Islamic calendar

The Islamic calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري‎) is a calendar. It is used to determine islamic holidays in most of Islam. It is a lunar calendar. It has 12 months, and 354 or 355 days. This means that each year, the calendar is about 11 days shorter than a solar calendar, like the Gregorian. Islamic years are often called hijra years, because the first year of the calendar when the hijra occurred, that is when Prophet Muhammad went from Mecca to Medina.

The current Islamic Calendar year is 1441 AH (AH = Anno Hegiræ = Hijri year).

Two Islamic countries (Iran and Afghanistan) use a different calendar, the Solar Higri Calendar.

Months

A lunar month (one new moon[1] to the next) lasts a little over 29.5 days. For convenience, a month is the Islamic calendar is either 29 days or 30 days, one after the other. So a 29-day month is followed by a 30-day month (29+30 is the same as 29.5+29.5). In most years, that means that a year of 12 calendar months last 354 days. But that "a little over" is 44 minutes every month so, to keep the calendar in step with reality, an extra day is needed nearly every third year, so these years are 355 days long.[2]

Months Number Month name
in English
Meaning
1 Muḥarram not allowed
2 Ṣafar void
3 Rabīʿ al-Awwal the first spring
4 Rabīʿ al-Thānī or Rabī’ al-Ākhir the second spring
5 Jumādá al-Ūlá the first of dry land
6 Jumādá al-Ākhirah the last of dry land
7 Rajab honour
8 Sha‘bān scattered
9 Ramaḍān burning heat
10 Shawwāl raised
11 Dhū al-Qa‘dah the one of sitting
12 Dhū al-Ḥijjah the one of pilgrimage (Hajj)
Other Languages
العربية: تقويم هجري
azərbaycanca: Hicri təqvim
Bân-lâm-gú: Islam Le̍k-hoat
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мусульманскі каляндар
Esperanto: Islama kalendaro
한국어: 이슬람력
हिन्दी: हिजरी
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalender Hijriyah
interlingua: Calendario islamic
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اِسلامی تَقويٖم
македонски: Исламски календар
Bahasa Melayu: Takwim Hijrah
Minangkabau: Kalender Hijriyah
日本語: ヒジュラ暦
norsk nynorsk: Muslimsk tidsrekning
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Islomiy taqvim
slovenčina: Islamský kalendár
slovenščina: Islamski koledar
српски / srpski: Исламски календар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Islamski kalendar
татарча/tatarça: Һиҗри тәкъвим
Türkçe: Hicrî takvim
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھىجرىيە تەقۋىمى
Tiếng Việt: Lịch Hồi giáo
文言: 回曆
吴语: 伊斯兰历
粵語: 回曆
中文: 伊斯兰历