Ashkenazi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews
(יהודי אשכנז Y'hudey Ashkenaz in Ashkenazi Hebrew)
Total population
10[1]–11.2[2] million
Regions with significant populations
 United States5–6 million[3]
 Israel2.8 million[1][4]
 Russia194,000–500,000
 Argentina300,000
 United Kingdom260,000
 Canada240,000
 France200,000
 Germany200,000
 Ukraine150,000
 Australia120,000
 South Africa80,000
 Belarus80,000
 Hungary75,000
 Chile70,000
 Belgium30,000
 Brazil80,000
 Netherlands30,000
 Moldova30,000
 Poland25,000
 Mexico18,500
 Sweden18,000
 Latvia10,000
 Romania10,000
 Austria9,000
 New Zealand5,000
 Azerbaijan4,300
 Lithuania4,000
 Czech Republic3,000
 Slovakia3,000
 Estonia1,000
Languages
Yiddish[5]
Modern: Local languages, primarily English, Hebrew, Russian
Religion
Judaism, some secular, irreligious
Related ethnic groups
Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, Samaritans,[6][6][7][8] Kurds,[8] other Levantines (Druze, Assyrians,[6][7] Arabs[6][7][9][10]), Mediterranean groups (Italians,[11][12] Spaniards[13])[14][15][16][17]

Ashkenazi Jews / Ashkenazic Jews / Ashkenazim are Jews who originally lived in northern and eastern Europe. They once lived in the area of Rhineland and France and after the crusades they moved to Poland, Lithuania and Russia. In the 17th century, avoiding persecution, many Jews moved to and settled in Western Europe.

Scientists believe that Ashkenazi Jews originally came from the Land of Israel and initially went to Italy, France, and Germany. Later, during pogroms in the middle ages, mainly in Germany, they fled to Poland and Lithuania, and from there they spread over the rest of Eastern Europe. They then adopted the Yiddish language.[18][19]

After that, two terms, Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews, became commonly used: The former indicates the Jews who worshiped in the German way and spoke Yiddish, the latter indicates the Jews who worshiped in the Spanish way and spoke the Ladino language. They differ in language (pronunciation), cultural tradition and worship style.

During World War II, about 6 million Jews, 5 million of whom were Ashkenazi, were killed in the Holocaust. The Holocaust destroyed or greatly reduced the large Jewish communities and the Yiddish language in Europe. Many of the surviving Ashkenazi Jews emigrated to countries such as Israel, Canada, Argentina, Australia, and the United States after the war.

Today Ashkenazim are 80% of Jews of the world. They are also the mainstream of Israeli politics. Famous Ashkenazim are Albert Einstein, George Gershwin, Gustav Mahler, Franz Kafka.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Aschkenasim
العربية: يهود أشكناز
aragonés: Axkenazís
azərbaycanca: Aşkenazi yəhudiləri
беларуская: Ашкеназы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ашкеназы
български: Ашкенази
català: Asquenazites
Deutsch: Aschkenasim
Ελληνικά: Ασκεναζίτες
español: Asquenazí
Esperanto: Aŝkenazoj
euskara: Askenazi
فارسی: اشکنازی
français: Ashkénaze
galego: Asquenací
հայերեն: Աշկենազներ
hrvatski: Aškenazi
Bahasa Indonesia: Yahudi Ashkenazi
interlingua: Ashkenazi
italiano: Aschenaziti
ქართული: აშქენაზები
Кыргызча: Ашкеназдар
Ladino: Ashkenazim
لۊری شومالی: ٱشکنازی
Latina: Aschenates
latviešu: Aškenazi
magyar: Askenázik
Bahasa Melayu: Yahudi Ashkenaz
norsk: Askenaser
norsk nynorsk: Askenasar
occitan: Ashkenazim
Plattdüütsch: Aschkenasim
português: Asquenazes
română: Evrei așkenazi
русский: Ашкеназы
slovenčina: Aškenázski Židia
slovenščina: Aškenazi
српски / srpski: Ашкенази
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aškenazi
svenska: Ashkenazer
Türkçe: Aşkenaz
українська: Ашкеназі
ייִדיש: אשכנזים