New York City
English: New York City

New York
Clockwise, from top: Midtown Manhattan, Times Square, the Unisphere, the Brooklyn Bridge, Lower Manhattan with One World Trade Center, Central Park, the headquarters of the United Nations, and the Statue of Liberty
Flag of New York
Flag
Official seal of New York
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"The Big Apple", "Gotham", "The Center of the Universe","Liberty City", "The City That Never Sleeps",[1] "The Capital of the World",[2][3][4] "Metropolis".[5]
Interactive map outlining New York City
New York is located in New York
New York
New York
Location within the State of New York
New York is located in the United States
New York
New York
Location within the United States
New York is located in North America
New York
New York
Location within North America
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′21″W / 40°42′46″N 74°00′21″W / 40.7127; -74.0059
RegionMid-Atlantic
Counties / (Boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Historic colonies New Netherland
Province of New York
Settled1624
Consolidated1898
Named forJames, Duke of York
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (D)
Area
 • Total468.484 sq mi (1,213.37 km2)
 • Land302.643 sq mi (783.84 km2)
 • Water165.841 sq mi (429.53 km2)
 • Metro
13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population
 • Total8,175,133
 • Estimate 
(2017)
8,622,698
 • Rank1st, U.S.
 • Density28,491/sq mi (11,000/km2)
 • MSA (2017)
20,320,876 (1st)
 • CSA (2017)
23,876,155[9] (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Major airportsJohn F. Kennedy International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, LaGuardia Airport
Commuter railLIRR, Metro-North, NJ Transit
Rapid transitSubway, Staten Island Railway, PATH
Largest borough by areaQueens – 109 square miles (280 km2)
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2,636,735 – 2015 est)[11]
WebsiteNYC.gov
The five boroughs:
1. Manhattan
2. Brooklyn
3. Queens
4. Bronx
5. Staten Island

New York (also called New York City, short form NYC) is the biggest city in the United States, located in the state of New York. Over 8 million people live in it, and over 22 million people live in the bigger New York metropolitan area. It is in the south end of the state of New York, which is in the northeastern United States. It is the financial capital of the US since it is home to the nation's stock market, Wall Street, and the One World Trade Center. It is also the home of the United Nations Headquarters.

History

The oldest part of the city, the island of Manhattan, still has its original Le-nape Native American name. Although Native people such as the Le-nape and Canaries had lived there for many thousands of years, New York City was first explored by Europeans in the 1500s. Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano found the entrance to New York Harbor in the year 1524 and English explorer Henry Hudson named the Hudson River in 1609.

New York City was settled by Europeans from The Netherlands in 1624. The Dutch called the whole area of New York "New Nederland" (New Netherland) and they named a fort and town on the south end of Manhattan Island New Amsterdam (New Amsterdam),[12] after the capital city of the Netherlands, which was to become present-day New York. The English took over the colony in 1664 during the second Anglo-Dutch War. They changed the name to New York, to honor the Duke of York, who later became King James II of England and James VII of Scotland. The Dutch surrendered Nieuw Amsterdam without fighting.

By the time the English took New York, there were many other Dutch towns in what would become New York City, including Breukelen (Brooklyn), Vlissingen (Flushing), and Nieuw Haarlem (Harlem). There were already some English towns in the area also, such as Gravesend in Brooklyn and Newtown in Queens. Dutch, English and other people had been living together in New York for a long time.

New York quickly grew to become a large and important port city. The important Battle of Long Island of the American Revolution was fought in Brooklyn in 1776. New York was the capital of the United States under the Articles of Confederation from 1785 to 1788. When the US Constitution was made, it stayed as the capital from 1789 until 1790.[13]

In 1898, the cities of New York and Brooklyn came together with the Bronx, Staten Island, and the western towns in Queens County to make Greater New York. This is the total area of the City of New York today. Around this time, many new immigrants came into New York City. They came in at Ellis Island, an island in New York's harbor near the Statue of Liberty. Many of them then moved to the Lower East Side neighborhood in Manhattan, which had over a million people living in just a few square miles.

