Alcohol

This article is only about the chemistry of the alcohols.
The alcohol used in drinks is ethanol; more information can be found at alcoholic drink and alcoholism.

In chemistry, alcohol is a general term which refers to many organic compounds used in industry and science as reagents, solvents, and fuels. Alcohols are carbohydrates which are made of an alkyl group with one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups bound to its carbon atoms. Alcohol is colorless, and also transparent.

Names for alcohol

There are two ways of naming alcohols: Common names, and IUPAC names.

  • Common names often are made by taking the name of the alkyl group, and adding the word "alcohol". For example, "methyl alcohol" or "ethyl alcohol".
  • IUPAC names are made by taking the name of the alkane chain, removing the last "e", and adding "ol". Examples of this are "methanol" and "ethanol".
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Alkohol
Alemannisch: Alkohole
العربية: كحول
aragonés: Alcohol
armãneashti: Alcoolu
অসমীয়া: এলক'হল
asturianu: Alcohol
azərbaycanca: Spirtlər
تۆرکجه: الکول
Bân-lâm-gú: Alcohol
башҡортса: Спирт
беларуская: Спірты
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьпірт
български: Алкохол
bosanski: Alkohol
brezhoneg: Alkool
català: Alcohol
čeština: Alkoholy
Cymraeg: Alcohol
Deutsch: Alkohole
eesti: Alkoholid
Ελληνικά: Αλκοόλες
English: Alcohol
español: Alcohol
Esperanto: Alkoholo
euskara: Alkohol
فارسی: الکل
Fiji Hindi: Alcohol
føroyskt: Alkohol
français: Alcool (chimie)
Gaeilge: Alcóil
Gaelg: Alcoal
Gàidhlig: Alcol
galego: Alcohol
ગુજરાતી: આલ્કોહોલ
한국어: 알코올
հայերեն: Սպիրտ
हिन्दी: अल्कोहल
hrvatski: Alkoholi
Ilokano: Alkohol
Bahasa Indonesia: Alkohol
interlingua: Alcohol
íslenska: Alkóhól
italiano: Alcoli
עברית: כוהל
Basa Jawa: Alkohol
Kabɩyɛ: Alɩkɔɔlɩ
ქართული: სპირტი
қазақша: Алкогольдер
Kiswahili: Alkoholi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Alkòl
kurdî: Alkol
Кыргызча: Спирт
Ladino: Alkól
Latina: Alcohol
latviešu: Spirti
Lëtzebuergesch: Alkoholen
lietuvių: Alkoholis
Ligure: Alcooli
Limburgs: Alcohol
lingála: Lotoko
lumbaart: Alcol
magyar: Alkoholok
македонски: Алкохол
Bahasa Melayu: Alkohol
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အယ်လ်ကိုဟော
नेपाली: अल्कोहल
日本語: アルコール
Nordfriisk: Alkohol
norsk: Alkoholer
norsk nynorsk: Alkohol
occitan: Alcòl
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Spirtlar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਕੋਹਲ
پنجابی: الکحل
Patois: Alkoal
Plattdüütsch: Alkohol
polski: Alkohole
português: Álcool
Ripoarisch: Alkohol
română: Alcool
Runa Simi: Alkul
русиньскый: Алкоголы
русский: Спирты
Scots: Alcohol
shqip: Alkooli
sicilianu: Alcool
slovenščina: Alkohol
کوردی: ئەلکھول
српски / srpski: Алкохол
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Alkoholi
Basa Sunda: Alkohol
suomi: Alkoholit
svenska: Alkoholer
Tagalog: Alkohol
தமிழ்: மதுசாரம்
татарча/tatarça: Спиртлар
తెలుగు: ఆల్కహాలు
Türkçe: Alkol
українська: Спирти
اردو: الکحل
Tiếng Việt: Ancol
文言:
West-Vlams: Alcool
Winaray: Arkohol
吴语:
ייִדיש: אלקאהאל
Yorùbá: Ọtí
粵語: 酒精
žemaitėška: Alkuoguolis
中文: