Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya  (Hausa)
  • Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà  (Igbo)
  • Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìniira Aláàpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà  (Yoruba)
Coat of arms of Nigeria
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Anthem: Arise, O Compatriots
Location of Nigeria shown in dark green
Location of Nigeria shown in dark green
CapitalAbuja
Largest cityLagos
6°27′N 3°23′E / 6°27′N 3°23′E / 6.450; 3.383
Official languagesEnglish
Major languages
Other languages[1]
DemonymNigerian
GovernmentFederal presidential republic
Muhammadu Buhari
• Vice President
Yemi Osinbajo
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Unification of Southern and Northern Nigeria
1914
• Declared and recognised
1 October 1960
• Republic declared
1 October 1963
• Current constitution
29 May 1999
Area
• Total
923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2015 estimate
199,800,400[2] (7th)
• 2006 census
140,431,790
• Density
188.9/km2 (489.2/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$1,166 trillion[3] (20th)
• Per capita
$6,351[3] (124th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$484.895 billion[3] (21st)
• Per capita
$2,640[3] (122nd)
Gini (2010) 43.0[4]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.514[5]
low · 152nd
CurrencyNaira (₦) (NGN)
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG
Internet TLD.ng

Nigeria is a country in west Africa. It has a population of 188,500,000 [6], which is more than any other country in Africa. The capital of Nigeria is Abuja. Nigeria is known for being a large country, and one of the richest in Africa.[7]

History

From the 1500s to the 1800s, many people from the land now called Nigeria (and other parts of West Africa) were taken away and turned into slaves by Europeans, and they were sent to work in the Americas. These slaves were bought and sold in the Americas by Europeans who lived there. Today, many people related to those slaves still live in America, though they are no longer slaves. They are called African-Americans.

From 1901 to 1960, the United Kingdom ruled Nigeria. However, by 1960 the people wanted independence very much, and Britain finally let them have it. For some time after this, Nigeria was a dictatorship, where the leaders stayed in control even if the majority of people disliked them. At this time, Nigeria had a big war called the Biafro War with Christian Igbo people who wanted their own country in the East. They did not want to be a part of Nigeria, which was ruled by The Muslim North and Mixed West. The war ended with a reunification of Nigeria.

In 1999, Nigeria became a democracy, where people choose their leaders. After that, Olusegun Obasanjo, a Yoruba Christian from the south, became President. In 2007, Umaru Yar'Adua, a Hausa Muslim, was elected to be the next President. Yar'Adua died in May, 2009. Goodluck Jonathan, the vice president, then became president.

Since 2002, there have been a battles in the north of the country. The battles are between government troops and the Islamist group Boko Haram. This group wants to have Sharia law for the country.[8]

