Basketball

A basketball
Part of a series of articles on
Sports
Summer Sports
Track and field athletics

Football (soccer)
Basketball
Rugby
Gymnastics
Baseball
American football
Cycling·Auto racing
Cricket·Golf
Field hockey·Handball
Archery·Shooting
Fencing·Weightlifting
Pentathlon·Triathlon
Horseback riding

Water sports

Swimming· Diving
Water polo·Sailing
Canoeing·Rowing

Martial arts

Boxing·Wrestling
Karate·Taekwondo

Net sports

Tennis· Volleyball
Table tennis· Badminton

Winter sports

Ice hockey· Skating

Skiing·Curling
Bobsled·Luge
Snowboarding·Biathlon
Ice sledge hockey

Basketball is a handball game usually played by two teams of five players on the court. A basketball is a spherical object that rolls and bounces. The objective is to get the ball through a hoop mounted high on a backboard at back end. It is a very popular sport worldwide, played with a round and usually orange ball that bounces. Basketball players mainly use skills such as dribbling, shooting, running, and jumping.

The game is played between men's teams or between women's teams. Basketball has been played in the Summer Olympic Games since 1936. The shot clock rule started in 1954. The first basketball game took place in 1892, where the court was half the size of what it is today.In 1891 the game was invented by James Naismith.

The history of basket ballIn early December 1891, James Naismith, a Canadian physical education teacher at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts invented an indoor game called basketball. He invented the sport to keep his students from becoming bored during the winter. Naismith wrote the basic rules and then nailed a peach basket onto a 20-foot tall pole. Unlike modern basketball hoops, the bottom of the peach-basket was still there, so after a point was scored, somebody had to get the ball out of the basket with a long stick. Over time, people made a hole at the bottom of the basket so the ball could go through more easily.

The score of the first game of basketball ever played was 1 - 0. There is a sculpture in Springfield, outside where the first game was held. The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is also in Springfield.

Since the rules hadn't been formally written, there was no maximum number of players then, unlike today. This also meant that there were no set rules to the game; Naismith only observed and changed the rules accordingly.

Rules

Basketball stadium in Malaysia.

The aim of basketball is to score more points than the other team, by shooting the ball in the basket. Baskets can be worth 1, 2, or 3 points. You get points by shooting the ball into the opponents' basket. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

Equipment

The court, where the game is played, is a rectangle, and at both end lines there is a goal called a "hoop" in the shape of a circle basket with the bottom cut out.

In each game of basketball these things are required:

  • Basketball
  • Basketball court
  • Basketball hoop and backboard

Teams

Basketball is played with two teams, with 5 players from each team on the court at one time. The maximum number of players on the bench differs by league. In international play, a maximum of 7 players are allowed on the bench, resulting in a roster of 12 players. The NBA has 13-player rosters; college and high school teams have 15-player rosters. When a player wants to substitute for another player on the court, they let the score bench know. The referees will signal for the player waiting to come into the court. The player that went into the game is now playing and the player that was playing is sitting on the bench known as substitutes.

Playing regulations

A game of basketball is made up of four different quarters, each ten (or in the National Basketball Association, 12) minutes long. In the NCAA, or National Collegiate Athletic Association, there are 2, 20 minute halves. At the start of every game the referee throws the basketball up in the air, and one player from each team tries to hit it to their teammates, that is called a "jump ball."

At the start of each quarter the team who has the possession arrow pointing towards their hoop gets the ball. Then the arrow is switched, and the next team gets the ball next quarter.

After four quarters, the team who scores the most points wins. If the two teams score the same number of points, there is a five-minute "overtime" to see who can score more points. "Overtime" can be played over and over until one team finally scores more points.

While playing the game, players on one team try to stop players on the other team from scoring. Each normal score is worth two points; however, if a player throws the ball into the hoop from behind the large arced line on the court, called the "3-point line," the score is worth three points.

If a player does something illegal in the game, it is called a "foul." If a player fouls someone on the other team who is shooting the basketball, the player who was fouled gets to shoot "free throws" from the "foul line". A free throw is a shot that no one is allowed to try to block. Each successful free throw is worth one point.

If a player fouls an opponent who is not shooting, the other team gets the ball, and can throw it in bounds from the sideline. Players can do three things with the ball: "dribble" (bounce) the ball, "pass" the ball to a teammate, or "shoot" the ball at the hoop. The player with the ball tries to keep the ball and not let the other team get it.

