South Korea
English: South Korea

Republic of Korea

  • 대한민국
    大韓民國
  • Daehan Minguk
Centered taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon
Emblem
Motto: 
"홍익인간" ("弘益人間")
"Benefit broadly in the human world /
Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity"
[1]
Anthem: 
"애국가" ("愛國歌")
"Aegukga"
"Patriotic Song"
Seal:
  • 대한민국의 국장
    National Seal of the Republic of Korea
    Seal of South Korea.svg
Land controlled by South Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
Land controlled by South Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Seoul
37°33′N 126°58′E / 37°33′N 126°58′E / 37.550; 126.967
Official languagesKorean
Korean Sign Language[2]
Official scriptKorean
Ethnic groups
Predominantly Korean. No official statistics[a]
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Moon Jae-in
Lee Nak-yeon
• Speaker of the National Assembly
Moon Hee-sang
• Chief Justice
Kim Myeong-soo
• President of the Constitutional Court
Yoo Nam-seok
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment history
• Kingdom
October 3, 2333 BC[b]
• Joseon
194 BC
18 BC
• North-South Kingdoms
698
• Unification by Goryeo dynasty
936
July 17, 1392
October 12, 1897
• Japan-Korea Treaty
August 29, 1910
• March 1st Movement
March 1, 1919
• Provisional Government
September 11, 1919
• Liberation from Japan
August 15, 1945
• Republic
August 15, 1948
February 25, 1988
• Admitted to the United Nations
September 17, 1991
Area
• Total
100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi) (107th)
• Water (%)
0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase51,446,201[6][7] (27th)
• Density
507/km2 (1,313.1/sq mi) (23rd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$2.241 trillion[8] (14th)
• Per capita
$43,212[8] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.699 trillion[8] (11th)
• Per capita
$32,766[8] (28th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 35.7[9]
medium · 93rd
HDI (2017)Increase 0.903[10]
very high · 22nd
CurrencyKorean Republic won (₩) (KRW)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Date format
  • yyyy년 m월 d일
  • yyyy. m. d. (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+82
ISO 3166 codeKR
Internet TLD

South Korea is a country in the southern part of the Korean peninsula, in the north east region of Asia. The capital city is Seoul. The official name of South Korea is the Republic of Korea in English, 대한민국 (Daehan Minguk) in Korean writing (Hangeul), and 大韓民國 in Chinese characters (Hanja). About half of the country's people live in its capital city, Seoul, or near the city in the metropolitan area. Korea's Seoul metropolitan area is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. In fact, some sources say it is the second most populous after Tokyo, Japan.[11]

