January

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January (Jan.) is the 1st month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, coming between December (of the previous year) and February (of the current year). It has 31 days.

January begins on the same day of the week as October in common years, and April and July in leap years. January ends on the same day of the week as February and October in common years, and July in leap years.

The Month

Snow in January in the Northern Hemisphere, where it is a winter month.

January is named for Janus, the Roman god of doors and gates.

January and February were put on the calendar after all the other months. This is because in the original Roman calendar, winter did not have months. Although March was originally the first month, January became the new first month because that was when people chose the new consuls (Roman leaders). The month has 31 days.

January is a winter month in the Northern Hemisphere and a summer month in the Southern Hemisphere. In each hemisphere, it is the seasonal equivalent of July in the other. Perihelion, the point in its orbit where the Earth is closest to the Sun, also occurs in this month, between January 2 and January 5. January begins on the same day of the week as October in common years and on the same day of the week as April and July in leap years. January ends on the same day of the week as February and October in common years and on the same day of the week as July in leap years. January is the only month of the year that always has a "twin" - a month that both begins and ends on the same day of the week as it does. In a common year, this is October, and in a leap year, July.

Every year, January both starts and finishes on the same day of the week as May of the previous year.

In common years immediately before other common years, January starts on the same day of the week as April and July of the following year, and in leap years and years immediately before that, September and December of the following year. In common years immediately before other common years, January finishes on the same day of the week as July of the following year, and in leap years and years immediately before that, April and December of the following year.

January's flower is the carnation with its birthstone being the garnet. The meaning of the garnet is constancy.

The first day of January is called New Year's Day. It is said that it became this date when Roman consuls took office on this day in 153 BC. Different calendars across Europe made this the start of the New Year at different times, as some observed it on March 25.

