Jew

The Star of David is a symbol of Judaism


A Jew is a person who is of Jewish heritage or who has converted to the Jewish religion. Jews typically consider themselves as a people and not only as adherents of a religion, therefore a Jew is not only one that practices the religion of Judaism, but it is also one who is of Jewish ethnic heritage. According to traditional Jewish law, called Halakha, someone is Jewish if their mother was a Jew or if they have converted to Judaism.[1] Judaism has been described as a religion, a race, an ethnic group a culture, a nation, and an extended family.[2]

Israel is the only modern country with a Jewish majority, but there are Jewish minorities in many places in the world. Most of them live in large cities in the United States, Argentina, Europe and Australia. Both Israel and the U.S. have over five million Jews.[3] In the Soviet Union there were more than two million Jews, but many of them moved to Israel, the U.S. and other Western countries since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Jews have been victims of various persecutions. One of the most well known happened during the Second World War, when almost six million Jews were killed by the Nazis. It is known as the Holocaust.

Jewish ethnic groups

All ethnic (non-convert) Jews have genetic heritage from the Levant (the region now known as Israel and/or Palestine).[4] Within all of the world's Jews, there are Jewish ethnic groups. The two biggest are called Ashkenazi (who have historically lived in Central and Eastern Europe) and Sephardic (who have historically lived in lands around the Mediterranean Sea, particularly Spain and Portugal). Jews from Arab and Muslim countries are called Mizrahi Jews. There are also Ethiopian Jews, Indian Jews (Bene Israel) and Chinese Jews (Kaifeng Jews). Many of these groups have moved from one place to another. For example, many Ashkenazi Jews live in the United States, and many Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews live in France.[5]

Jews speak the languages of the countries where they live. Hebrew is the language of Judaism because it is the language in which the Bible was written. It is still used for prayers. In Israel, Ivrit, which is the name for the new Hebrew language, is the common language. There are also other Jewish languages such as Yiddish and Ladino which are still spoken and written by some Jews.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Jode
العربية: يهود
aragonés: Chodigos
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܗܘܕܝܐ
asturianu: Pueblu xudíu
azərbaycanca: Yəhudilər
تۆرکجه: یهودیلر
বাংলা: ইহুদি
Bân-lâm-gú: Iû-thài-lâng
башҡортса: Йәһүдтәр
беларуская: Яўрэі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Габрэі
български: Евреи
Boarisch: Judn
bosanski: Jevreji
brezhoneg: Yuzevien
català: Jueus
Чӑвашла: Еврейсем
Cebuano: Hudiyo
čeština: Židé
chiShona: Rudzi rwaIsrael
Cymraeg: Iddewon
dansk: Jøder
Deutsch: Juden
eesti: Juudid
Ελληνικά: Εβραίοι
English: Jews
español: Pueblo judío
Esperanto: Judoj
euskara: Judu
فارسی: یهودی
føroyskt: Jødar
français: Juifs
Frysk: Joaden
Gaelg: Ewnyn
Gagauz: Çıfıtlar
galego: Pobo xudeu
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌹𐌴𐌹𐍃
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yù-thai-ngìn
한국어: 유대인
հայերեն: Հրեաներ
हिन्दी: यहूदी
hrvatski: Židovi
Ido: Judo
Igbo: Jew
Bahasa Indonesia: Yahudi
interlingua: Judeo
íslenska: Gyðingar
italiano: Ebrei
עברית: יהודים
Basa Jawa: Yahudi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಯೆಹೂದ್ಯ
къарачай-малкъар: Чууутлула
ქართული: ებრაელები
қазақша: Еврейлер
Kongo: Bayuda
лезги: Чувудар
لۊری شومالی: جید
Latina: Iudaei
latviešu: Ebreji
lietuvių: Žydai
magyar: Zsidók
македонски: Евреи
Malagasy: Jiosy
മലയാളം: ജൂതൻ
मराठी: ज्यू लोक
მარგალური: ურიეფი
مازِرونی: یهودی
Bahasa Melayu: Orang Yahudi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Iù-tái-nè̤ng
монгол: Еврей
Nederlands: Joden
Nedersaksies: Jeuden
日本語: ユダヤ人
нохчийн: Жуьгтий
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jua
norsk: Jøder
norsk nynorsk: Jødar
Nouormand: Juis
occitan: Jusieus
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yahudiylar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯਹੂਦੀ
پنجابی: یہودی
Plattdüütsch: Joden
polski: Żydzi
português: Judeus
română: Evrei
русский: Евреи
саха тыла: Дьэбириэйдэр
sardu: Ebreos
Scots: Jews
sicilianu: Ebbreu
සිංහල: යුදෙවුවෝ
slovenčina: Židia
slovenščina: Judje
ślůnski: Żydy
کوردی: جوو
српски / srpski: Јевреји
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jevreji
Basa Sunda: Yahudi
svenska: Judar
Tagalog: Mga Hudyo
தமிழ்: யூதர்
татарча/tatarça: Яһүдләр
Türkçe: Yahudiler
українська: Євреї
اردو: یہود
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: يەھۇدىلار
Tiếng Việt: Người Do Thái
Winaray: Hudeyo
吴语: 犹太人
ייִדיש: ייד
粵語: 猶太人
Zazaki: Cıhudi
žemaitėška: Žīdā
中文: 犹太人