Cuba
English: Cuba

Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba  (Spanish)
A shield in front of a fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch and a laurel wreath
Coat of arms
Motto: Patria o Muerte (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death"
[1]
Anthem: La Bayamesa  ("The Bayamo Song")[2]
Political map of the Caribbean region with Cuba in red. An inset shows a world map with the main map's edges outlined.
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised national languagesCuban Creole Oriental and Haitian Creole
Ethnic groups
  • 51% Mixed
  • 34% White
  • 15% Black
Demonym(s)Cuban
GovernmentSingle-party Marxist-Leninist Socialist state
• President & Premier
Miguel Díaz-Canel
• First Vice President
Salvador Valdés Mesa
• First Secretary of Communist Party
Raúl Castro
• President of the National Assembly
Esteban Lazo Hernández
Independence 
from Spain/U.S.
• Declared
October 10, 1868
from Spain
• Republic declared
May 20, 1902
from the United States
January 1, 1959
Area
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (99th)
• Water (%)
negligible[3]
Population
• 2010 estimate
11,241,894[3] (73rd)
• 2002 census
11,177,743[3]
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$132.9 billion[4] (63rd)
• Per capita
$9,900 (86th)
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$57.49 billion (68th)
• Per capita
$5,100[3][5] (90th)
HDI (2011)Increase 0.776[6]
high · 51st
CurrencyCuban peso(CUP)
Cuban convertible peso[7] (CUC)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 (CDT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu

Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean Sea. The country is made up of the big island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud island (Isle of Youth), and many smaller islands. Havana is the capital of Cuba. It is the largest city. The second largest city is Santiago de Cuba. In Spanish, the capital is called "La Habana". Cuba is near the United States, Mexico, Haiti, Jamaica and the Bahamas. People from Cuba are called Cubans. The official language is Spanish. Cuba is warm all year.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba. He claimed it for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba became a Spanish colony until the Spanish–American War of 1898. After the war, it was part of the United States. It gained independence in 1902.

In 1959, guerilla fighters led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara overthrew Cuba 's dictator Fulgencio Batista in what became the 'Cuban Revolution'. Castro began making relations with the Soviet Union and tried to close a lot of American businesses in Cuba; the United States did not like this. In 1961 Castro officially announced that his government was socialist. The US attempted to invade Cuba to regain control of it and overthrow it's communist led government but failed. The Communist Party of Cuba was created in 1965 and has ruled the island ever since. Today, Cuba is the only communist state outside of Asia, in the Caribbean, and in the western hemisphere.

Culture

Cuba is famous for many types of music, especially dance music such as the Salsa and Mambo. Because Cubans have ancestors from Spain, Africa, South America and North America, Cuban music is special and different.

Reading is very popular in Cuba. Many people especially enjoy reading books or things that come from outside the country, even though the government does not approve of this. They also love music and sports. Cuban music is very lively. This is because a lot of it comes from African and Spanish rhythms. Baseball, basketball, and athletics events are loved by many Cuban people. The Cuban football-team took at one Football-World-Cup part. In 1938, they reached the quarter-final and lost against Sweden 0:8.[8]

