Unitit States
English: United States

For the landmass comprisin North an Sooth Americae, see Americae. For ither uisses, see America (disambiguation).
Unitit States o Americae
Inglis: the United States
"In God we trust" (offeecial)[1][2][3]
"E pluribus unum" (Laitin) (tradeetional)
"Out o mony, ane"
Projection o North Americae wi the Unitit States in green
CaipitalWashington, D.C.
38°53′N 77°01′W / 38°53′N 77°01′W / 38.883; -77.017
Lairgest ceetyNew York Ceety
Offeecial leidsNone at federal level[a]
Naitional leidInglis[b]
GovrenmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Donald Trump (R)
• Vice Preses
Mike Pence (R)
• Speaker o the Hoose
Nancy Pelosi (D)
• Chief Justice
John Roberts
• Upper house
• Lower house
Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom from Great Breetain
• Declared
Julie 4, 1776
September 3, 1783
Juin 21, 1788
• Total
9,826,675 km2 (3,794,100 sq mi)[4][c] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
• 2013 estimate
329,145,000[5] (3rd)
• Density
34.2/km2 (88.6/sq mi) (180t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$16.724 trillion[6] (1st)
• Per capita
$52,839[6] (6t)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$16.724 trillion[6] (1st)
• Per capita
$52,839[6] (9t)
Gini (2011)47.7[7]
heich · 39t (2009)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.937[8]
verra heich · 3rd
CurrencyUnitit States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zoneUTC−5 to −10
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 to −10[e]
Drivin sidericht[g]
Cawin code+1
ISO 3166 codeUS
Internet TLD.us   .gov   .mil   .edu
  1. ^ Inglish is the offeecial leid o at least 28 states; some soorces gie heicher figurs, based on differin defineetions o "offeecial".[9] Inglish an Hawaiian are baith offeecial leids in the state o Hawaii.
  2. ^ Inglis is the de facto leid o American govrenment an the sole leid spoken at home bi 80 percent o Americans aged five an aulder. Spainyie is the seicont maist commonly spoken leid.
  3. ^ Whether the Unitit States or Cheenae is lairger haes been disputit. The figur gien is frae the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's The Warld Factbeuk. Ither soorces gie smawer figurs. Aw authoritative calculations o the kintra's size include anly the 50 states an the Destrict o Columbia, nae the territories.
  4. ^ The population estimate is o fowk whose uisual residence is within the 50 states an the Destrict o Columbia, regardless o naitionality. It daes nae include those livin in the territories (ower 4 million fowk, maistly in Puerto Rico).
  5. ^ See Time in the Unitit States for details aboot laws govrenin time zones in the Unitit States.
  6. ^ Daes nae include insular auries an Unitit States Minor Ootlyin Islands, which hae thair ain ISO 3166 codes.
  7. ^ Except U.S. Virgin Islands.
A pictur o the lawer 48 states Americae.

The Unitit States o Americae (Inglis: United States of America), commonly referred tae as the Unitit States (Inglis: United States, U.S.) or Americae (Inglis: America), is a constitutional federal republic componed o 50 states, a federal destrict, five major sel-govrening territories, an various possessions.[fn 1]Forty-aicht o the fifty states an the federal destrict are contiguous an locatit in North Americae atween Canadae an Mexico. The state o Alaska is in the northwast corner o North Americae, bordered bi Canadae tae the east an athort the Bering Strait frae Roushie tae the wast. The state o Hawaii is an airchipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered aboot the Paceefic Ocean an the Caribbean Sea. Nine time zones are covered. The geografie, climate an wildlife o the kintra are extremely diverse.[12]

At 3.8 million squerr miles (9.8 million km2)[13] an wi ower 324 million fowk, the Unitit States is the warld's fowert-lairgest kintra bi tot aurie (an fowerth-lairgest bi laund aurie)[fn 2] an the third-maist populous. It is ane o the warld's maist ethnically diverse an multicultural naitions, an is hame tae the warld's lairgest immigrant population.[18] Urbanisation climbed tae oweer 80% in 2010 an leads tae growin megaregions. The kintra's caipital is Washington, D.C. an its lairgest ceety is New York Ceety; the ither major metropolitan auries, aw wi aroond five million or mair indwallers, are Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, Boston, Dallas, Philadelphia, Houston, Miami, an Atlanta.

