Romania
English: Romania

Romania

România
Anthem: Deşteaptă-te, române!
Awaken thee, Romanian!

Location of Romania (dark green):      on the European continent (incl. the EU)     in the European Union
Location of Romania (dark green):      on the European continent (incl. the EU)     in the European Union
Largest cityBucharest
Official languagesRomanian
Ethnic groups
(2002)
89.5% Romanians
6.6% Hungarians
2.5% Roma
2% other minorities[1]
Demonym(s)Romanian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Klaus Iohannis
Ludovic Orban
Teodor Meleșcanu
Marcel Ciolacu
LegislatureParlamentul României
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
• Little Union1
January 24, 1859
1877/1878
• Great Union3
December 1, 1918
Area
• Total
238,391 km2 (92,043 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
3
Population
• 2011 census
19,042,936[2]
• Density
79/km2 (204.6/sq mi) (104th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$481.453 billion[3] (46th)
• Per capita
$26,368[4] (73rd)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$206.319 billion[5] (48th)
• Per capita
$15,643[6] (48th)
Gini (2008)32[7]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.781[8]
high · 47th
CurrencyRomanian leu4 (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.ro5
1 The Little Union refers to the double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Wallachia and Moldavia (January 5, respectively January 24, 1859).
2 Independence proclaimed on May 9, 1877, internationally recognized in 1878.
3 The Great Union was the union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918 and the creation of Greater Romania.
4 The leu was redenominated on July 1, 2005. As of that date 10,000 (old) lei (ROL) = 1 (new) leu (RON).
5 The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Romania (old spelling: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, IPA: [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country in southeastern Europe.[9] It is north of the Balkan Peninsula, on the Lower Danube River. Part of Romania is circled by the Carpathian Mountains. It also has a border on the Black Sea.[10] Most of the Danube Delta is found inside Romania. Romania shares borders with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine to the far northeast, the Republic of Moldova to the near northeast, and Bulgaria to the south.

Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state. It was created when Moldavia and Wallachia joined together in 1859. It was given its independence in the Treaty of Berlin of 1878. At the end of World War II, some of its land (close by what is now known as Moldova) was occupied by the USSR. After the Iron Curtain fell in 1989 Romania was liberated from the communist regime. During the 2000s, Romania made changes to the country, such as reform the democratic system, human rights acts, freedom of speech acts, economy and law. That let Romania join the European Union on January 1, 2007.

Romania has the 9th biggest area of land and the 7th biggest population (with 19 million people[2]) of the European Union member states. The capital and biggest city in Romania is Bucharest (Romanian: București /bu.kuˈreʃtʲ/ ), with a population of 1.6 million. One of the cities in Transylvania, Sibiu, was named a European Capital of Culture.[11] Romania joined NATO on March 29, 2004.

Origin

The word Romania (Rumania or România) comes from the Romanian word Român, which comes from the Latin word Romanus which means "Roman".[12][13] English texts still used the word Rumania during World War II. This came from the French word Roumanie.[14]

