Kurt Waldheim

Kurt Waldheim
Kurt Waldheim 1971cr.jpg
9th President of Austria
In office
8 July 1986 – 8 July 1992
ChancellorFranz Vranitzky
Preceded byRudolf Kirchschläger
Succeeded byThomas Klestil
4th Secretary-General of the United Nations
In office
January 1, 1972 – January 1, 1982
Preceded byU Thant
Succeeded byJavier Pérez de Cuéllar
Personal details
Born(1918-12-21)December 21, 1918
Sankt Andrä-Wördern near Vienna, Austria
DiedJune 14, 2007(2007-06-14) (aged 88)
Vienna, Austria
NationalityAustrian
Political partyAustrian People's Party
Spouse(s)Elisabeth Waldheim
Alma materUniversity of Vienna
ReligionRoman Catholic

Kurt Josef Waldheim (21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and conservative politician. He was Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and President of Austria from 1986 to 1992.

Political career

Shortly before 1986, Waldheim published an autobiography. During his campaign to become president in 1986, it became public that some statements in that biography were not true. These were about his past. Waldheim was an officer for Germany in the Second World War. He rose to be an oberleutnant in the Wehrmacht. Much historical interest has centered on Waldheim's role in Operation Kozara in 1942.[1] According to one post-war investigator, prisoners were routinely shot within only a few hundred meters (yards) of Waldheim's office,[2] and 35 kilometres (22 mi) away at the Jasenovac concentration camp. Waldheim later stated that "he did not know about the murder of civilians there".[2]

There was a commission of several historians who looked at the issue. They did find that Waldheim had behaved as he should have done. He did not commit any war crimes. However, in his role of an officer, he must have known about the deportation of about 40.000 Jews into concentration camps. These transports, as well as the shooting of soldiers were a clear breach of law.

Because of this, he was not allowed to travel to the United States any more.

In 1990, he had a success: Saddam Hussein held several foreigners as hostages at the start of the Second Gulf War. When Waldheim heard this, he personally went to Baghdad. Through talks he could get Saddam to release the Austrian and the Swiss hostages. (both countries are neutral)

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kurt Waldheim
asturianu: Kurt Waldheim
Bân-lâm-gú: Kurt Waldheim
беларуская: Курт Вальдхайм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Курт Вальдгайм
български: Курт Валдхайм
bosanski: Kurt Waldheim
brezhoneg: Kurt Waldheim
català: Kurt Waldheim
čeština: Kurt Waldheim
Cymraeg: Kurt Waldheim
Deutsch: Kurt Waldheim
English: Kurt Waldheim
español: Kurt Waldheim
Esperanto: Kurt Waldheim
euskara: Kurt Waldheim
français: Kurt Waldheim
hrvatski: Kurt Waldheim
Bahasa Indonesia: Kurt Waldheim
íslenska: Kurt Waldheim
italiano: Kurt Waldheim
latviešu: Kurts Valdheims
Lëtzebuergesch: Kurt Waldheim
lietuvių: Kurt Waldheim
Bahasa Melayu: Kurt Waldheim
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကွတ်ဝေါလ်ဟိုင်း
Nederlands: Kurt Waldheim
norsk nynorsk: Kurt Waldheim
occitan: Kurt Waldheim
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kurt Waldheim
português: Kurt Waldheim
română: Kurt Waldheim
Runa Simi: Kurt Waldheim
slovenčina: Kurt Waldheim
slovenščina: Kurt Waldheim
српски / srpski: Курт Валдхајм
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kurt Waldheim
svenska: Kurt Waldheim
Türkçe: Kurt Waldheim
українська: Курт Вальдгайм
Tiếng Việt: Kurt Waldheim
Winaray: Kurt Waldheim
Yorùbá: Kurt Waldheim
粵語: 華德翰