|Republic of Sierra Leone|
Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Justice"
Anthem: High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free
and largest city
|Vernacular||Mende, Temne, Krio|
|Ernest Bai Koroma (APC)|
• Vice President
|Alhaji Samuel Sam-Sumana (APC)|
• Speaker of Parliament
|Abel Nathaniel Bankole Stronge (APC)|
• Chief Justice
|Haja Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh|
|Legislature||House of Parliament of Sierra Leone|
• from the
|27 April 1961|
|19 April 1971|
|71,740 km2 (27,700 sq mi) (|
• Water (%)
|6.3 million (2008 estimate) |
• 2004 census
|79.4/km2 (205.6/sq mi) ()|
• Per capita
• Per capita
1 Rank based on 2007 figures.
The country was first made as a place where freed slaves could live. From
There are 71,740 square kilometres of land in Sierra; In terms of land area it is similar in size to
Sierra Leone has relied on
Mount Bintumani reaches 1,948 m (6,391 ft). It is the highest point in the country.
The climate is hot, tropical and humid all year round, with two seasons. The rainy season is from May to November, and the dry season is from December to May.
March & April are the hottest months and daytime temperatures are around 38°C (100°F) - 41°C (106°F) with a solid 82% humidity. Night time temperatures do not vary a lot and may fluctuate by 2°C - 4°C.
December and January are prefably the best times to visit Sierra Leone as temperatures and humidity are much lower and reasonable due to the hammattan breeze from the sahara desert, although afternoon temperatures can still climb up to 40°C and above, the hammattan breeze stops it from getting too humid, even though it will still be hot, humidity would be can be lowered down to 39% meaning you'll sweat less during this time than you would when the climate goes back to it's original state, so therefore the heat would be more endurable especially around coastal areas.
When the hammattan breeze has lowered the heat and the humidity to it's base, the highest average daily temperature in December and January will only reach a maximum of 31°C (88°F) and night time temperatures will be 24°C (75°F), although it can seldomly drop down to 21°C (70°F) at night, and sometimes in the morning which is the lowest the temperature can get. During this time, humidity is 70% & it is pleasantly warm and enjoyable.
The rainy season from May-November, average temperatures are 27°C (81°F) - 29°C (84°F) with humidity 95% - 100%. Some days when it doesn't rain, temperatures can climb up to 32°C (90°F) and humidity can be moderate around 75%. Rainfall can be torrential, so if you're travelling to Sierra Leone around this time of the year, it is advisable to bring water proof clothing as it can rain for a whole week without interuption from sunlight.
The largest cities in Sierra Leone are: