List of national capitals

This is a list of national capital cities in alphabetical order. It includes territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states, and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Sovereign states are shown in bold text.

CityCountryNotes
Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates
Abuja Nigeria
Accra Ghana
Adamstown PitcairnBritish Overseas Territory
Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Algiers Algeria
Alofi NiueSelf-governing nation in free association with New Zealand.
Amman Jordan
Amsterdam (official); The Hague (de facto) Netherlands
Andorra la Vella Andorra
Ankara Turkey
Antananarivo Madagascar
Apia Samoa
Ashgabat Turkmenistan
Asmara Eritrea
Nur-Sultan Kazakhstan
Asunción Paraguay
Athens Greece
Avarua Cook IslandsSelf-governing nation in free association with New Zealand.
Baghdad Iraq
Baku Azerbaijan
Bamako Mali
Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei [a]
Bangkok Thailand
Bangui Central African Republic
Banjul Gambia
Basseterre Saint Kitts and Nevis
Beijing People's Republic of China [b]
Beirut Lebanon
BelfastUnited Kingdom Northern IrelandCountry of the United Kingdom
Belgrade Serbia
Belmopan Belize
Berlin Germany
Bern  Switzerland
Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Bissau Guinea-Bissau
Bogotá Colombia
Brasília Brazil
Bratislava Slovakia
Brazzaville Republic of the Congo
Bridgetown Barbados
Brussels Belgium
Bucharest Romania
Budapest Hungary
Buenos Aires Argentina
Bujumbura Burundi
Cairo Egypt
Canberra Australia
Caracas Venezuela
Cardiff WalesCountry of the United Kingdom
Castries Saint Lucia
Cayenne French GuianaOverseas department of France
Charlotte Amalie United States Virgin IslandsTerritory of the United States
Chisinau Moldova
Cockburn Town Turks and Caicos IslandsBritish Overseas Territory
Conakry Guinea
Copenhagen Denmark
Dakar Senegal
Damascus Syria
Dhaka Bangladesh
Dili East Timor (Timor-Leste)
Djibouti Djibouti
Dodoma (official); mostly de facto; Dar es Salaam (former; some government offices remaining) Tanzania
Doha Qatar
Douglas Isle of ManBritish Crown Dependency
Dublin Ireland
Dushanbe Tajikistan
Edinburgh ScotlandCountry of the United Kingdom
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Tristan da CunhaBritish Overseas Territory
El Aaiún (declared) Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic [d]The Sahrawi Republic, recognised by 82 states, claims the mostly Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Moroccan controlled territory includes El Aaiún, and Morocco claims all Sahrawi controlled territory. The Sahrawi government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.[1]
Episkopi Cantonment Akrotiri and DhekeliaBritish Overseas Territory
Flying Fish Cove Christmas IslandExternal territory of Australia
Freetown Sierra Leone
Funafuti Tuvalu
Gaborone Botswana
George Town Cayman IslandsBritish Overseas Territory
Georgetown Ascension Island
Georgetown Guyana
Gibraltar GibraltarBritish Overseas Territory
Grytviken South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsBritish Overseas Territory
Guatemala City Guatemala
Gustavia Saint BarthélemyOverseas collectivity of France
Hagåtña GuamTerritory of the United States
Hamilton BermudaBritish Overseas Territory
Hanga Roa Easter IslandSpecial territory of Chile
Hanoi Vietnam
Harare Zimbabwe
Hargeisa Somaliland [c]De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[2]
Havana Cuba
Helsinki Finland
Honiara Solomon Islands
Islamabad Pakistan
Jakarta Indonesia
Jamestown Saint HelenaBritish Overseas Territory
Jerusalem (declared, de facto)[i] IsraelIsrael claims that Jerusalem, complete and united, is its capital. The city is the seat of the government, home to the president's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. The United Nations Security Council in Resolution 478 does not accept this claim and called on member states to remove their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and all member states have their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya, and do not recognise Jerusalem as the capital.[3] Many countries officially accept a proposal that Jerusalem have international status, which was part of the Partition Plan of 1947.[4] The Palestinian National Authority claims East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.
Jerusalem (declared)[i]; Ramallah and Gaza (de facto) PalestineThe State of Palestine claims the territories occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War in 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital. This area is currently occupied by Israel and Palestine has no control over the territories it claims. Administration is based in Ramallah and Gaza, not Jerusalem. All members of the United Nations regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Arab League, the Non-Aligned Movement and the European Union recognise it as the capital of a future Palestinian state.[5]
JubaSouth Sudan South Sudan
Kabul Afghanistan
Kampala Uganda
Kathmandu   Nepal
Khartoum Sudan
Kiev Ukraine
Kigali Rwanda
Kingston Jamaica
Kingston Norfolk IslandExternal territory of Australia
Kingstown Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kinshasa Democratic Republic of Congo
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia (official)
Kuwait City Kuwait
La Paz Bolivia (administrative)
Libreville Gabon
Lilongwe Malawi
Lima Peru
Lisbon Portugal
Ljubljana Slovenia
Lomé Togo
London Great Britain;  EnglandLondon is both the capital of England, a Country of the United Kingdom, and of the United Kingdom itself, a sovereign state.
Luanda Angola
Lusaka Zambia
Luxembourg Luxembourg
Madrid Spain
Majuro Marshall Islands
Malabo Equatorial Guinea
Malé Maldives
Managua Nicaragua
Manama Bahrain
Manila Philippines
Maputo Mozambique
Marigot Saint MartinOverseas collectivity of France
Maseru Lesotho
Mata-Utu Wallis and FutunaOverseas collectivity of France
