International Phonetic Alphabet

  • international phonetic alphabet
    ipa in ipa.svg
    typealphabet, partially featural
    spoken languagesused for phonetic and phonemic transcription of any language
    time periodsince 1888
    parent systems
    palaeotype alphabet
    • romic alphabet
      • phonotypic alphabet
        • international phonetic alphabet
    iso 15924latn
    note: this page may contain ipa phonetic symbols in unicode.

    the international phonetic alphabet (ipa) is a system for writing down sounds. it was created by the international phonetic association in 1886, so that people could write down sounds of languages in a standard way.[1] linguists, language teachers, and translators use this system to show the pronunciation for words.

    wikipedia also uses the ipa to show how certain words are meant to be spoken. most symbols are letters in the latin alphabet, or variations of it. for example, the palatal approximant (the y in yesterday) is written with [j]. in ipa symbols can be written between slashes (called a broad transcription, e.g."little" can be written as /lɪtl/ ) or in square brackets (called a narrow transcription, e.g. "little" can be written [lɪɾɫ], which is how specific groups say it). narrow translation is more precise than broad.

    the ipa has symbols only for sounds that are used normally in spoken languages. the extended ipa is used to write down other sounds.

    the ipa is sometimes changed, and symbols are added or taken away. right now there are 107 different letters in the ipa. there are also 52 marks which are added to letters to change their sound. these marks are called "diacritics".

  • history
  • use of the alphabet
  • letters
  • references
  • other websites

International Phonetic Alphabet
IPA in IPA.svg
TypeAlphabet, partially featural
Spoken languagesUsed for phonetic and phonemic transcription of any language
Time periodsince 1888
Parent systems
Palaeotype alphabet
  • Romic alphabet
    • Phonotypic alphabet
      • International Phonetic Alphabet
ISO 15924Latn
Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system for writing down sounds. It was created by the International Phonetic Association in 1886, so that people could write down sounds of languages in a standard way.[1] Linguists, language teachers, and translators use this system to show the pronunciation for words.

Wikipedia also uses the IPA to show how certain words are meant to be spoken. Most symbols are letters in the Latin alphabet, or variations of it. For example, the palatal approximant (the y in yesterday) is written with [j]. In IPA symbols can be written between slashes (called a broad transcription, e.g."little" can be written as /lɪtl/ ) or in square brackets (called a narrow transcription, e.g. "little" can be written [lɪɾɫ], which is how specific groups say it). Narrow translation is more precise than broad.

The IPA has symbols only for sounds that are used normally in spoken languages. The Extended IPA is used to write down other sounds.

The IPA is sometimes changed, and symbols are added or taken away. Right now there are 107 different letters in the IPA. There are also 52 marks which are added to letters to change their sound. These marks are called "diacritics".

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Kok-chè Im-phiau
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Міжнародны фанэтычны альфабэт
eesti: IPA
贛語: 國際音標
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Koet-chi Yîm-phiêu
Kongo: API
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Guók-cié Ĭng-biĕu
Nordfriisk: IPA
Nouormand: API
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xalqaro fonetik alifbo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Međunarodna fonetska abeceda
吴语: 国际音标
粵語: 國際音標
中文: 國際音標