Early in the twentieth century, with better transportation, more people moved to outer parts of the greater city, and many commuted to Manhattan. Many skyscrapers and other big buildings were put up to provide places to work.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Нью-Йорк
Afrikaans: New York Stad
Alemannisch: New York City
العربية: نيويورك
aragonés: Nueva York
armãneashti: New York
asturianu: Nueva York
Avañe'ẽ: Táva Nueva York
Aymar aru: New York
azərbaycanca: Nyu-York
تۆرکجه: نیویورک
bamanankan: New York City
Bahasa Banjar: New York
Bân-lâm-gú: New York Chhī
Basa Banyumasan: New York
башҡортса: Нью-Йорк
беларуская: Нью-Ёрк
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нью-Ёрк
Bikol Central: Nueva York
български: Ню Йорк
Boarisch: New York City
བོད་ཡིག: ནེའུ་ཡོར་ཀ།
bosanski: New York City
brezhoneg: New York
català: Nova York
Чӑвашла: Нью-Йорк
čeština: New York
Chamoru: New York City
Chavacano de Zamboanga: New York (ciudad)
Chi-Chewa: New York City
corsu: New York
Deutsch: New York City
dolnoserbski: New York City
eesti: New York
Ελληνικά: Νέα Υόρκη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: New York
English: New York City
эрзянь: Нью-Йорк ош
español: Nueva York
Esperanto: Novjorko
estremeñu: Nueva York
euskara: New York
eʋegbe: New York City
فارسی: نیویورک
Fiji Hindi: New York City
føroyskt: New York City
français: New York
galego: Nova York
ГӀалгӀай: Нью-Йорк
贛語: 紐約市
Gĩkũyũ: New York City
گیلکی: نيؤيؤرک
ગુજરાતી: ન્યુ યોર્ક
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌽𐌹𐌿 𐌹𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌺
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: New York Sṳ
한국어: 뉴욕
հայերեն: Նյու Յորք
Արեւմտահայերէն: Նիւ Եորք
hornjoserbsce: New York City
Bahasa Indonesia: Kota New York
interlingua: New York (citate)
Interlingue: New York
Ирон: Нью-Йорк
íslenska: New York-borg
italiano: New York
עברית: ניו יורק
Jawa: New York
Kabɩyɛ: Niyuu Yɔrɩkɩ
Kapampangan: New York Lakanbalen
къарачай-малкъар: Нью-Йорк
ქართული: ნიუ-იორკი
қазақша: Нью-Йорк
kernowek: Evrek Nowydh
Kiswahili: New York
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nouyòk
Кыргызча: Нью-Йорк
кырык мары: Нью-Йорк
لۊری شومالی: نیویورک سیتی
latviešu: Ņujorka
Lëtzebuergesch: New York City
лезги: Нью-Йорк
lietuvių: Niujorkas
Ligure: Neuva York
Limburgs: New York City
lingála: New York
Livvinkarjala: New York
la .lojban.: niu,IORK. zei tcadu
lumbaart: New York
magyar: New York
македонски: Њујорк (град)
Malagasy: New York
მარგალური: ნიუ-იორკი
مصرى: نيويورك
مازِرونی: نیویورک
Bahasa Melayu: Bandar Raya New York
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Niū-iók-chê
Mirandés: Nuoba Iorque
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နယူးယောက်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: New York
Na Vosa Vakaviti: New York City
Nederlands: New York (stad)
Nedersaksies: Niej-York
नेपाल भाषा: न्यु यर्क नगर
Napulitano: Nova York
нохчийн: Нью-Йорк
Nordfriisk: New York City
Norfuk / Pitkern: Nyuu York
norsk: New York
norsk nynorsk: New York by
Nouormand: Nouvieau York
Novial: Novi York
occitan: Nòva York
олык марий: Нью-Йорк
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: New York (shahar)
Pälzisch: New York City
Papiamentu: New York City
پښتو: نیویورک
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទីក្រុងញូវយ៉ក
Piemontèis: New York
Tok Pisin: Niu Yok Siti
Plattdüütsch: New York
polski: Nowy Jork
português: Nova Iorque
Qaraqalpaqsha: Nyu York
qırımtatarca: Nyu York
reo tahiti: New York
romani čhib: New York City
rumantsch: New York
Runa Simi: New York
русиньскый: Ню Йорк (місто)
русский: Нью-Йорк
саха тыла: Нью Йорк
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱤᱣ ᱭᱚᱨᱠ
Gagana Samoa: Niu Ioka
संस्कृतम्: न्‍यू यॉर्क्
Seeltersk: New York
Sesotho sa Leboa: New York City
sicilianu: Nova York
slovenčina: New York (mesto)
slovenščina: New York
ślůnski: Nowy Jork
Soomaaliga: New York
Sranantongo: New York City
српски / srpski: Њујорк
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: New York
suomi: New York
svenska: New York
Taqbaylit: New York
tarandíne: Nuève York
татарча/tatarça: Нью-Йорк
తెలుగు: న్యూయార్క్
тоҷикӣ: Ню-Йорк
Türkçe: New York
Türkmençe: Nýu-Ýork şäheri
удмурт: Нью-Йорк
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Kuta New York
українська: Нью-Йорк
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Nyu York Shehiri
Vahcuengh: Niujyoz
vèneto: New York
vepsän kel’: Nju Jork
Tiếng Việt: Thành phố New York
Volapük: New York (zif)
Võro: New York
文言: 紐約市
吴语: 纽约市
Yorùbá: New York
粵語: 紐約
Zeêuws: New York City
žemaitėška: Niojuorks
中文: 纽约