Christianity

Christianity is the world's most popular religion by number of adherents. Members of the religion are called Christians. It is a monotheistic religion, meaning it has only one God.[1]. It is the largest religion in the world and is based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

To most of the people of his time Jesus was a preacher, teacher, healer, and prophet from ancient Judea. However, his disciples believed him to be much more than that - they believed that Jesus was God's one and only son. The man said to be his father, Joseph, was a carpenter. Jesus was executed by being nailed to a cross (or crucified) under Pontius Pilate, the local Roman governor at the time.[2] His life and followers are written about in the New Testament, part of the Bible. Christians consider the Bible, both the Old Testament and New Testament, as sacred.[3] The Gospels or "The Good News" are the first four books of the New Testament and are about the life of Jesus, his death, and him rising from the dead.

Christians needed to come up with an explanation why the Bible mentions God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and yet there should only be one god. This idea, called Trinity, was started at the First Council of Nicaea, in 325, and developed during several church meetings or councils. Today, many Christian groups agree with it. Oriental Orthodox Churches did not agree with the idea, and split after the council. The biggest of the Oriental Orthodox is the Coptic Orthodox Church[4]. The Oriental Orthodox Churches agree with the ideas in the First Council of Nicaea, but they disagree with other councils.

An example of a more recent Christian movement that does not agree with the idea of the Trinity is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[5]. The Latter Day Saints started in the first half of the 19th century, in the United States. There are also smaller groups who do not believe in the Trinity at all.

God created the world. Jesus is the name of God the Son. Christians believe Him to be the Son of God. They believe that He was the human son of the Virgin Mary and the divine Son of God. They believe He suffered and died to free humans from their sin[6] and was later raised from the dead. He then went up into Heaven. At the end of time, Jesus will come back to Earth to judge all mankind, both alive and dead, giving everlasting life to those who believe in him. The Holy Spirit is the spirit of God on the Earth that spoke through prophets.

The prophets foretold in the Old Testament of Jesus as the Savior. Christians think of Jesus Christ as a teacher, a role model, and someone who revealed who the Christian God was.

Just like Judaism and Islam, Christianity is an Abrahamic religion.[7][8] Christianity started out as a Jewish sect[9][10] in the eastern Mediterranean. It quickly grew in number of believers and influence over a few decades, and by the 4th Century it had become the dominant religion in the Roman Empire. The Kingdom of Aksum became the first empire to adopt Christianity. During the Middle Ages, the rest of Europe mostly was Christianized. At that time, Christians were mostly a religious minority in the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of India.[11] Following the Age of Discovery, through missionary work and colonization, Christianity spread to Africa, the Americas, and the rest of the world.

Christianity has been an important part of the shaping of the world.[12] As of the early 21st century, Christianity has approximately 2.2 billion followers,[13][14]

Jesus Christ

The most basic part of Christianity is the belief in Jesus as the Son of God and Messiah (Christ). The title "Messiah" comes from the Hebrew word מָשִׁיחַ (māšiáħ) meaning anointed one. The Greek translation [Χριστός] error: : text has italic markup (help) (Christos) is the source of the English word "Christ". Joshua is English for the Hebrew word Yeshua.

A depiction of Jesus and Mary, the Theotokos of Vladimir (12th century).

Christians believe that, as the Messiah, Jesus was anointed by God as ruler and savior of all people. Christians also believe that Jesus' coming was the fulfillment of prophecies of the Old Testament. The Christian belief of the Messiah is much different than the contemporary Jewish concept. The main Christian belief is that, through the death and resurrection of Jesus, sinful humans can be reconciled to God. Through this, they believe they are given salvation and eternal life.[15]

There have been many theological disagreements over the nature of Jesus over the first centuries of Christian history. But Christians generally believe that Jesus is God incarnate and "true God and true man." Jesus, having become fully human, suffered the pain and temptations of a mortal man, but he did not sin. As fully God, he defeated death and came back to life again. According to the Bible, "God raised him from the dead,"[16] he ascended to heaven, is "seated at the right hand of the Father"[17] and will return again[18] to fulfill the rest of Messianic prophecy such as the Resurrection of the Dead, the Last Judgment, and the final creation of the Kingdom of God.

The Gospels of Matthew and Luke say that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the Virgin Mary. Only a little of Jesus' childhood is written in the canonical gospels, but infancy gospels were popular in antiquity. However, the time of Jesus' adulthood the week before his death is written much about in the gospels. Some of the Biblical writings of Jesus' ministry are: his baptism, miracles, preaching, teaching, and deeds.

