Confucius

A picture of Confucius, in Myths & Legends of China, 1922, by E.T.C. Werner

Confucius (born 551 BC, died 478 BC) was an important Chinese educator and philosopher. His original name was Kong Qiu or Zhong Ni. As a child, he was eager to learn about everything, and was very interested in rituals. Once he grew up, he worked as a state official who handled farms and cattle. Then he became a teacher.

Confucius lived in a time when many states were fighting wars in China.This period was called the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty.Confucius did not like this and wanted to bring order back to society.

  • teaching

Teaching

Like Socrates, Confucius sometimes did not answer philosophical questions himself. Instead he wanted people to think hard about problems and to learn from others, especially from history. Confucius also thought that people should get power because they were good and skilled, and not just because they came from powerful families.

Confucius wanted people to think about other people more than about money or what they owned. However he also felt that there should be strong rules in society and that people needed to obey them. Confucius thought that there were five relationships people could have, and that they all had their own rules. Two people could be

These were traditional relationships called the 'five prototypes'. Confucius said that in all these relationships, both people must obey rules. For example, a subject must obey a prince, but also a prince must listen to a subject and must rule him well and fairly.

Confucius said that people should only do things to other people if they would be okay with other people doing those things to themselves. This is sometimes called the Golden Rule and was also taught by Jesus Christ.

His students wrote down small stories about him, and things that he said. These were put together to make a book called The Analects.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Konfusius
Alemannisch: Konfuzius
አማርኛ: ኮንግ-ፉጸ
Ænglisc: Confucius
العربية: كونفوشيوس
aragonés: Confucio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܘܢܦܘܫܝܘܣ
armãneashti: Confutsiu
arpetan: Confucius
asturianu: Confuciu
Avañe'ẽ: Konfúsio
Aymar aru: Confucius
azərbaycanca: Konfutsi
تۆرکجه: کونفوسیوس
bamanankan: Confucius
Bân-lâm-gú: Khóng-chú
Basa Banyumasan: Konfusius
башҡортса: Конфуций
беларуская: Канфуцый
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Канфуцый
भोजपुरी: कन्फ्यूशियस
Bikol Central: Confucius
Bislama: Confucius
български: Конфуций
Boarisch: Konfuzius
བོད་ཡིག: ཁུང་ཙི།
bosanski: Konfucije
brezhoneg: Konfusius
буряад: Күнзы
català: Confuci
Чӑвашла: Конфуци
Cebuano: Confucio
čeština: Konfucius
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Confucius
corsu: Confuciu
Cymraeg: Conffiwsiws
dansk: Konfutse
Deitsch: Konfyuschus
Deutsch: Konfuzius
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކޮންފޫޝާ
dolnoserbski: Konfucius
eesti: Kong Fuzi
Ελληνικά: Κομφούκιος
English: Confucius
español: Confucio
Esperanto: Konfuceo
estremeñu: Confúciu
euskara: Konfuzio
فارسی: کنفوسیوس
Fiji Hindi: Confucius
føroyskt: Konfusius
français: Confucius
Frysk: Konfusius
Gaeilge: Confúicias
Gàidhlig: Confucius
galego: Confucio
贛語: 孔子
ગુજરાતી: કન્ફ્યુશિયસ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Khúng-chṳ́
хальмг: Конфуций
한국어: 공자
Hausa: Confucius
հայերեն: Կոնֆուցիոս
hornjoserbsce: Konfucius
hrvatski: Konfucije
Bahasa Hulontalo: Kong Hu Cu
Ido: Kong Zi
Ilokano: Confucius
Bahasa Indonesia: Kong Hu Cu (filsuf)
interlingua: Confucio
Interlingue: Konfuzius
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: Kunpusiusi
isiXhosa: UConfucius
íslenska: Konfúsíus
italiano: Confucio
עברית: קונפוציוס
Basa Jawa: Kong Hu Cu
Kabɩyɛ: Confucius
kalaallisut: Konfusiusi
Kapampangan: Confucius
ქართული: კონფუცი
қазақша: Құң-зы
kernowek: Confucius
Kiswahili: Konfusio
Kreyòl ayisyen: Confucius
kurdî: Konfusyus
Кыргызча: Конфуций
Ladino: Konfusio
Latina: Confucius
latviešu: Konfūcijs
Lëtzebuergesch: Konfuzius
lietuvių: Konfucijus
Ligure: Confucio
Limburgs: Confucius
Lingua Franca Nova: Kongzi
la .lojban.: kongzi
lumbaart: Confuci
magyar: Konfuciusz
मैथिली: कन्फुसियस
македонски: Конфучиј
Malagasy: Confucius
Malti: Konfuċju
მარგალური: კონფუცი
مازِرونی: کونفوسیوس
Bahasa Melayu: Confucius
Baso Minangkabau: Konfusius
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kūng-cṳ̄
Mirandés: Confúcio
монгол: Күнз
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကွန်ဖြူးရှပ်
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Confucius
Nederlands: Confucius
Nedersaksies: Konfusius
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᑯᓐᕗᓯ
नेपाली: कन्फुसियस
日本語: 孔子
Napulitano: Confucio
нохчийн: Конфуций
Norfuk / Pitkern: Konfucii
norsk: Konfucius
norsk nynorsk: Konfutse
Nouormand: Confucius
Novial: Kongzi
occitan: Confuci
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କନଫୁସିଅସ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Konfutsiy
Pangasinan: K'ung-Tzu
پنجابی: کنفیوشس
Patois: Kanfyuushos
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខុង ជឺ
Piemontèis: Confucio
Tok Pisin: Kongzi
Plattdüütsch: Konfuzius
polski: Konfucjusz
Ποντιακά: Κομφούκιον
português: Confúcio
Qaraqalpaqsha: Konfutsiy
reo tahiti: Confucius
română: Confucius
Romani: Confucius
rumantsch: Confucius
Runa Simi: Khunfuqi
русиньскый: Конфуцій
русский: Конфуций
саха тыла: Конфуций
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱚᱱᱯᱷᱩᱥᱤᱭᱚᱥ
Gagana Samoa: Konefasia
Sängö: Confucius
sardu: Confutziu
Scots: Confucius
Seeltersk: Confucius
Sesotho: Konfuzius
shqip: Konfuci
sicilianu: Cunfuciu
slovenčina: Konfucius
slovenščina: Konfucij
ślůnski: Kůnfucyjus
Soomaaliga: Confucius
српски / srpski: Конфучије
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Konfucije
Basa Sunda: Kong Hu Cu
suomi: Kungfutse
svenska: Konfucius
Tagalog: Confucius
Taqbaylit: Confucius
татарча/tatarça: Конфуций
тоҷикӣ: Конфутсий
Türkçe: Konfüçyüs
Türkmençe: Konfusiý
українська: Конфуцій
اردو: کنفیوشس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كۇڭزى
Vahcuengh: Gungjswj
vèneto: Confucio
Tiếng Việt: Khổng Tử
Volapük: Confucius
Võro: Kong Fuzi
文言: 孔子
West-Vlams: Confucius
Winaray: Confucius
Wolof: Confucius
吴语: 孔子
ייִדיש: קאנפוציוס
Yorùbá: Kọnfukiọsi
粵語: 孔子
Zazaki: Konfuçyus
Zeêuws: Confucius
žemaitėška: Konfucėjos
中文: 孔子