Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil  ( Portuguese)
Coat of arms of Brazil
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ordem e Progresso"
(Portuguese)
"Order and Progress"
Anthem:  Hino Nacional Brasileiro
(Portuguese)
"Brazilian National Anthem"
National seal
Selo Nacional do Brasil National Seal of Brazil (color).svg
Brazil (orthographic projection).svg
Capital Brasília
Largest city São Paulo
Official languages Portuguese [1]
Ethnic groups (2010 [2]) 47.73% White
43.13% Brown ( Multiracial)
7.61% Black
1.09% Asian
0.43% Amerindian
Demonym Brazilian
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
•  President
Michel Temer ( PMDB) [3]
•  Vice President
Vacant
•  President of the Chamber of Deputies
Rodrigo Maia (DEM)
•  President of the Senate
Eunício Oliveira (PMDB)
•  Chief Justice
Cármen Lúcia
Legislature National Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Portugal
•  Declared
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
•  Republic
15 November 1889
•  Current constitution
5 October 1988
Area
• Total
8,514,877 km2 (3,287,612 sq mi) ( 5th)
• Water (%)
0.65
Population
• 2016 census
205,823,665 [4] ( 5th)
• Density
23.6/km2 (61.1/sq mi) ( 182nd)
GDP ( PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$3.081 trillion [5]
• Per capita
$14,800 [5]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.77 trillion [5]
• Per capita
$10,826 [5]
Gini (2014) 51.5 [6]
high
HDI (2015) 0.754 [7]
high ·  79th
Currency Real (R$) ([[ISO 4217| BRL]])
Time zone BRT [8] ( UTC -2 to -5 [8])
• Summer ( DST)
BRST ( UTC -2 to -5)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy ( CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +55
ISO 3166 code BR
Internet TLD .br
Brazilian National Congress

Brazil (officially called Federative Republic of Brazil; how to say: IPA:  [bɾɐˈziw]) is a country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country. The country has about 209 million people. The capital of Brazil is Brasília. Brazil was named after brazilwood. Brazilwood is a tree that once grew very well along the Brazilian coast. [9]

History

The first people to come to Brazil came around 9,000 B.C. [10] That group of people is often called the South American Indians. They probably came from North America. Some of them were hunters and gatherers, but others were farmers. [11]

Flag of Brazil, 1500.

Pedro Álvares Cabral was the first European to see Brazil. He saw it in 1500. He was from Portugal and the Portuguese government claimed Brazil. Soon, explorers explored the whole coastline of Brazil and colonies were set up. In the late 1500s and early 1600s the Dutch and the French would sometimes try to take land in Brazil. Brazilians started moving inland farther than the Treaty of Tordesillas said they could. This caused some fights with the Spaniards and native people in the area. [11]

In 1822, Brazil claimed to be its own country and not a part of Portugal anymore. Soon there was civil war. But the emperor Pedro II improved the economy, and in 1888, he freed the slaves. In 1889, there was a military coup and Pedro II had to leave the country. [11]

In 1889, Brazil became a republic. It was not very democratic, because the only people who could vote were people who owned land. There were some uprisings in the 1920s because some people thought the government was unfairly helping coffee growers. Brazil joined the Allies during World War II. [11]

During the 1960s, the leader Castelo Branco made the government like a dictatorship. Since then, the country has become more democratic, but some people feel that there are still big problems in health and education.

In September 2016, then- president Dilma Rousseff was removed from office because of impeachment.[ source?]

