsudan
dolnoserbski: Pódpołdnjowy Sudan
Ελληνικά: Νότιο Σουδάν
English: South Sudan
español: Sudán del Sur
Esperanto: Sud-Sudano
estremeñu: Sudán del Sul
euskara: Hego Sudan
eʋegbe: Anyiehe Sudã
føroyskt: Suðursudan
français: Soudan du Sud
Gàidhlig: Sudàn a Deas
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nàm Sudan
한국어: 남수단
hornjoserbsce: Južny Sudan
hrvatski: Južni Sudan
Bahasa Indonesia: Sudan Selatan
interlingua: Sudan del Sud
Interlingue: Sud-Sudan
íslenska: Suður-Súdan
italiano: Sudan del Sud
Kapampangan: Mauling Sudan
kernowek: Soudan Soth
Kiswahili: Sudan Kusini
kriyòl gwiyannen: Soudan di Sid
Кыргызча: Түштүк Судан
кырык мары: Кечӹвӓлвел Судан
لۊری شومالی: سۊدان هارگٱ
latviešu: Dienvidsudāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Südsudan
lietuvių: Pietų Sudanas
Ligure: Sudan do Sud
Limburgs: Zuid-Soedan
Lingua Franca Nova: Sudan Sude
Livvinkarjala: Suvi Sudan
Luganda: South Sudan
lumbaart: Süd Sudan
magyar: Dél-Szudán
македонски: Јужен Судан
Malagasy: Sodàna Atsimo
მარგალური: ობჟათე სუდანი
مازِرونی: جنوبی سودان
Bahasa Melayu: Sudan Selatan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nàng Sudan
Dorerin Naoero: South Sudan
Nederlands: Zuid-Soedan
Nedersaksies: Zuudsoedan
日本語: 南スーダン
нохчийн: Къилба Судан
Nordfriisk: Süüdsudaan
Norfuk / Pitkern: Sowth Sudan
norsk: Sør-Sudan
norsk nynorsk: Sør-Sudan
occitan: Sodan del Sud
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Janubiy Sudan
پنجابی: دکھن سوڈان
Patois: Sout Sudan
Перем Коми: Лунвыв Судан
Plattdüütsch: Süüdsudan
português: Sudão do Sul
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qubla Sudan
qırımtatarca: Cenübiy Sudan
Ripoarisch: Südsudan
română: Sudanul de Sud
rumantsch: Sudan dal Sid
Runa Simi: Urin Sudan
русский: Южный Судан
Sakizaya: South sudan
Seeltersk: Suud-Sudan
Sesotho: Sudan Borwa
sicilianu: Sudan dû Sud
slovenčina: Južný Sudán
slovenščina: Južni Sudan
Soomaaliga: Koonfur Suudaan
српски / srpski: Јужни Судан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južni Sudan
svenska: Sydsudan
Tagalog: Timog Sudan
tarandíne: Sudan d'u Sud
татарча/tatarça: Көньяк Судан
Türkçe: Güney Sudan
Türkmençe: Günorta Sudan
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Paguot Thudän
українська: Південний Судан
Vahcuengh: Namz Sudan
vèneto: Sud Sudan
vepsän kel’: Suvisudan
Tiếng Việt: Nam Sudan
Volapük: Sulüda-Sudän
文言: 南蘇丹
吴语: 南蘇丹
Xitsonga: Sudan-Dzonga
ייִדיש: דרום סודאן
Yorùbá: Gúúsù Sudan
粵語: 南蘇丹
Zeêuws: Zuud-Soedan
žemaitėška: Pėitū Sodans
中文: 南蘇丹