Other Languages
Acèh: Nigeria
адыгабзэ: Нигерие
Afrikaans: Nigerië
Akan: Alata man
Alemannisch: Nigeria
አማርኛ: ናይጄሪያ
Ænglisc: Nigeria
العربية: نيجيريا
aragonés: Nicheria
arpetan: Nig·èria
অসমীয়া: নাইজেৰিয়া
asturianu: Nixeria
Avañe'ẽ: Nihéria
azərbaycanca: Nigeriya
تۆرکجه: نیجریه
bamanankan: Nijeria
Bahasa Banjar: Nigeria
Bân-lâm-gú: Nigeria
башҡортса: Нигерия
беларуская: Нігерыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нігерыя
भोजपुरी: नाइजीरिया
Bikol Central: Nigerya
български: Нигерия
Boarisch: Nigeria
བོད་ཡིག: ནི་ཇི་རི་ཡ།
bosanski: Nigerija
brezhoneg: Nigeria
буряад: Нигери
català: Nigèria
Чӑвашла: Нигери
Cebuano: Nigeria
čeština: Nigérie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Nigeria
chiShona: Nigeria
Cymraeg: Nigeria
dansk: Nigeria
davvisámegiella: Nigeria
Deutsch: Nigeria
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނައިޖީރިއާ
dolnoserbski: Nigerija
eesti: Nigeeria
Ελληνικά: Νιγηρία
English: Nigeria
español: Nigeria
Esperanto: Niĝerio
estremeñu: Nigéria
euskara: Nigeria
eʋegbe: Naidzeria
فارسی: نیجریه
Fiji Hindi: Nigeria
føroyskt: Nigeria
français: Nigeria
Frysk: Nigearia
Fulfulde: Niiseriya
Gaeilge: An Nigéir
Gaelg: Yn Naigeer
Gagauz: Nigeriya
Gàidhlig: Nìgeiria
galego: Nixeria
贛語: 尼日利亞
Gĩkũyũ: Nigeria
ગુજરાતી: નાઇજીરીયા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nigeria
한국어: 나이지리아
Hausa: Nijeriya
հայերեն: Նիգերիա
हिन्दी: नाईजीरिया
hornjoserbsce: Nigerija
hrvatski: Nigerija
Ido: Nigeria
Igbo: Naijiria
Ilokano: Nigeria
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নাইজেরিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Nigeria
interlingua: Nigeria
Interlingue: Nigeria
Ирон: Нигери
isiXhosa: INigeria
isiZulu: INigeria
íslenska: Nígería
italiano: Nigeria
עברית: ניגריה
Basa Jawa: Nigéria
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನೈಜೀರಿಯ
Kapampangan: Nigeria
ქართული: ნიგერია
қазақша: Нигерия
kernowek: Nijeri
Kinyarwanda: Nijeriya
Kiswahili: Nigeria
Kongo: Nizeria
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nijerya
kurdî: Nîjerya
Кыргызча: Нигерия
кырык мары: Нигери
Ladino: Nijeria
лезги: Нигерия
لۊری شومالی: نیجریٱ
latgaļu: Nigereja
Latina: Nigeria
latviešu: Nigērija
Lëtzebuergesch: Nigeria
lietuvių: Nigerija
Ligure: Nigeria
Limburgs: Nigeria
lingála: Nizeria
Livvinkarjala: Nigerii
la .lojban.: nixerias
Luganda: Nigeria
lumbaart: Nigeria
magyar: Nigéria
македонски: Нигерија
Malagasy: Nizeria
മലയാളം: നൈജീരിയ
Malti: Niġerja
მარგალური: ნიგერია
مازِرونی: نیجریه
Bahasa Melayu: Nigeria
Baso Minangkabau: Nigeria
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nigeria
монгол: Нигери
Nāhuatl: Nigeria
Nederlands: Nigeria
Nedersaksies: Nigeria
नेपाली: नाइजेरिया
नेपाल भाषा: नाइजेरिया
нохчийн: Нигери
Nordfriisk: Nigeeria
Norfuk / Pitkern: Niijiirya
norsk: Nigeria
norsk nynorsk: Nigeria
Novial: Nigeria
occitan: Nigèria
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନାଇଜେରିଆ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nigeriya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਈਜੀਰੀਆ
Pälzisch: Nigeria
پنجابی: نائیجیریا
Papiamentu: Nigeria
Patois: Naijiiria
Piemontèis: Nigeria
Tok Pisin: Naijiria
Plattdüütsch: Nigeria
polski: Nigeria
português: Nigéria
Qaraqalpaqsha: Nigeriya
qırımtatarca: Nigeriya
română: Nigeria
Runa Simi: Niqirya
русиньскый: Ніґерія
русский: Нигерия
саха тыла: Нигерия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Nigeria
संस्कृतम्: नैजीरिया
Sängö: Nizerïa
sardu: Nigéria
Scots: Nigerie
Seeltersk: Nigeria
Sesotho: Nigeria
Sesotho sa Leboa: Nigeria
shqip: Nigeria
sicilianu: Nigeria
SiSwati: INayijeriya
slovenčina: Nigéria
slovenščina: Nigerija
ślůnski: Ńigeryjo
Soomaaliga: Nayjeeriya
کوردی: نێجیریا
српски / srpski: Нигерија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nigerija
Basa Sunda: Nigéria
suomi: Nigeria
svenska: Nigeria
Tagalog: Nigeria
தமிழ்: நைஜீரியா
Taqbaylit: Nijirya
tarandíne: Nigerie
татарча/tatarça: Нигерия
తెలుగు: నైజీరియా
ትግርኛ: ናይጂሪያ
тоҷикӣ: Нигерия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏂᏥᎵᏯ
Türkçe: Nijerya
Türkmençe: Nigeriýa
українська: Нігерія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نىگېرىيە
Vahcuengh: Nigeria
vèneto: Nigeria
vepsän kel’: Nigerii
Tiếng Việt: Nigeria
Volapük: Nigeriyän
Võro: Nigeeriä
walon: Nidjeria
文言: 尼日利亞
West-Vlams: Nigeria
Winaray: Nigeria
Wolof: Niseeria
吴语: 尼日利亚
Xitsonga: Nayjeriya
ייִדיש: ניגעריע
Yorùbá: Nàìjíríà
粵語: 尼日利亞
Zazaki: Nicerya
Zeêuws: Niheria
žemaitėška: Nigerėjė
中文: 奈及利亞
डोटेली: नाइजेरिया
ГӀалгӀай: Нигери
Kabɩyɛ: Naajeeriya
Lingua Franca Nova: Nijeria