Photography

"View from the Window at Le Gras" by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was taken in 1826, and is the oldest known photograph.
Camera

Photography is a way of making a picture using a camera.[1] A person who makes pictures using a camera is called a photographer.[1] A picture made using a camera is called a photograph or photo.[1]

Camera

A "camera" is, in its simplest form, like a box with a hole in front of it. There is a special piece of glass in front of the hole called a lens. To take a photograph of something, the lens makes a small picture of the object inside the camera. The lens does this by focusing light. A lens in a camera works like a lens in glasses (spectacles) or a magnifying glass. One type of camera called the Pinhole camera has no lens but uses a very small hole to focus light.

To make a photograph with a camera the shutter release button is pressed. Pressing the button opens the shutter. The shutter is like a door. It covers the hole in the camera box. The shutter is behind the lens. When the shutter is closed no light can enter the camera box. When the shutter is open light can enter the camera. When the button is pressed the shutter opens and then closes. This happens very fast. The amount of time the shutter stays open for is called the shutter speed. The shutter speed can change between 1/1000th of a second (0.001 s) to a few seconds. Normally the time taken for the shutter to open and close is far less than 1 second.

Some cameras have an aperture ring. It controls how much light enters the camera box.

The photograph in a camera may be made on film or, if it is a digital camera, using an electronic sensor.

A simple video explaining the basics of photography
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fotografie
Alemannisch: Fotografie
aragonés: Fotografía
armãneashti: Futugrâfii
asturianu: Fotografía
azərbaycanca: Fotoqrafiya
bamanankan: Kɔtɛba
Bân-lâm-gú: Hip-siòng
башҡортса: Фотография
беларуская: Фатаграфія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фатаграфія
български: Фотография
Boarisch: Photographie
bosanski: Fotografija
català: Fotografia
Чӑвашла: Фотографи
čeština: Fotografie
corsu: Fotografia
dansk: Fotografi
Deitsch: Pikder
Deutsch: Fotografie
Ελληνικά: Φωτογραφία
English: Photography
español: Fotografía
Esperanto: Fotarto
estremeñu: Fotografia
euskara: Argazkigintza
فارسی: عکاسی
Fiji Hindi: Photography
français: Photographie
Frysk: Fotografy
furlan: Fotografie
galego: Fotografía
贛語: 拍相
한국어: 사진술
हिन्दी: छायाचित्र
hrvatski: Fotografija
Ilokano: Potograpia
Bahasa Indonesia: Fotografi
interlingua: Photographia
íslenska: Ljósmyndun
italiano: Fotografia
עברית: צילום
Basa Jawa: Fotografi
ქართული: ფოტოგრაფია
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: فَنہِ فوٹوٗ
kaszëbsczi: Fòtografijô
қазақша: Фотография
Kiswahili: Upigaji picha
Kreyòl ayisyen: Fotografi
kurdî: Wêne
Кыргызча: Фотография
Latina: Photographia
latviešu: Fotogrāfija
Lëtzebuergesch: Fotografie
lietuvių: Fotografija
Limburgs: Fotografie
lumbaart: Fotografia
македонски: Фотографија
മലയാളം: ഛായാഗ്രഹണം
Bahasa Melayu: Fotografi
монгол: Гэрэл зураг
Nederlands: Fotografie
Nedersaksies: Fotografie
नेपाली: फोटोग्राफी
日本語: 写真
Napulitano: Fotografia
norsk: Fotografi
norsk nynorsk: Fotografi
Nouormand: Photographie
occitan: Fotografia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fotografiya
پنجابی: فوٹوگرافی
Patois: Fotografi
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អ្នកថតរូប
Picard: Fotografie
polski: Fotografia
português: Fotografia
română: Fotografie
русиньскый: Фотоґрафія
русский: Фотография
sardu: Fotografia
Seeltersk: Photographie
shqip: Fotografia
sicilianu: Fotugrafìa
slovenčina: Fotografovanie
slovenščina: Fotografija
کوردی: وێنەگری
српски / srpski: Фотографија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fotografija
Basa Sunda: Fotografi
suomi: Valokuvaus
svenska: Fotografi
Tagalog: Potograpiya
తెలుగు: ఫోటోగ్రఫీ
українська: Фотографія
اردو: عکاسی
vèneto: Fotografia
Tiếng Việt: Nhiếp ảnh
Võro: Fotokunst
West-Vlams: Fotografie
Winaray: Pagritrato
Wolof: Nataal
吴语: 摄影
ייִדיש: פאטאגראפיע
Yorùbá: Fọ́tòyíyà
粵語: 影相
žemaitėška: Puortėgrapėjė
中文: 摄影
Lingua Franca Nova: Fotografia