Other Languages
Acèh: Brasil
Адыгэбзэ: Бразилэ
адыгабзэ: Бразилие
Afrikaans: Brasilië
Akan: Brazil
Alemannisch: Brasilien
አማርኛ: ብራዚል
Ænglisc: Brasil
العربية: البرازيل
aragonés: Brasil
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܪܐܙܝܠ
arpetan: Brèsil
অসমীয়া: ব্ৰাজিল
asturianu: Brasil
Avañe'ẽ: Pindoráma
Aymar aru: Wrasil
azərbaycanca: Braziliya
تۆرکجه: برزیل
bamanankan: Brazil
বাংলা: ব্রাজিল
Bân-lâm-gú: Pa-se
Basa Banyumasan: Brasil
башҡортса: Бразилия
беларуская: Бразілія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бразылія
भोजपुरी: ब्राज़ील
Bikol Central: Brasil
Bislama: Brazil
български: Бразилия
Boarisch: Brasilien
བོད་ཡིག: པུ་རུ་ཟིལ།
bosanski: Brazil
brezhoneg: Brazil
буряад: Бразил
català: Brasil
Чӑвашла: Бразили
Cebuano: Brasil
čeština: Brazílie
Chamoru: Brazil
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Brasil
chiShona: Brazil
chiTumbuka: Brazil
corsu: Brasile
Cymraeg: Brasil
dansk: Brasilien
davvisámegiella: Brasilia
Deitsch: Brasilien
Deutsch: Brasilien
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބުރެޒިލް
dolnoserbski: Brazilska
eesti: Brasiilia
Ελληνικά: Βραζιλία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Braṡil
English: Brazil
español: Brasil
Esperanto: Brazilo
estremeñu: Brasil
euskara: Brasil
eʋegbe: Brazil
فارسی: برزیل
Fiji Hindi: Brazil
føroyskt: Brasil
français: Brésil
Frysk: Brazylje
Fulfulde: Barazil
furlan: Brasîl
Gaeilge: An Bhrasaíl
Gagauz: Braziliya
Gàidhlig: Braisil
galego: Brasil
贛語: 巴西
Gĩkũyũ: Brazil
گیلکی: برزيل
ગુજરાતી: બ્રાઝિલ
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌱𐍂𐌰𐌶𐌹𐌻
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: ब्राझील
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pâ-sî
한국어: 브라질
Hausa: Brazil
Hawaiʻi: Palakila
Հայերեն: Բրազիլիա
हिन्दी: ब्राज़ील
hornjoserbsce: Brazilska
hrvatski: Brazil
Igbo: Brazil
Ilokano: Brasil
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ব্রাজিল
Bahasa Indonesia: Brasil
interlingua: Brasil
Interlingue: Brasil
Ирон: Бразили
isiXhosa: Brasil
isiZulu: IBrazili
íslenska: Brasilía
italiano: Brasile
עברית: ברזיל
Basa Jawa: Brasil
kalaallisut: Brazil
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬ್ರೆಜಿಲ್
Kapampangan: Brasil
къарачай-малкъар: Бразилия
ქართული: ბრაზილია
kaszëbsczi: Brazylskô
қазақша: Бразилия
kernowek: Brasil
Kinyarwanda: Burezile
Kirundi: Brazil
Kiswahili: Brazil
Kongo: Brazilia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Brezil
Kurdî: Brazîl
Кыргызча: Бразилия
кырык мары: Бразили
Ladino: Brasil
лезги: Бразилия
لۊری شومالی: برزيل
latgaļu: Brazileja
Latina: Brasilia
latviešu: Brazīlija
Lëtzebuergesch: Brasilien
lietuvių: Brazilija
Ligure: Braxî
Limburgs: Brazilië
lingála: Brazil
Livvinkarjala: Braziilii
la .lojban.: razgu'e
lumbaart: Brasil
magyar: Brazília
मैथिली: ब्राजिल
македонски: Бразил
Malagasy: Brazila
മലയാളം: ബ്രസീൽ
Malti: Brażil
Māori: Parīhi
मराठी: ब्राझील
მარგალური: ბრაზილია
مصرى: برازيل
مازِرونی: برزیل
Bahasa Melayu: Brazil
Baso Minangkabau: Brasil
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bă-să̤
Mirandés: Brasil
мокшень: Бразилие
монгол: Бразил
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘရာဇီးနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Brasil
Dorerin Naoero: Bradir
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Brazil
Nederlands: Brazilië
Nedersaksies: Brazilië
नेपाली: ब्राजिल
नेपाल भाषा: ब्राजिल
日本語: ブラジル
Napulitano: Brasile
нохчийн: Бразили
Nordfriisk: Brasiilien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Bresel
norsk: Brasil
norsk nynorsk: Brasil
Nouormand: Brési
Novial: Brasilia
occitan: Brasil
олык марий: Бразилий
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବ୍ରାଜିଲ
Oromoo: Biraazil
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Braziliya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬ੍ਰਾਜ਼ੀਲ
पालि: ब्रासील
Pälzisch: Brasilje
Pangasinan: Brazil
پنجابی: برازیل
Papiamentu: Brazil
پښتو: برازیل
Patois: Brazil
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប្រេស៊ីល
Picard: Brésil
Piemontèis: Brasil
Tok Pisin: Brasil
Plattdüütsch: Brasilien
polski: Brazylia
português: Brasil
Qaraqalpaqsha: Braziliya
qırımtatarca: Brazil
reo tahiti: Parīihi
română: Brazilia
Romani: Brazil
rumantsch: Brasilia
Runa Simi: Prasil
русиньскый: Бразілія
русский: Бразилия
саха тыла: Бразилия
Gagana Samoa: Pasila
संस्कृतम्: ब्रासील
sardu: Brasile
Scots: Brazil
Seeltersk: Brasilien
Sesotho: Brazil
Sesotho sa Leboa: Brazil
shqip: Brazili
sicilianu: Brasili
සිංහල: බ්‍රසීලය
سنڌي: برازيل
slovenčina: Brazília
slovenščina: Brazilija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Браꙁїлїꙗ
ślůnski: Brazylijo
Soomaaliga: Barasiil
کوردی: بەڕازیل
Sranantongo: Brasilkondre
српски / srpski: Бразил
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Brazil
Basa Sunda: Brasil
suomi: Brasilia
svenska: Brasilien
Tagalog: Brazil
தமிழ்: பிரேசில்
Taqbaylit: Brazil
tarandíne: Brasile
татарча/tatarça: Бразилия
తెలుగు: బ్రెజిల్
tetun: Brazíl
ትግርኛ: ብራዚል
тоҷикӣ: Бразилия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏆᏏᎵ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Brazil
Tshivenda: Brazil
Türkçe: Brezilya
Türkmençe: Braziliýa
Twi: Brazil
тыва дыл: Бразилия
українська: Бразилія
اردو: برازیل
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: برازىلىيە
Vahcuengh: Bahsih
vèneto: Braxil
vepsän kel’: Brazilii
Tiếng Việt: Brasil
Volapük: Brasilän
Võro: Brasiilia
walon: Braezi
文言: 巴西
West-Vlams: Brazilië
Winaray: Brasil
Wolof: Breesil
吴语: 巴西
ייִדיש: בראזיל
Yorùbá: Brasil
粵語: 巴西
Zazaki: Brezilya
Zeêuws: Brezilië
žemaitėška: Brazilėjė
中文: 巴西
डोटेली: ब्राजिल
Kabɩyɛ: Piresiili