Once a player commits five fouls, he is no longer allowed to play in the game, and a player on the bench must go in the game immediately.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Basketbal
Alemannisch: Basketball
Ænglisc: Cawlþōðer
العربية: كرة السلة
aragonés: Baloncesto
asturianu: Baloncestu
Avañe'ẽ: Ajakakuapytĩ
azərbaycanca: Basketbol
تۆرکجه: بسکتبال
Bahasa Banjar: Baskét
Bân-lâm-gú: Nâ-kiû
башҡортса: Баскетбол
беларуская: Баскетбол
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Баскетбол
Bikol Central: Basketbol
български: Баскетбол
Boarisch: Basketboi
bosanski: Košarka
brezhoneg: Basketball
буряад: Баскетбол
català: Basquetbol
Чӑвашла: Баскетбол
čeština: Basketbal
Cymraeg: Pêl-fasged
dansk: Basketball
Deutsch: Basketball
eesti: Korvpall
English: Basketball
español: Baloncesto
Esperanto: Korbopilkado
estremeñu: Baloncestu
euskara: Saskibaloi
فارسی: بسکتبال
Fiji Hindi: Basketball
føroyskt: Kurvabóltur
français: Basket-ball
Frysk: Basketbal
furlan: Bale tal zei
Gaeilge: Cispheil
Gàidhlig: Ball-basgaid
galego: Baloncesto
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Làm-khiù
한국어: 농구
հայերեն: Բասկետբոլ
हिन्दी: बास्केटबॉल
hrvatski: Košarka
Ilokano: Basketbol
Bahasa Indonesia: Bola basket
interlingua: Basketball
Interlingue: Basketball
italiano: Pallacanestro
עברית: כדורסל
Basa Jawa: Baskèt
Kabɩyɛ: Ɖaakuɖe pombo
ქართული: კალათბურთი
қазақша: Баскетбол
Kinyarwanda: Umupira w’agatebo
Kiswahili: Mpira wa kikapu
коми: Кудсяр
Kreyòl ayisyen: Baskètbòl
kurdî: Basketbol
Кыргызча: Баскетбол
лакку: Баскетбол
latviešu: Basketbols
Lëtzebuergesch: Basketball
лезги: Баскетбол
lietuvių: Krepšinis
Lingua Franca Nova: Bascetbal
Livvinkarjala: Basketbol
magyar: Kosárlabda
मैथिली: बास्केटबल
македонски: Кошарка
Malti: Baskitbol
მარგალური: კარაჩხაბურთი
مازِرونی: بسکتوال
Bahasa Melayu: Bola keranjang
Baso Minangkabau: Bola basket
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lài-giù
Mirandés: Basquetebol
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘတ်စကက်ဘော
Nederlands: Basketbal
नेपाली: बास्केटबल
नेपाल भाषा: बास्केटबल
нохчийн: Баскетбол
norsk: Basketball
norsk nynorsk: Korgball
occitan: Basquetbòl
олык марий: Баскетбол
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Basketbol
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਸਕਟਬਾਲ
Pangasinan: Basketball
پنجابی: باسکٹ بال
Patois: Baaskitbaal
polski: Koszykówka
português: Basquetebol
Qaraqalpaqsha: Basketbol
română: Baschet
rumantsch: Ballabasket
Runa Simi: Isanka rump'u
русиньскый: Баскетбал
русский: Баскетбол
саха тыла: Баскетбол
Gagana Samoa: Pasiketipolo
Scots: Basketbaw
Sesotho sa Leboa: Kgwele ya ntlatlana
sicilianu: Palla a canistru
slovenčina: Basketbal
slovenščina: Košarka
ślůnski: Korbbal
Soomaaliga: Kubadda Koleyga
српски / srpski: Кошарка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Košarka
suomi: Koripallo
svenska: Basket
Tagalog: Basketbol
татарча/tatarça: Баскетбол
тоҷикӣ: Баскетбол
Tsetsêhestâhese: Hohtsemo
Türkçe: Basketbol
Türkmençe: Basketbol
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Dökthiɔ̈l
українська: Баскетбол
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ۋاسكېتبول
Vahcuengh: Lanzgiuz
vèneto: Bałacanestro
Tiếng Việt: Bóng rổ
Võro: Korvpall
West-Vlams: Basket
Winaray: Basketbol
吴语: 篮球
ייִדיש: קוישבאל
粵語: 籃球
Zazaki: Basketbol
žemaitėška: Krepšėnis
中文: 篮球