Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Irish: Tuaisceart Éireann, Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom.

The whole island of Ireland used to be a kingdom, called the Kingdom of Ireland. But after the Act of Union in the year 1800, it became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This stayed until 1922, after a civil war, when Ireland was divided into the Republic of Ireland, the sovereign state that takes up the southern part of the island, and Northern Ireland, which chose to stay as part of the UK.

About 1.8 million people live in Northern Ireland, and the capital and largest city is Belfast.

Northern Ireland
Anthem: God Save the Queen
Northern Ireland  (dark green)

– in the European Union  (light green & dark grey)
– in the United Kingdom  (light green)

Capital
and largest city
Belfast
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[note 1], Irish, Ulster-Scots
Ethnic groups (2011[1])98.3% White, 1.7% Other
DemonymNorthern Irish
GovernmentDevolved government within a constitutional monarchy
Vacant
Vacant
Theresa May, MP
• Secretary of State (UK)
Karen Bradley, MP
LegislatureNorthern Ireland Assembly
Devolution
• Government of Ireland Act
3 May 1921
• Northern Ireland Constitution Act
18 July 1973
• Northern Ireland Act (1974)
17 July 1974
• Northern Ireland Act (1998)
19 November 1998
Area
• Total
13,843 km2 (5,345 sq mi)
Population
• 2011 census
1,810,863 [2]
• Density
131/km2 (339.3/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2002 estimate
• Total
£33.2 billion
• Per capita
£19,603
CurrencyPound sterling (GBP)
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
• Summer (DST)
BST (UTC+1)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+44
Patron saintSaint Patrick
ISO 3166 codeGB-NIR
Internet TLD.uk, .ie, .eu

Sometimes people use other names for Northern Ireland. Some call it Ulster, even though some parts of Ulster are actually in the Republic of Ireland. Others call it "the North" or "the Six Counties", because they do not want to recognise that a part of the island of Ireland is not independent and is actually in the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland is the smallest part of the United Kingdom at 5,345 sq mi.

Languages

English is spoken by almost everyone in Northern Ireland. Another important language is Irish (sometimes called "Irish Gaelic") and a language known as Ulster Scots, which comes from Eastern Ulster and Lowland Scotland. The Irish language became less widely spoken in the 20th century, but a revival has led to increased usage, especially in Belfast, the Glens of Antrim and counties Tyrone and Fermanagh. This revival has been driven largely through the creation of Irish-language schools. The Irish language is spoken by some nationalists (whether Catholic or Protestant) people. Ulster Scots is almost exclusive to areas of North Antrim and the Ards Peninsula.

Some languages like Chinese, Urdu or Polish are becoming more common in Northern Ireland as people from other countries move to Northern Ireland.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Noord-Ierland
Alemannisch: Nordirland
armãneashti: Irlanda di Aratsile
azərbaycanca: Şimali İrlandiya
Bân-lâm-gú: Pak Ài-ní-lân
башҡортса: Төньяҡ Ирландия
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўночная Ірляндыя
Boarisch: Noadirland
bosanski: Sjeverna Irska
brezhoneg: Norzhiwerzhon
čeština: Severní Irsko
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Irlanda del Norte
dansk: Nordirland
Deutsch: Nordirland
dolnoserbski: Pódpołnocna Irska
Esperanto: Nord-Irlando
estremeñu: Irlanda del Norti
euskara: Ipar Irlanda
føroyskt: Norðurírland
français: Irlande du Nord
Gàidhlig: Èirinn a Tuath
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: उत्तर आयर्लंड
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pet Ireland
한국어: 북아일랜드
hornjoserbsce: Sewjerna Irska
hrvatski: Sjeverna Irska
Bahasa Indonesia: Irlandia Utara
interlingua: Irlanda del Nord
Interlingue: Nord-Irland
íslenska: Norður-Írland
Basa Jawa: Irlandia Lor
kernowek: Wordhen Gledh
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ilann dinò
latviešu: Ziemeļīrija
Lëtzebuergesch: Nordirland
lietuvių: Šiaurės Airija
Limburgs: Noord-Ierland
македонски: Северна Ирска
مازِرونی: شمالی ایرلند
Bahasa Melayu: Ireland Utara
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Báe̤k Ireland
Nederlands: Noord-Ierland
Nedersaksies: Noord-Ierlaand
Napulitano: Irlanna d'o Nord
Nordfriisk: Nuurdirlun
norsk nynorsk: Nord-Irland
Nouormand: Irlande du Nord
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shimoliy Irlandiya
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អៀរឡង់ខាងជើង
Piemontèis: Irlanda dël Nòrd
Tok Pisin: Noten Aialan
português: Irlanda do Norte
română: Irlanda de Nord
rumantsch: Irlanda dal Nord
Runa Simi: Chinchay Ilanda
Seeltersk: Noudirlound
sicilianu: Irlanna dû Nord
slovenčina: Severné Írsko
slovenščina: Severna Irska
Soomaaliga: Waqooyiga Ayrland
српски / srpski: Северна Ирска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sjeverna Irska
Basa Sunda: Irlandia Kalér
svenska: Nordirland
татарча/tatarça: Төньяк Ирландия
Türkçe: Kuzey İrlanda
українська: Північна Ірландія
Tiếng Việt: Bắc Ireland
吴语: 北爱尔兰
粵語: 北愛爾蘭
Zeêuws: Noord-Ierland
中文: 北爱尔兰
Lingua Franca Nova: Er Norde