Charente-Maritime

Charente-Maritime
Department
Prefecture building of the Vienne department
Prefecture building of the Charente-Maritime department, in La Rochelle
Flag of Charente-Maritime
Flag
Coat of arms of Charente-Maritime
Coat of arms
Location of Charente-Maritime in France
Location of Charente-Maritime in France
Coordinates: 45°57′N 0°58′W / 45°57′N 0°58′W / 45.950; -0.967UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-17
Arrondissements5
Cantons27
Official website

Charente-Maritime (Saintongeais: Chérente-Marine) is a department on the west coast of France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is named after the Charente river, the most important river in the department, and its position along the coast.

Its prefecture is the city of La Rochelle.

History

Charente-Maritime and the old provinces of Saintonge, Poitou and Aunis.

The department, as Charente-Inférieure ("Lower Charente" because it was in the lower part of the Charente river), is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790.

It was created from parts of the old provinces of Saintonge and Aunis and small parts of Poitou and Angoumois.

The new department had seven districts: La Rochelle, Rochefort, Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Saintes, Pons, Montlieu and Marennes. The capital (now prefecture) was Saintes alternating with La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély but soon was changed and Saintes was kept as the only capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into six arrondissements: Saintes, Jonzac, Marennes, Rochefort, La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély and in 1810 the capital was moved to La Rochelle. [4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Marennes and Saint-Jean-d'Angély were eliminated. In 1943, Saint-Jean-d'Angély was made again an arrondissement.[4]

On 4 Septembre 1941, the name of the department was changed from Charente-Inférieure to the present name of Charente-Maritime.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Charente-Maritime
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Прыморская Шаранта
български: Шарант Маритим
davvisámegiella: Charente-Maritime
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Charente-Maritime
Bahasa Indonesia: Charente-Maritime
Kapampangan: Charente-Maritime
Bahasa Melayu: Charente-Maritime
Nederlands: Charente-Maritime
norsk nynorsk: Charente-Maritime
Plattdüütsch: Charente-Maritime
português: Charente-Maritime
slovenčina: Charente-Maritime
slovenščina: Charente-Maritime
српски / srpski: Приморски Шарант
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Charente-Maritime
Tiếng Việt: Charente-Maritime