Demonym

A demonym or gentilic is a word used for people or the inhabitants of a place. The name of a people's language is usually the same as this word, for example, the "English" (language or people). Some places may not have a word for the people that live there.

Suffix demonyms

The English language has many ways to create demonyms. The most common is to add a suffix to the end of the location's name. These may use Latin, Semitic or Germanic suffixes, such as:

  • -an (America → American, Rome → Roman)
  • -ian (Paris → Parisian, Russia → Russian, India → Indian)
  • -ine (Florence → Florentine, Argentina → Argentine)
  • -ite (Vancouver → Vancouverite, Moscow → Muscovite) (mostly cities)
  • -er (London → Londoner) (mostly cities)
  • -eno (Los Angeles → Angeleno or Los Angeleno, uses the Spanish eño suffix for demonyms)
  • -ish (Spain → Spanish, Denmark → Danish) (mostly countries)
    • "-ish" is usually only used as an adjective. Many common "-ish" forms have different demonyms. (Spain/Spanish/Spaniard; Denmark/Danish/Dane; Judea/Jewish/Jew or Judean; Poland/Polish/Pole)
  • -ese (Taiwan → Taiwanese, Vienna → Viennese, Tyrol → Tyrolese, Vietnam → Vietnamese)
    • "-ese" is usually only proper as an adjective, or to refer to the entire group of people. For example, "The Chinese" means all people from China.
  • -i (Iraq → Iraqi, Bengal → Bengali) (mostly Middle Eastern and South Asian places)
  • -ic (HispaniaHispanic)
    • "-ic" is mostly used as an adjective to refer to an ethnic or linguistic group, for example Hispanic vs. Spanish
  • -iote (Cyprus → Cypriote, Phanar → Phanariote), especially for Greek locations.
Other Languages
Alemannisch: Volksbezeichnung
العربية: نسبة (وصف)
aragonés: Chentilicio
asturianu: Xentiliciu
Bân-lâm-gú: Jîn-bîn hō-miâ
беларуская: Этнахаронім
भोजपुरी: निवासी नाँव
български: Демоним
català: Gentilici
Чӑвашла: Этнохороним
čeština: Demonymum
dansk: Demonym
Ελληνικά: Δημωνύμιο
English: Demonym
español: Gentilicio
Esperanto: Laŭloka nomo
estremeñu: Gentiliciu
euskara: Jentilizio
فارسی: نام اهلیت
français: Gentilé
galego: Xentilicio
한국어: 데모님
हिन्दी: वासीनाम
Bahasa Indonesia: Demonim
қазақша: Этнохороним
kurdî: Demonîm
latviešu: Demonīms
македонски: Демоним
مصرى: ديمونيم
Nāhuatl: Tlācatōcāitl
Nederlands: Inwonersnaam
日本語: 住民の呼称
occitan: Gentilici
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Etnoxoronim
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਸਨੀਕੀ ਨਾਂ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប្រជានាម
português: Gentílico
română: Demonim
саха тыла: Этнохороним
Scots: Demonym
slovenščina: Demonim
српски / srpski: Демоним
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Demonim
Basa Sunda: Démonim
svenska: Invånarnamn
татарча/tatarça: Etnoxoronim
тоҷикӣ: Номи қавмӣ
Türkçe: Demonim
українська: Катойконім
Tiếng Việt: Demonym