Mbabane (administrative); Lobamba (royal and legislative) Eswatini
Melekoek Palau
Mexico City [e] Mexico
Minsk Belarus
Mogadishu Somalia
Monaco MonacoCity-state
Monrovia Liberia
Montevideo Uruguay
Moroni Comoros
Moscow Russia
Muscat Oman
Nairobi Kenya
Nassau Bahamas
Naypyidaw Myanmar
N'Djamena Chad
New Delhi India
Niamey Niger
Nicosia Cyprus
North Nicosia Northern CyprusDe facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[6]
Nouakchott Mauritania
Nouméa New CaledoniaSui generis collectivity of France
ʻalofa Tonga
Nuuk GreenlandConstituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Oranjestad ArubaSelf-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Oslo Norway
Ottawa Canada
Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
Pago Pago American SamoaTerritory of the United States
Palikir Federated States of Micronesia
Panama City Panama
Papeete French PolynesiaOverseas collectivity of France
Paramaribo Suriname
Paris France
Philipsburg Sint MaartenSelf-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Phnom Penh Cambodia
Plymouth [f] (official); Brades Estate (de facto) MontserratBritish Overseas Territory
Podgorica Montenegro
Port Louis Mauritius
Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Port Vila Vanuatu
Port-au-Prince Haiti
Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago
Porto-Novo (official); Cotonou (de facto) Benin
Prague Czech Republic
Praia Cape Verde
Pretoria (executive); Bloemfontein (judicial); Cape Town (legislative) South Africa
Pristina Kosovo[j]De facto independent state that is recognised by UN member states and by Taiwan (Republic of China). Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Pyongyang North Korea
Quito Ecuador
Rabat Morocco
Reykjavík Iceland
Riga Latvia
Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Road Town British Virgin IslandsBritish Overseas Territory
Rome Italy
Roseau Dominica
Saipan Northern Mariana IslandsTerritory of the United States
San José Costa Rica
San Juan Puerto RicoTerritory of the United States
San Marino San Marino
San Salvador El Salvador
Sana'a Yemen
Santiago Chile
Santo Domingo Dominican Republic
São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe
Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina
Seoul South Korea
Singapore SingaporeCity-state
Skopje North Macedonia
Sofia Bulgaria
South Tarawa Kiribati
Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte [g] (legislative; largely de facto); Colombo (previous capital; has some government offices) Sri Lanka
St. George's Grenada
St. Helier JerseyBritish Crown Dependency
St. John's Antigua and Barbuda
St. Peter Port GuernseyBritish Crown Dependency
St. Pierre Saint-Pierre and MiquelonOverseas collectivity of France
Stanley Falkland IslandsBritish Overseas Territory
Stepanakert Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Stockholm Sweden
Sucre Bolivia
Sukhumi AbkhaziaDe facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Suva Fiji
Taipei Republic of China (Taiwan)The Republic of China (Taiwan) has competed for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and its islands of Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and part of the Spratly Islands[7] The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[8] The Republic of China takes part in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a number of different names, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
Tallinn Estonia
Tarawa Kiribati
Tashkent Uzbekistan
Tbilisi Georgia
Tegucigalpa Honduras
Tehran Iran
Thimphu Bhutan
Tirana Albania
Tiraspol TransnistriaA de facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
Tokyo Japan
Tórshavn Faroe IslandsConstituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Tripoli Libya
Tskhinvali South OssetiaA de facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
Tunis Tunisia
Ulaanbaatar Mongolia
Vaduz Liechtenstein
Valletta Malta
The Valley AnguillaBritish Overseas Territory
Vatican City  Vatican City [h]City-state
Victoria Seychelles
Vienna Austria
Vientiane Laos
Vilnius Lithuania
Warsaw Poland
Washington, D.C. United States
Wellington New Zealand
West Island Cocos (Keeling) IslandsExternal territory of Australia
Willemstad CuraçaoSelf-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Windhoek Namibia
Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (former capital; still has many government offices) Côte d'Ivoire
Yaoundé Cameroon
Yaren (de facto) NauruCountry does not have an official capital; however, the government offices are in Yaren.
Yerevan Armenia
Zagreb Croatia

Notes

  • a.  ^ That is, the State of Brunei Darussalam.
  • b.  ^ See also List of historical capitals of China.
  • c.  ^ Unrecognized, self-declared country.
  • d.  ^ See Politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
  • e.  ^ The Spanish name is "México D.F." or just "D.F." (for "Distrito Federal").
  • f.  ^ Plymouth was abandoned after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano in 1997. Government offices since then have been moved to Brades Estate, which is in the northwestern part of Montserrat.
  • g.  ^ Also known as "Kotte". Until the 1980s, the capital was Colombo, where many important governmental institutions still remain and which is still designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
  • h.  ^ Also known as the "Holy See" for diplomatic and religious purposes.
  • i.  ^ See Positions on Jerusalem.
  • j.  ^ Kosovo proclaimed independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 by temporary governing institutions. That independence is against the current UNSC's resolution regarding Kosovo (1244).
Other Languages
беларуская: Спіс сталіц свету
עברית: ערי בירה
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lis kapital
Bahasa Melayu: Senarai ibu negara
日本語: 首都の一覧
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Davlat poytaxtlari roʻyxati