Reaching over from December, the Christmas season in Christianity also extends into this month. Eastern churches celebrate Christmas on January 6 or January 7, and Epiphany on January 18 or January 19 - In Western Christianity this occurs on January 6, with Christmas occurring on December 25.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Januarie
Alemannisch: Januar
አማርኛ: ጃንዩዌሪ
Ænglisc: Æfterra Gēola
Аҧсшәа: Ажьырныҳәа
العربية: يناير (شهر)
aragonés: Chinero
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܟܢܘܢ ܒ
armãneashti: Yinaru
arpetan: Janviér
অসমীয়া: জানুৱাৰী
asturianu: Xineru
Atikamekw: Kenositc Pisimw
Avañe'ẽ: Jasyteĩ
авар: Январ
Aymar aru: Chichu phaxsi
azərbaycanca: Yanvar
تۆرکجه: ژانویه
Bahasa Banjar: Januari
Bân-lâm-gú: 1 goe̍h
Basa Banyumasan: Januari
башҡортса: Ғинуар
беларуская: Студзень
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Студзень
भोजपुरी: जनवरी
Bikol Central: Enero
български: Януари
Boarisch: Jenna
bosanski: Januar
brezhoneg: Genver
català: Gener
Чӑвашла: Кăрлач уйăхĕ
Cebuano: Enero
čeština: Leden
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Enero
chiTumbuka: Janyuwale
Cymraeg: Ionawr
dansk: Januar
davvisámegiella: Ođđajagimánnu
Deitsch: Yenner
Deutsch: Januar
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖެނުއަރީ
dolnoserbski: Januar
eesti: Jaanuar
Ελληνικά: Ιανουάριος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Znêr
English: January
эрзянь: Якшамков
español: Enero
Esperanto: Januaro
estremeñu: Eneru
euskara: Urtarril
eʋegbe: Dzove
فارسی: ژانویه
Fiji Hindi: January
føroyskt: Januar
français: Janvier
Frysk: Jannewaris
furlan: Zenâr
Gaeilge: An tEanáir
Gagauz: Büük ay
Gàidhlig: Am Faoilleach
galego: Xaneiro
ГӀалгӀай: АгIой бутт
贛語: 一月
ગુજરાતી: જાન્યુઆરી
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1-ngie̍t
хальмг: Туула сар
한국어: 1월
Hausa: Janairu
Hawaiʻi: Ianuali
հայերեն: Հունվար
हिन्दी: जनवरी
hornjoserbsce: Januar
hrvatski: Siječanj
Bahasa Hulontalo: Januari
Ido: Januaro
Igbo: Önwa mbu
Ilokano: Enero
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জানুয়ারী
Bahasa Indonesia: Januari
interlingua: Januario
Interlingue: Januar
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᔭᓐᓄᐊᓕ
Ирон: Январь
isiXhosa: Eyomqungu
íslenska: Janúar
italiano: Gennaio
עברית: ינואר
Basa Jawa: Januari
Kabɩyɛ: Kɔlaɣ fenaɣ
kalaallisut: Jannuaari
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜನವರಿ
Kapampangan: Eneru
ქართული: იანვარი
kaszëbsczi: Stëcznik
қазақша: Қаңтар
kernowek: Mis Genver
Kinyarwanda: Mutarama
Kiswahili: Januari
Kreyòl ayisyen: Janvye
kurdî: Rêbendan
Кыргызча: Январь
кырык мары: Январь
Ladino: Jenero
лакку: Январь
Latina: Ianuarius
latviešu: Janvāris
Lëtzebuergesch: Januar
лезги: Январь
lietuvių: Sausis
Ligure: Zennâ
Limburgs: Jannewarie
Livvinkarjala: Pakkaskuu
la .lojban.: pavma'i
Luganda: Gatonnya
lumbaart: Genar
magyar: Január
मैथिली: जनवरी
македонски: Јануари
Malagasy: Janoary
മലയാളം: ജനുവരി
Malti: Jannar
Māori: Kohi-tātea
მარგალური: ღურთუთა
مصرى: يناير
مازِرونی: ژانویه
Bahasa Melayu: Januari
Baso Minangkabau: Januari
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1 nguŏk
Mirandés: Janeiro
мокшень: Кельмеков
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇန်နဝါရီ
Nāhuatl: Ce metztli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Janueri
Nederlands: Januari
Nedersaksies: Jannewaori
नेपाली: जनवरी
नेपाल भाषा: ज्यानुवरी
日本語: 1月
Napulitano: Jennaro
нохчийн: Январь
Nordfriisk: Janewoore
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jaenyuweri
norsk: Januar
norsk nynorsk: Januar
Nouormand: Janvyi
Novial: Januare
occitan: Genièr
олык марий: Шорыкйол (тылзе)
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜାନୁଆରୀ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yanvar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਨਵਰੀ
پنجابی: جنوری
پښتو: جنوري
Patois: Janiweri
Перем Коми: Tӧвшӧр
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខែមករា
Piemontèis: Gené (mèis)
Tok Pisin: Janueri
Plattdüütsch: Januar
polski: Styczeń
Ποντιακά: Καλαντάρτς
português: Janeiro
Qaraqalpaqsha: Yanvar
qırımtatarca: Yanvar
Ripoarisch: Jannowaa
română: Ianuarie
русиньскый: Януар
русский: Январь
саха тыла: Тохсунньу
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ
Gagana Samoa: Ianuari
संस्कृतम्: जनवरी
sardu: Bennàlzu
Scots: Januar
Sesotho sa Leboa: Pherekgong
shqip: Janari
sicilianu: Jinnaru
සිංහල: ජනවාරි
سنڌي: جنوري
SiSwati: Bhimbídvwane
slovenčina: Január
slovenščina: Januar
ślůnski: Styczyń
Soomaaliga: Janaayo
српски / srpski: Јануар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Januar
Basa Sunda: Januari
suomi: Tammikuu
svenska: Januari
Tagalog: Enero
தமிழ்: சனவரி
Taqbaylit: Yennayer
tarandíne: Scennàre
татарча/tatarça: Гыйнвар
తెలుగు: జనవరి
tetun: Janeiru
тоҷикӣ: Январ
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎤᏃᎸᏔᏅ
Türkçe: Ocak
Türkmençe: Ýanwar
удмурт: Толшор
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Januari
українська: Січень
اردو: جنوری
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: قەھرىتان
Vahcuengh: 1 nyied
vèneto: Xenaro
vepsän kel’: Viluku
Tiếng Việt: Tháng một
Volapük: Yanul
West-Vlams: Januoari
Winaray: Enero
Wolof: Samwie
吴语: 1月
Xitsonga: Sunguti
ייִדיש: יאנואר
Yorùbá: Oṣù Kínní
粵語: 1月
Zazaki: Çele
žemaitėška: Sausis
中文: 1月