Mandarin orange

Mandarin orange
Mandarina.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Genus:Citrus
Species:C. reticulata
Binomial name
Citrus reticulata
Blanco

The Mandarin orange, also known as the mandarin or mandarine (both lower-case), is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit that looks like other oranges. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. The mandarin is tender, and is damaged easily by cold. It can be grown in tropical and subtropical areas.

The mandarin is easily peeled with the fingers, and can be easily split into even segments without squirting juice. This makes it more convenient to eat, as utensils are not required to peel or cut the fruit. Mandarin segments are also sold in cans.

During Chinese New Year, Mandarin oranges and tangerines are considered traditional symbols of good fortune. During the two-week celebration, they are frequently displayed as decoration and presented as gifts to friends, relatives, and business partners.

Production volume

Milgam hwachae, a Korean fruit dish made with mandarin oranges and honey
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines
Top ten producers in 2007 (1000 tonnes)
 People's Republic of China 15,185
 Spain 1,974
 Brazil 1,206
 Japan 1,066
 Morocco 1,042
 South Korea 778
 Egypt 748
 Turkey 744
 Iran 702
 Thailand 670
 Pakistan 640
All other 4,156
World total 27,869
Source:
[1]
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mandaryn
العربية: يوسفي (فاكهة)
azərbaycanca: Naringi
বাংলা: কমলা লেবু
Bân-lâm-gú: Kam-á
башҡортса: Мандарин
беларуская: Мандарын
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мандарын
български: Мандарина
bosanski: Mandarina
català: Mandariner
Cymraeg: Oren Mandarin
Deutsch: Mandarine
dolnoserbski: Mandarinowy bom
Ελληνικά: Μανταρίνι
Esperanto: Mandarinujo
euskara: Mandarinondo
français: Mandarinier
Gaeilge: Mandairín
galego: Mandarineiro
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kit-é
հայերեն: Մանդարին
hornjoserbsce: Mandarinowc
hrvatski: Mandarina
Bahasa Indonesia: Jeruk keprok
íslenska: Mandarína
עברית: מנדרינה
Kapampangan: Dalangita
ქართული: მანდარინი
қазақша: Мандарин
Kinyarwanda: Mandarine
Kiswahili: Chenza
кырык мары: Мандарин
лакку: Мандарин
latviešu: Mandarīns
მარგალური: მანდარინი
Bahasa Melayu: Limau mandarin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gék
Nederlands: Mandarijn (vrucht)
norsk nynorsk: Mandarin
Перем Коми: Мандарин
português: Tangerina
română: Mandarin
русский: Мандарин
саха тыла: Мандарин
sardu: Mandarinu
shqip: Mandarina
slovenčina: Mandarínkovník
slovenščina: Mandarina
српски / srpski: Мандарина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mandarina
Basa Sunda: Jeruk Keprok
suomi: Mandariini
svenska: Småcitrus
Tagalog: Dalanghita
తెలుగు: కమలాపండు
Türkçe: Mandalina
удмурт: Мандарин
українська: Мандарин
Tiếng Việt: Quýt hồng
粵語:
中文:
Bahasa Hulontalo: Limu