Sierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone
Coat of Arms of Sierra Leone
Coat of Arms
Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Justice"
Anthem: High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free
Sierra Leone  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Freetown
Official languagesEnglish
VernacularMende, Temne, Krio
DemonymSierra Leonean
GovernmentUnitary presidential Constitutional republic
• President
Ernest Bai Koroma (APC)
• Vice President
Alhaji Samuel Sam-Sumana (APC)
• Speaker of Parliament
Abel Nathaniel Bankole Stronge (APC)
• Chief Justice
Haja Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh
LegislatureHouse of Parliament of Sierra Leone
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
27 April 1961
• Republic declared
19 April 1971
Area
• Total
71,740 km2 (27,700 sq mi) (119th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• Estimate
6.3 million (2008 estimate) [1][2][3][4][5][6]
• 2004 census
4,976,871
• Density
79.4/km2 (205.6/sq mi) ()
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$4.837 billion[1]
• Per capita
$780[1]
GDP (nominal)2009 estimate
• Total
$1.877 billion[1]
• Per capita
$311[1]
Gini (2003)62.9
very high
HDI (2011)Increase 0.336
low · 180th
CurrencyLeone (SLL)
Time zoneGMT (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code232
ISO 3166 codeSL
Internet TLD.sl
1 Rank based on 2007 figures.

Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. Its capital is Freetown. The official language is English.

The country was first made as a place where freed slaves could live. From 1991 until 2000, there was a civil war in Sierra Leone between rebels and the government. The war is now over. Sierra Leone is known for its blood diamonds. These were mined and sold during the civil war. This was in order to buy the weapons for the civil war.[2]

There are 71,740 square kilometres of land in Sierra; In terms of land area it is similar in size to Ireland.

Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country is among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, and a major producer of gold. The country has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile. Sierra Leone is also home to the third largest natural harbour in the world. Shipping from all over the globe goes to Freetown's famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. Despite this natural wealth, 70% of its people live in poverty.[3]

Sierra Leone is a mostly Muslim country.[4][5][6]

The country has 2,090 known species of higher plants, 147 mammals, 626 birds, 67 reptiles, 35 amphibians, and 99 fish species.

Geography and climate

The country is bordered by Guinea to the north and northeast, Liberia to the south and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.[7]

Mount Bintumani reaches 1,948 m (6,391 ft). It is the highest point in the country.

The climate is hot, tropical and humid all year round, with two seasons. The rainy season is from May to November, and the dry season is from December to May.

March & April are the hottest months and daytime temperatures are around 38°C (100°F) - 41°C (106°F) with a solid 82% humidity. Night time temperatures do not vary a lot and may fluctuate by 2°C - 4°C.

December and January are prefably the best times to visit Sierra Leone as temperatures and humidity are much lower and reasonable due to the hammattan breeze from the sahara desert, although afternoon temperatures can still climb up to 40°C and above, the hammattan breeze stops it from getting too humid, even though it will still be hot, humidity would be can be lowered down to 39% meaning you'll sweat less during this time than you would when the climate goes back to it's original state, so therefore the heat would be more endurable especially around coastal areas.

When the hammattan breeze has lowered the heat and the humidity to it's base, the highest average daily temperature in December and January will only reach a maximum of 31°C (88°F) and night time temperatures will be 24°C (75°F), although it can seldomly drop down to 21°C (70°F) at night, and sometimes in the morning which is the lowest the temperature can get. During this time, humidity is 70% & it is pleasantly warm and enjoyable.

The rainy season from May-November, average temperatures are 27°C (81°F) - 29°C (84°F) with humidity 95% - 100%. Some days when it doesn't rain, temperatures can climb up to 32°C (90°F) and humidity can be moderate around 75%. Rainfall can be torrential, so if you're travelling to Sierra Leone around this time of the year, it is advisable to bring water proof clothing as it can rain for a whole week without interuption from sunlight.

Largest cities

The largest cities in Sierra Leone are:

