Animation

An animated horse.

Animation is a way of making a movie from many still images. The images are put together one after another, and then played at a fast speed to give the illusion of movement.

Animation is a relatively new art form, and though the concept of moving images has been a theme throughout ancient civilizations, it was not until late into the 19th century that experimental animation truly began. Today, the industry of animation is booming, making up a huge commercial enterprise. However, among individual artists, it remains a sacred and unique form of art.

A person who makes animations is called an animator.

There are three ways to animate:

  1. Draw each frame
  2. Use stop-motion: make a model scene and change it to create a new image (frame)
  3. Make computer graphics
    Many of these images are called "GIF's" (pronounced Jif)
    This is a computer animation of circular waves made by an underwater explosion.

Overview

Because it is expensive to make, most animation comes from professional companies. However, independent animators have existed since the 1950s in America, with many of those people entering the professional industry. In Europe, the independent movement has existed since the 1910s, with animators like pre-revolutionary Russia's Ladislas Starevich and Germany's Lotte Reiniger.

On the internet, many people use a computer program called Adobe Flash to create animations. Flash uses a combination of drawing and computer graphics to make animations. Many animations on the internet are made in Flash. Most animators on the internet do not work for professional companies.

Many television shows, especially those made for children, use limited animation. Companies such as UPA and Hanna-Barbera Productions do this. Simple, limited movement makes the images easier to draw, which allows quicker and cheaper production of animation.

Many people consider animation to be childish and unsophisticated. However, animation has changed the course of art history by giving artists possibilities, not just normal, stationary art. Many animated movies have been made, and some have made a big profit.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Animasie
Alemannisch: Animation
العربية: تحريك صور
aragonés: Animación
অসমীয়া: এনিমেছন
asturianu: Animación
azərbaycanca: Cizgi filmi
Bân-lâm-gú: Tōng-ōe
башҡортса: Мультипликация
беларуская: Мультыплікацыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мультыплікацыя
български: Анимация
bosanski: Animacija
català: Animació
Cebuano: Animation
čeština: Animace
Cymraeg: Animeiddiad
dansk: Animation
Deutsch: Animation
Ελληνικά: Animation
English: Animation
español: Animación
Esperanto: Animacio
euskara: Animazio
فارسی: پویانمایی
Fiji Hindi: Animation
français: Image animée
Gaeilge: Beochan
galego: Animación
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thûng-va̍k
한국어: 애니메이션
हिन्दी: एनिमेशन
hrvatski: Animacija
Ilokano: Animasion
Bahasa Indonesia: Animasi
íslenska: Teiknimynd
italiano: Animazione
עברית: הנפשה
Basa Jawa: Animasi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅನಿಮೇಶನ್
ქართული: ანიმაცია
қазақша: Анимация
Кыргызча: Анимация
Latina: Ars animandi
latviešu: Animācija
lietuvių: Animacija
Livvinkarjala: Animacii
македонски: Анимација
മലയാളം: അനിമേഷൻ
मराठी: ॲनिमेशन
Bahasa Melayu: Animasi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dông-uâ
мокшень: Анимациесь
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အန်နီမေးရှင်း
Nederlands: Animatie (media)
नेपाली: एनिमेसन
नेपाल भाषा: एनिमेसन
norsk: Animasjon
norsk nynorsk: Animasjon
occitan: Animacion
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Multiplikatsiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਨੀਮੇਸ਼ਨ
پنجابی: اینیمیشن
پښتو: ساهيالي
polski: Animacja
português: Animação
română: Animație
Scots: Animation
shqip: Animimi
slovenščina: Animacija
کوردی: ئەنیمەیشن
српски / srpski: Анимација
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Animacija
Basa Sunda: Animasi
suomi: Animaatio
svenska: Animering
Tagalog: Animasyon
తెలుగు: యానిమేషన్
Türkçe: Animasyon
українська: Анімація
Tiếng Việt: Phim hoạt hình
文言: 動畫
Winaray: Animasyon
吴语: 动画
ייִדיש: אנימאציע
粵語: 動畫戲
žemaitėška: Moltėplėkacėjė
中文: 动画