Other Languages
Acèh: Rumania
Адыгэбзэ: Румыниэ
адыгабзэ: Румание
Afrikaans: Roemenië
Alemannisch: Rumänien
አማርኛ: ሮማንያ
Ænglisc: Rumǣnia
العربية: رومانيا
aragonés: Rumanía
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܪܘܡܢܝܐ
armãneashti: Romãnia
arpetan: Roumanie
asturianu: Rumanía
Avañe'ẽ: Rrumáña
авар: Романия
Aymar aru: Rumanya
azərbaycanca: Rumıniya
تۆرکجه: رومانی
Bali: Romania
Bân-lâm-gú: Romania
башҡортса: Румыния
беларуская: Румынія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Румынія
भोजपुरी: रोमानिया
Bikol Central: Romanya
Bislama: Romania
български: Румъния
Boarisch: Rumänien
བོད་ཡིག: རོ་མ་ནི་ཡ།
bosanski: Rumunija
brezhoneg: Roumania
буряад: Румыни
català: Romania
Чӑвашла: Румыни
Cebuano: Rumanya
čeština: Rumunsko
Chamoru: Rumania
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Rumanía
chiShona: Romania
chiTumbuka: Romania
corsu: Romania
Cymraeg: Rwmania
dansk: Rumænien
davvisámegiella: Románia
Deitsch: Rumeenie
Deutsch: Rumänien
ދިވެހިބަސް: ރުމޭނިއާ
dolnoserbski: Rumuńska
डोटेली: रोमानिया
eesti: Rumeenia
Ελληνικά: Ρουμανία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Rumania
English: Romania
español: Rumania
Esperanto: Rumanio
estremeñu: Rumania
euskara: Errumania
eʋegbe: Romania
فارسی: رومانی
Fiji Hindi: Romania
føroyskt: Rumenia
français: Roumanie
Frysk: Roemeenje
Fulfulde: Romaniya
furlan: Romanie
Gaeilge: An Rómáin
Gaelg: Yn Romaan
Gagauz: Romıniya
Gàidhlig: Romàinia
galego: Romanía
ગુજરાતી: રોમાનિયા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌾𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: रोमेनिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Romania
хальмг: Румудин Орн
한국어: 루마니아
Hausa: Romainiya
Hawaiʻi: Romānia
հայերեն: Ռումինիա
हिन्दी: रोमानिया
hornjoserbsce: Rumunska
hrvatski: Rumunjska
Ido: Rumania
Igbo: Romania
Ilokano: Romania
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রোমানিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Rumania
interlingua: Romania
Interlingue: Rumania
Ирон: Румыни
íslenska: Rúmenía
italiano: Romania
עברית: רומניה
Jawa: Ruméni
Kabɩyɛ: Rumaanii
kalaallisut: Rumænia
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರೊಮಾನಿಯ
Kapampangan: Romania
къарачай-малкъар: Румыния
ქართული: რუმინეთი
kaszëbsczi: Rumùńskô
қазақша: Румыния
kernowek: Roumani
Kinyarwanda: Romaniya
Kiswahili: Romania
коми: Румыния
Kongo: Romania
Kreyòl ayisyen: Woumani
kurdî: Romanya
Кыргызча: Румыния
Ladino: Rumania
лакку: Румыниа
latgaļu: Rumuneja
Latina: Romania
latviešu: Rumānija
Lëtzebuergesch: Rumänien
лезги: Румыния
lietuvių: Rumunija
Ligure: Romania
Limburgs: Roemenië
lingála: Rumania
Lingua Franca Nova: Romania
Livvinkarjala: Rumiinii
la .lojban.: romanias
lumbaart: Rumania
magyar: Románia
македонски: Романија
Malagasy: Romania
മലയാളം: റൊമാനിയ
Malti: Rumanija
Māori: Romeinia
मराठी: रोमेनिया
მარგალური: რუმინეთი
مصرى: رومانيا
مازِرونی: رومانی
Bahasa Melayu: Romania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Romania
Mirandés: Roménia
мокшень: Румыние
монгол: Румын
Dorerin Naoero: Romainiya
Nederlands: Roemenië
Nedersaksies: Roemenië
नेपाली: रोमानिया
नेपाल भाषा: रोमानिया
日本語: ルーマニア
Napulitano: Rumania
нохчийн: Румыни
Nordfriisk: Rumeenien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Romainya
norsk: Romania
norsk nynorsk: Romania
Nouormand: Roumanie
Novial: Rumania
occitan: Romania
олык марий: Румыний
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ରୋମାନିଆ
Oromoo: Romaaniyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ruminiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੋਮਾਨੀਆ
Pangasinan: Romaniya
پنجابی: رومانیہ
Papiamentu: Romania
پښتو: رومانیا
Patois: Rumienia
Перем Коми: Ромыния
Picard: Roumanie
Piemontèis: Romanìa
Tok Pisin: Romenia
Plattdüütsch: Rumänien
polski: Rumunia
Ποντιακά: Ρουμανία
português: Romênia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Rumıniya
qırımtatarca: Romaniya
română: România
romani čhib: Rumuniya
rumantsch: Rumenia
Runa Simi: Rumanya
русиньскый: Румуньско
русский: Румыния
саха тыла: Румыния
Gagana Samoa: Romania
sardu: Romania
Scots: Romanie
Seeltersk: Rumänien
Sesotho: Romania
shqip: Rumania
sicilianu: Rumanìa
سنڌي: رومانيہ
SiSwati: IRomaniya
slovenčina: Rumunsko
slovenščina: Romunija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Роумꙑнїꙗ
ślůnski: Růmůńijo
Soomaaliga: Romania
کوردی: ڕۆمانیا
Sranantongo: Romenikondre
српски / srpski: Румунија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rumunija
Sunda: Romania
suomi: Romania
svenska: Rumänien
Tagalog: Romania
Taqbaylit: Rumanya
tarandíne: Romanie
татарча/tatarça: Румыния
తెలుగు: రొమేనియా
tetun: Roménia
ትግርኛ: ሮማንያ
тоҷикӣ: Руминия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎶᎹᏂᏯ
Türkçe: Romanya
Türkmençe: Rumyniýa
Twi: Romania
удмурт: Румыния
українська: Румунія
اردو: رومانیہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: رۇمىنىيە
Vahcuengh: Romania
vèneto: Romanìa
vepsän kel’: Romanii
Tiếng Việt: România
Volapük: Rumän
Võro: Rumeeniä
walon: Roumaneye
文言: 羅馬尼亞
West-Vlams: Roemenië
Winaray: Rumania
Wolof: Romaani
吴语: 罗马尼亚
ייִדיש: רומעניע
Yorùbá: Románíà
粵語: 羅馬尼亞
Zazaki: Romanya
Zeêuws: Roemenië
žemaitėška: Romunėjė
中文: 羅馬尼亞
Sakizaya: Romania