  1. Freetown 1,070,200
  2. [7]
  3. [8]
  4. [9]
  5. [10]
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sierra Leone
Alemannisch: Sierra Leone
አማርኛ: ሴየራ ሌዎን
العربية: سيراليون
aragonés: Sierra Leone
arpetan: Siérra Leone
asturianu: Sierra Lleona
Avañe'ẽ: Siérra Leõ
azərbaycanca: Syerra-Leone
تۆرکجه: سیرالئون
bamanankan: Sera Leon
Bahasa Banjar: Sierra Leone
Bân-lâm-gú: Sierra Leone
башҡортса: Сьерра-Леоне
беларуская: Сьера-Леонэ
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьера-Леонэ
भोजपुरी: सिएरा लियोन
Bikol Central: Sierra Leona
български: Сиера Леоне
bosanski: Sijera Leone
brezhoneg: Sierra Leone
català: Sierra Leone
Cebuano: Sierra Leone
čeština: Sierra Leone
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Sierra Leona
chiShona: Sierra Leone
Cymraeg: Sierra Leone
davvisámegiella: Sierra Leone
Deutsch: Sierra Leone
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސެރެލިއޯން
dolnoserbski: Sierra Leone
Ελληνικά: Σιέρα Λεόνε
English: Sierra Leone
español: Sierra Leona
Esperanto: Sieraleono
estremeñu: Sierra Leona
euskara: Sierra Leona
eʋegbe: Sira Liɔ̃
فارسی: سیرالئون
Fiji Hindi: Sierra Leone
føroyskt: Sierra Leona
français: Sierra Leone
Fulfulde: Sarliyon
Gaeilge: Siarra Leon
Gagauz: Syerra Leone
Gàidhlig: Siarra Leòmhann
galego: Serra Leoa
Gĩkũyũ: Sierra Leone
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sierra Leone
한국어: 시에라리온
Հայերեն: Սիերա Լեոնե
hornjoserbsce: Sierra Leone
hrvatski: Sijera Leone
Ilokano: Sierra Leone
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সিয়েরা লিওন
Bahasa Indonesia: Sierra Leone
Interlingue: Sierra Leone
isiZulu: ISiera Liyoni
íslenska: Síerra Leóne
italiano: Sierra Leone
Basa Jawa: Siérra Léoné
Kapampangan: Sierra Leone
ქართული: სიერა-ლეონე
қазақша: Сиерра-Леоне
kernowek: Sierra Leon
Kinyarwanda: Siyera Lewone
Kiswahili: Sierra Leone
Kreyòl ayisyen: Syera Leòn
kurdî: Sierra Leone
Кыргызча: Сьерра-Леоне
кырык мары: Сьерра-Леоне
Ladino: Sierra Leona
لۊری شومالی: سیرالئون
latviešu: Sjerraleone
Lëtzebuergesch: Sierra Leone
lietuvių: Siera Leonė
Ligure: Særa Lion
Limburgs: Sierra Leone
lingála: Sierra Leone
Livvinkarjala: Sierra Leone
la .lojban.: sieras. leon
Luganda: Sierra Leone
lumbaart: Sierra Leone
magyar: Sierra Leone
македонски: Сиера Леоне
Malagasy: Sierra Leone
മലയാളം: സീറാ ലിയോൺ
მარგალური: სიერა-ლეონე
مازِرونی: سیرالئون
Bahasa Melayu: Sierra Leone
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sierra Leone
Nāhuatl: Sierra Leona
Nederlands: Sierra Leone
Nedersaksies: Sierra Leone
नेपाली: सिएरा लिओन
नेपाल भाषा: सिएरा लियोन
нохчийн: Сьерра-Леоне
Nordfriisk: Sierra Leone
norsk nynorsk: Sierra Leone
Novial: Siera Leone
occitan: Sierra Leone
Oromoo: Seraa Liyoon
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Syerra-Leone
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਏਰਾ ਲਿਓਨ
پنجابی: سیرالیون
Papiamentu: Serra Leoa
Patois: Siera Lyuon
Piemontèis: Sierra Leone
Tok Pisin: Sierra Leone
Plattdüütsch: Sierra Leone
polski: Sierra Leone
português: Serra Leoa
Qaraqalpaqsha: Serra-Leone
qırımtatarca: Syerra Leone
română: Sierra Leone
Runa Simi: Liyun Urqu
русский: Сьерра-Леоне
саха тыла: Сьерра Леоне
संस्कृतम्: सियारा-लियोन
Sängö: Sierä-Leône
Seeltersk: Sierra Leone
Sesotho: Sierra Leone
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sierra Leone
sicilianu: Serra Liuni
slovenčina: Sierra Leone
slovenščina: Sierra Leone
ślůnski: Sierra Leone
Soomaaliga: Sierra Leone
کوردی: سیەرالیۆن
српски / srpski: Сијера Леоне
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sijera Leone
Basa Sunda: Sierra Leone
svenska: Sierra Leone
Tagalog: Sierra Leone
Taqbaylit: Sierra Leone
татарча/tatarça: Сьерра-Леоне
Türkçe: Sierra Leone
Türkmençe: Sýerra-Leone
українська: Сьєрра-Леоне
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سيېررا لېئونې
vèneto: Siera Leon
vepsän kel’: Sjerra Leone
Tiếng Việt: Sierra Leone
Volapük: Sieraleonän
文言: 塞拉利昂
Winaray: Sierra Leone
吴语: 塞拉利昂
Xitsonga: Siyera Liyona
ייִדיש: סיערע לעאנע
粵語: 塞拉利昂
Zazaki: Sierra Leone
Zeêuws: Sierra Leone
žemaitėška: Siera Leuonė
中文: 塞拉利昂
Lingua Franca Nova: Siera Leon