Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
Royaume de France (
(Top: Flag of France before Huguenot Wars at 16th century,
Bottom: Flag after Huguenot Wars)
Motto: Montjoie Saint Denis!
Anthem: Marche Henri IV
"March of Henry IV"
The Kingdom of France in 1789.
|Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand|
|Chamber of Peers|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Historical era||Medieval / Early Modern|
• Begin of
|3 July 987|
|5 May 1789|
|6 April 1814|
|2 August 1830|
|24 February 1848|
|Currency||Livre, Franc, Écu, Louis d'or|
The Kingdom of France (royaume de France) is the name given to various political entities of
The King of the Franks
The gradual integration of the feudal fiefs into the royal domain requires the establishment of a royal administration. Saint Louis attaches paramount importance to its role as justiciary and the parliament, superior court of justice, is put in place. The long war of one hundred years is the occasion to establish under Charles VII an army and permanent taxes. Richelieu, the minister of Louis XIII, and Louis XIV, strengthened the royal authority in the provinces, by bringing the local governors of the nobility under their stewardship and by delegating to them stewards appointed by the king.
The tendency of royalty to exercise a more and more absolute power could be challenged in times of turmoil, civil wars and the reigns of minor kings. The dispute takes a more pronounced character on the occasion of the diffusion of the [[Enlightenment (philosophy)]|philosophy of enlightenment]] and of the values that it carries: government of reason, separation of powers, individual liberties ... The French Revolution led to the establishment of a French constitutional monarchy Constitutional]]. However, the different formulas experienced fail successively in 1792, 1830 and 1848, bringing the end of royalty to France.