The name Palestine comes from the word Plesheth, meaning "invaders" but Palestinians are not invaders. In English it is usually written Philistine. The Philistines were a people who invaded the area.They were probably a Greek people, who did not speak Arabic, not too surprising as the Arabs came to Palestine nearly 2000 years later.
The State of Palestine, also known simply as Palestine, is a de juresovereign state in the Middle East. It is recognized by 136 UN members. Since 2012 it has non-member observer state in the United Nations. This amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood.
The State of Palestine claims the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as its territory. Its independence was declared on 15 November 1988.