The Islamic calendar (
The current Islamic Calendar year is 1441 AH (AH = Anno Hegiræ = Hijri year).
Two Islamic countries (Iran and Afghanistan) use a different calendar, the
A lunar month (one new moon to the next) lasts a little over 29.5 days. For convenience, a month is the Islamic calendar is either 29 days or 30 days, one after the other. So a 29-day month is followed by a 30-day month (29+30 is the same as 29.5+29.5). In most years, that means that a year of 12 calendar months last 354 days. But that "a little over" is 44 minutes every month so, to keep the calendar in step with reality, an extra day is needed nearly every third year, so these years are 355 days long.
|Months Number||Month name
|3||Rabīʿ al-Awwal||the first spring|
|4||Rabīʿ al-Thānī or Rabī’ al-Ākhir||the second spring|
|5||Jumādá al-Ūlá||the first of dry land|
|6||Jumādá al-Ākhirah||the last of dry land|
|11||Dhū al-Qa‘dah||the one of sitting|
|12||Dhū al-Ḥijjah||the one of pilgrimage (|