Other Languages
Acèh: Kristen
адыгабзэ: Чыристан дин
Afrikaans: Christendom
Alemannisch: Christentum
አማርኛ: ክርስትና
Ænglisc: Crīstendōm
العربية: مسيحية
aragonés: Cristianismo
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܫܝܚܝܘܬܐ
armãneashti: Crișcinizmu
arpetan: Cristianismo
asturianu: Cristianismu
Avañe'ẽ: Hesu rape
azərbaycanca: Xristianlıq
تۆرکجه: مسیحیت
Bahasa Banjar: Kerestén
Bân-lâm-gú: Ki-tok-kàu
Basa Banyumasan: Kristen
башҡортса: Христианлыҡ
беларуская: Хрысціянства
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хрысьціянства
भोजपुरी: ईसाई धर्म
Bikol Central: Kristianismo
Bislama: Kristaniti
български: Християнство
Boarisch: Kristndum
bosanski: Kršćanstvo
brezhoneg: Kristeniezh
català: Cristianisme
Чӑвашла: Христианлăх
Cebuano: Kristiyanismo
čeština: Křesťanství
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Cristianismo
Cymraeg: Cristnogaeth
dansk: Kristendom
davvisámegiella: Risttalašvuohta
Deutsch: Christentum
ދިވެހިބަސް: މަސީހީދީން
dolnoserbski: Kśesćijaństwo
eesti: Kristlus
Ελληνικά: Χριστιανισμός
English: Christianity
español: Cristianismo
Esperanto: Kristanismo
estremeñu: Cristianismu
euskara: Kristautasun
فارسی: مسیحیت
Fiji Hindi: Isai Dharam
føroyskt: Kristindómur
français: Christianisme
Frysk: Kristendom
furlan: Cristianesim
Gagauz: Hristianlık
Gàidhlig: Crìosdaidheachd
galego: Cristianismo
贛語: 基督教
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Kristanvponn
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kî-tuk-kau
한국어: 기독교
हिन्दी: ईसाई धर्म
hornjoserbsce: Křesćanstwo
hrvatski: Kršćanstvo
Ilokano: Kristianidad
Bahasa Indonesia: Kekristenan
interlingua: Christianismo
Interlingue: Cristianisme
Iñupiak: Krgatsonik
isiZulu: UbuKhrestu
íslenska: Kristni
italiano: Cristianesimo
עברית: נצרות
Basa Jawa: Kristen
къарачай-малкъар: Христианлыкъ
ქართული: ქრისტიანობა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: عِیسائیت
қазақша: Христиандық
kernowek: Kristoneth
Kinyarwanda: Ubukirisitu
Kiswahili: Ukristo
Kongo: Kiyesu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Krisyanis
kurdî: Xiristiyanî
Кыргызча: Машаякчылык
Ladino: Kristianizmo
لۊری شومالی: دأرآسونه:مأسییأت
latviešu: Kristietība
Lëtzebuergesch: Chrëschtentum
lietuvių: Krikščionybė
Limburgs: Christendóm
lingála: Boklísto
Livvinkarjala: Hristianskoi usko
la .lojban.: xi'ojda
lumbaart: Cristianesim
मैथिली: ईसाई धर्म
македонски: Христијанство
Malagasy: Kristianisma
მარგალური: ქირსიანობა
مصرى: مسيحيه
مازِرونی: مسیحی دین
Bahasa Melayu: Kristian
Baso Minangkabau: Kristen
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gĭ-dók-gáu
Mirandés: Cristandade
мокшень: Кристозши
монгол: Христ итгэл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ခရစ်ယာန်ဘာသာ
Nāhuatl: Cristianoyōtl
Nederlands: Christendom
Nedersaksies: Christendom
नेपाली: ईसाई धर्म
日本語: キリスト教
Napulitano: Crestianesemo
нохчийн: Керсталла
Nordfriisk: Krastendoom
Norfuk / Pitkern: Kreschenitii
norsk: Kristendom
norsk nynorsk: Kristendommen
Nouormand: Chrêtchienneté
Novial: Kristianisme
occitan: Cristianisme
олык марий: Христианлык
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xristian dini
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਸਾਈ ਧਰਮ
پنجابی: مسیحیت
Papiamentu: Kristianismo
پښتو: مسيحيت
Patois: Kristianiti
ភាសាខ្មែរ: គ្រិស្តសាសនា
Picard: Cristianime
Piemontèis: Cristianésim
Tok Pisin: Lotu Kristen
Plattdüütsch: Christendom
português: Cristianismo
qırımtatarca: Hristianlıq
română: Creștinism
rumantsch: Cristianissem
русиньскый: Хрістіанство
русский: Христианство
саха тыла: Христианство
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ
Gagana Samoa: Kerisiano
संस्कृतम्: क्रैस्तमतम्
Seeltersk: Kristendum
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sekriste
sicilianu: Cristianèsimu
سنڌي: مسيحيت
SiSwati: Bukhristu
slovenčina: Kresťanstvo
slovenščina: Krščanstvo
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Хрїстїаньство
Soomaaliga: Masiixiyad
کوردی: مەسیحییەت
српски / srpski: Хришћанство
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hrišćanstvo
Basa Sunda: Kristen
svenska: Kristendom
Tagalog: Kristiyanismo
Taqbaylit: Tamasiḥit
татарча/tatarça: Христианлык
тоҷикӣ: Масеҳият
Türkçe: Hristiyanlık
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kërëthänuɔɔi
українська: Християнство
اردو: مسیحیت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مەسىھچىلىك
Vahcuengh: Geidoekgauq
vepsän kel’: Hristanuskond
Tiếng Việt: Kitô giáo
Volapük: Krit
Võro: Ristiusk
文言: 基督教
West-Vlams: Christndom
Winaray: Kristohanon
吴语: 基督宗教
Xitsonga: Vukreste
ייִדיש: קריסטנטום
粵語: 基督教
Zeêuws: Chrissendom
žemaitėška: Krėkštiuonībė
中文: 基督教
ГӀалгӀай: Кераста ди
Kabɩyɛ: Krɩstiyaniism
Lingua Franca Nova: Cristianisme