Other Languages
Acèh: Kuba
Адыгэбзэ: Кубэ
Afrikaans: Kuba
Alemannisch: Kuba
አማርኛ: ኩባ
Ænglisc: Cūba
العربية: كوبا
aragonés: Cuba
arpetan: Cuba
asturianu: Cuba
Avañe'ẽ: Kúva
Aymar aru: Kuba
azərbaycanca: Kuba
تۆرکجه: کوبا
bamanankan: Kuba
বাংলা: কিউবা
Bân-lâm-gú: Cuba
башҡортса: Куба
беларуская: Куба
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Куба
भोजपुरी: क्यूबा
Bikol Central: Kuba
български: Куба
Boarisch: Cuba
བོད་ཡིག: ཀུ་བ།
bosanski: Kuba
brezhoneg: Kuba
буряад: Куба
català: Cuba
Чӑвашла: Куба
Cebuano: Cuba
čeština: Kuba
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Cuba
chiShona: Cuba
Cymraeg: Ciwba
dansk: Cuba
davvisámegiella: Cuba
Deitsch: Kubaa
Deutsch: Kuba
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކިއުބާ
dolnoserbski: Kuba
डोटेली: क्युबा
eesti: Kuuba
Ελληνικά: Κούβα
English: Cuba
эрзянь: Куба
español: Cuba
Esperanto: Kubo
estremeñu: Cuba
euskara: Kuba
eʋegbe: Cuba
فارسی: کوبا
Fiji Hindi: Cuba
føroyskt: Kuba
français: Cuba
Frysk: Kuba
Gaeilge: Cúba
Gaelg: Yn Choobey
Gagauz: Kuba
Gàidhlig: Cùba
galego: Cuba
ГӀалгӀай: Куба
贛語: 古巴
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: क्युबा
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Cuba
한국어: 쿠바
Hausa: Cuba
հայերեն: Կուբա
हिन्दी: क्यूबा
hornjoserbsce: Kuba
hrvatski: Kuba
Ido: Kuba
Ilokano: Kuba
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কিউবা
Bahasa Indonesia: Kuba
interlingua: Cuba
Interlingue: Cuba
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᖂᐹ/quupaa
Ирон: Кубæ
íslenska: Kúba
italiano: Cuba
עברית: קובה
Jawa: Kuba
Kabɩyɛ: Kuubaa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕ್ಯೂಬಾ
Kapampangan: Cuba
ქართული: კუბა
қазақша: Куба
kernowek: Kuba
Kinyarwanda: Kiba
Kiswahili: Kuba
коми: Куба
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kiba
kurdî: Kûba
Кыргызча: Куба
кырык мары: Куба
Ladino: Kuba
لۊری شومالی: کۊبا
Latina: Cuba
latviešu: Kuba
Lëtzebuergesch: Kuba
лезги: Куба
lietuvių: Kuba
Ligure: Cuba
Limburgs: Cuba
lingála: Kuba
Lingua Franca Nova: Cuba
Livvinkarjala: Kuba
la .lojban.: kubas
lumbaart: Cuba
magyar: Kuba
मैथिली: क्युबा
македонски: Куба
Malagasy: Kioba
മലയാളം: ക്യൂബ
Malti: Kuba
मराठी: क्यूबा
მარგალური: კუბა
مصرى: كوبا
مازِرونی: کوبا
Bahasa Melayu: Cuba
Minangkabau: Kuba
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Cuba
Mirandés: Cuba
монгол: Куба
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကျူးဘားနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Kiuba
Nederlands: Cuba (land)
Nedersaksies: Kuba
नेपाली: क्युबा
नेपाल भाषा: क्युबा
日本語: キューバ
нохчийн: Куба
Nordfriisk: Kuuba
Norfuk / Pitkern: Kyuuba
norsk: Cuba
norsk nynorsk: Cuba
Novial: Kuba
occitan: Cuba
олык марий: Куба
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କ୍ୟୁବା
Oromoo: Kuubaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kuba
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਿਊਬਾ
पालि: क्यूबा
Pangasinan: Cuba
پنجابی: کیوبا
Papiamentu: Cuba
پښتو: کیوبا
Patois: Kyuuba
ភាសាខ្មែរ: គុយបា
Piemontèis: Cuba
Plattdüütsch: Kuba
polski: Kuba
português: Cuba
Qaraqalpaqsha: Kuba
qırımtatarca: Kuba
română: Cuba
romani čhib: Kuba
Runa Simi: Kuwa
русиньскый: Куба
русский: Куба
саха тыла: Куба (дойду)
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱤᱣᱵᱟ
संस्कृतम्: क्यूबा
sardu: Cuba
Scots: Cuba
Seeltersk: Kuba
shqip: Kuba
sicilianu: Cubba
සිංහල: කියුබාව
سنڌي: ڪيوبا
SiSwati: IKhuyubha
slovenčina: Kuba
slovenščina: Kuba
ślůnski: Kuba
Soomaaliga: Kuuba
کوردی: کووبا
Sranantongo: Cuba
српски / srpski: Куба
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kuba
Sunda: Kuba
suomi: Kuuba
svenska: Kuba
Tagalog: Cuba
தமிழ்: கியூபா
Taqbaylit: Kuba
tarandíne: Cuba
татарча/tatarça: Куба
తెలుగు: క్యూబా
tetun: Kuba
тоҷикӣ: Куба
Türkçe: Küba
Türkmençe: Kuba
Twi: Cuba
українська: Куба
اردو: کیوبا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كۇبا
Vahcuengh: Gujbah
vèneto: Cuba
vepsän kel’: Kuba
Tiếng Việt: Cuba
Volapük: Kubeän
Võro: Kuuba
walon: Couba
文言: 古巴
Winaray: Cuba
Wolof: Kubaa
吴语: 古巴
ייִדיש: קובא
Yorùbá: Kúbà
粵語: 古巴
Zazaki: Kuba
Zeêuws: Cuba
žemaitėška: Kuba
中文: 古巴