History

South Korea's history began with Dangunwanggeom's Gojoseon. Gojoseon was conquered by Han China. After Gojoseon collapsed, there were a lot of countries such as Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongyae and Samhan. But Baekje, Goguryeo and Silla were the strongest. So their period began, and it is called the Three Kingdoms Period. Goguryeo and Baekje were conquered by Silla and Dang China's allied forces, and Silla unified the three kingdoms. There was another country, Balhae. Balhae was founded by Dae Jo-Young. Later Silla and Balhae's period is called South and North Countries Period. A rebellion in Later Silla caused the birth of a new nation: Goryeo, which was founded by Wanggeon. Mongolia's invaded Goryeo. Near the end of the Goryeo period, there was a great general Lee Seong-Gye. The king of Goryeo directed him to occupy Yodong, but he opposed. However, Lee Seong-Gye went to Yodong to occupy it, but he returned to Goryeo and he revolted. His revolt succeeded, and he founded the country Joseon. Joseon's first king, Taejo, moved the capital to Hanyang (Seoul). Joseon's fourth king, Sejong, made the Korean alphabet, Hangeul. Joseon's twenty-second king, Jeongjo, built Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon. Joseon's twenty-sixth king, Gojong, changed the country's name to Daehanjeguk. When Daehanjaeguk's power weakened, Japan occupied it for 35 years until Japan's defeat in World War II in 1945. In 1950, there was a big war, the Korean War. As a result, Korea was split into two countries, North and South.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suid-Korea
Alemannisch: Südkorea
አማርኛ: ደቡብ ኮርያ
Ænglisc: Sūþcorēa
aragonés: Coreya d'o Sud
arpetan: Corê du Sud
asturianu: Corea del Sur
Avañe'ẽ: Ñemby Koréa
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Koreya
تۆرکجه: جنوبی کوره
Bân-lâm-gú: Tāi-hân Bîn-kok
башҡортса: Көньяҡ Корея
беларуская: Паўднёвая Карэя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рэспубліка Карэя
Bikol Central: Sur nin Korea
Bislama: Saot Koria
български: Южна Корея
Boarisch: Sidkorea
bosanski: Južna Koreja
brezhoneg: Republik Korea
català: Corea del Sud
čeština: Jižní Korea
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Corea del Sur
chiShona: South Korea
chiTumbuka: South Korea
Cymraeg: De Corea
dansk: Sydkorea
davvisámegiella: Lulli-Korea
Deutsch: Südkorea
ދިވެހިބަސް: ދެކުނު ކޮރެއާ
dolnoserbski: Pódpołdnjowa Koreja
Ελληνικά: Νότια Κορέα
English: South Korea
español: Corea del Sur
Esperanto: Sud-Koreio
estremeñu: Corea del Sul
euskara: Hego Korea
eʋegbe: South Korea
فارسی: کره جنوبی
Fiji Hindi: South Korea
føroyskt: Suðurkorea
français: Corée du Sud
Gàidhlig: Coirèa a Deas
galego: Corea do Sur
贛語: 韓國
Gĩkũyũ: South Korea
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: दक्षिण कोरिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thai-hòn Mìn-koet
한국어: 대한민국
Hawaiʻi: Kōlea Hema
hornjoserbsce: Južna Koreja
hrvatski: Južna Koreja
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: খা কোরিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Korea Selatan
interlingua: Corea del Sud
Interlingue: Sud-Korea
Iñupiak: Natiq Korea
íslenska: Suður-Kórea
italiano: Corea del Sud
kalaallisut: Korea Kujalleq
Kapampangan: Mauling Korea
къарачай-малкъар: Корея Республика
kaszëbsczi: Repùblika Kòreji
kernowek: Korea Dhyhow
Kiswahili: Korea Kusini
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kore disid
Кыргызча: Түштүк Корея
لۊری شومالی: کورٱ هارگٱ
latviešu: Dienvidkoreja
Lëtzebuergesch: Republik Korea
lietuvių: Pietų Korėja
Ligure: Corea do Sud
Limburgs: Zuud-Korea
lingála: Koré ya Súdi
Lingua Franca Nova: Corea Sude
Livvinkarjala: Suvi-Korea
la .lojban.: snanu zei .xanguk
lumbaart: Curea del Süd
magyar: Dél-Korea
македонски: Јужна Кореја
Malagasy: Korea Atsimo
მარგალური: ობჟათე კორეა
مازِرونی: جنوبی کره
Bahasa Melayu: Korea Selatan
Minangkabau: Korea Salatan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dâi-hàng Mìng-guók
Dorerin Naoero: Ripubrikin Korea
Nederlands: Zuid-Korea
Nedersaksies: Zuud-Korea
नेपाल भाषा: दक्षिण कोरिया
日本語: 大韓民国
Napulitano: Corea d''o Sud
нохчийн: Къилба Корей
Nordfriisk: Süüdkorea
Norfuk / Pitkern: Sowth Koriya
norsk: Sør-Korea
norsk nynorsk: Sør-Korea
Nouormand: Corée du Sud
Novial: Sud Korea
олык марий: Кечывалвел Корей
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Koreya Respublikasi
پنجابی: دکھنی کوریا
Papiamentu: Sur Korea
Patois: Sout Koria
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កូរ៉េខាងត្បូង
Piemontèis: Coréa dël Sud
Tok Pisin: Saut Koria
Plattdüütsch: Süüdkorea
português: Coreia do Sul
Qaraqalpaqsha: Koreya Respublikası
qırımtatarca: Cenübiy Koreya
română: Coreea de Sud
romani čhib: Sudutni Koreya
rumantsch: Corea dal Sid
Runa Simi: Tayhan Republika
русиньскый: Южна Корея
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Kolea i Saute
संस्कृतम्: दक्षिणकोरिया
sicilianu: Corea dû Sud
slovenščina: Južna Koreja
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Корєꙗ Димократїꙗ
Soomaaliga: Koonfur Kuuriya
српски / srpski: Јужна Кореја
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južna Koreja
svenska: Sydkorea
Tagalog: Timog Korea
Taqbaylit: Kurya n Wenẓul
tarandíne: Coree d'u Sud
татарча/tatarça: Көньяк Корея
ትግርኛ: ደቡብ ኮርያ
Türkçe: Güney Kore
тыва дыл: Мурнуу Корея
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Korea Selatan
українська: Південна Корея
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كورىيە
Vahcuengh: Hanzgoz
vèneto: Corea del Sud
vepsän kel’: Korejan Tazovaldkund
Tiếng Việt: Hàn Quốc
文言: 大韓民國
West-Vlams: Zuud-Korea
吴语: 大韩民国
Xitsonga: Korea Dzonga
ייִדיש: דרום קארעע
粵語: 大韓民國
Zeêuws: Zuud-Korea
žemaitėška: Pėitū Kuoriejė
中文: 大韩民国
kriyòl gwiyannen: Koré di Sid
Sakizaya: Korea, south