Paleo-Indians migrated frae Asie tae the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago.[19] European colonisation began in the 16t century. The Unitit States emerged frae 13 Breetish colonies alang the East Coast. Numerous disputes atween Great Breetain an the colonies in the eftermath o the Seiven Years' War led tae the American Revolution, which began in 1775. On Julie 4, 1776, as the colonies war fichtin Great Breetain in the American Revolutionary War, delegates frae the 13 colonies unanimously adoptit the Declaration o Unthirldom. The war endit in 1783 wi recogneetion o the unthirldom o the Unitit States bi Great Breetain, an wis the first successfu war o unthirldom against a European colonial empire.[20] The current constitution wis adoptit in 1788, efter the Airticles o Confederation, adoptit in 1781, war felt tae hae providit inadequate federal pouers. The first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill o Richts, war ratified in 1791 an designed tae guarantee mony fundamental ceevil liberties.

The Unitit States embarked on a vigorous expansion athort North Americae throuoot the 19t century,[21] displacin American Indian tribes, acquirin new territories, an gradually admittin new states till it spanned the continent in 1848.[21] During the seicont hauf o the 19t century, the American Ceevil War led tae the end o legal slavery in the kintra.[22][23] Bi the end o that century, the Unitit States extendit intae the Paceefic Ocean,[24] an its economy, driven in lairge pairt bi the Industrial Revolution, began tae soar.[25] The Spaingie–American War an Warld War I confirmed the kintra's status as a global militar pouer. The Unitit States emerged frae Warld War II as a global superpouer, the first kintra tae develop nuclear wappens, the anly kintra tae uise them in warfare, an a permanent member o the Unitit Naitions Security Cooncil. It is a foondin member o the Organisation o American States (OAS) an various ither Pan-American an internaitional organisations. The end o the Cauld War an the dissolution o the Soviet Union in 1991 left the Unitit States as the warld's sole superpouer.[26]

The Unitit States is a heichly developed kintra, wi the warld's lairgest economy bi nominal GDP. It ranks heichly in several meisurs o socioeconomic performance, includin average wage,[27] human development, per capita GDP, an productivity per person.[28] While the U.S. economy is considered post-industrial, chairacterised bi the dominance o services an knawledge economy, the manufacturin sector remains the seicont-lairgest in the warld.[29] Tho its population is anly 4.3% o the warld tot,[30] the Unitit States accoonts for nearly a quarter o warld GDP[31] an ower a third o global militar spendin,[32] makkin it the warld's foremaist economic an militar pouer. The Unitit States is a prominent poleetical an cultural force internaitionally, an a leader in scienteefic resairch an technological innovations.[33]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: USA
አማርኛ: አሜሪካ
aragonés: Estatos Unitos
مصرى: امريكا
Aymar aru: Istadus Unidus
žemaitėška: JAV
Bikol Central: Estados Unidos
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
भोजपुरी: अमेरिका
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Estados Unidos de America
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mī-guók
Tsetsêhestâhese: United States
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᑭᐦᒋ ᒨᐦᑯᒫᓇᐢᑭᕀ
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Амєрїканьскꙑ Ѥдьнѥнꙑ Дрьжавꙑ
dansk: USA
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Pawuut Matiic
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެމެރިކާ
eʋegbe: United States
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Stat Unî
English: United States
Esperanto: Usono
español: Estados Unidos
estremeñu: Estaus Uníus
Na Vosa Vakaviti: United States
føroyskt: USA
français: États-Unis
arpetan: Ètats-Unis
贛語: 美國
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अमेरिकेचीं संयुक्त राज्यां
Bahasa Hulontalo: Amerika Serikat
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌺𐌰
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mî-koet
Fiji Hindi: United States
Kreyòl ayisyen: Etazini
Bahasa Indonesia: Amerika Serikat
Ido: Usa
íslenska: Bandaríkin
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᒥᐊᓕᑲ
la .lojban.: mergu'e
Kabɩyɛ: Etaazuunii
Gĩkũyũ: United States
kalaallisut: Naalagaaffeqatigiit
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក
한국어: 미국
kernowek: Statys Unys
Lingua Franca Nova: Statos Unida de America
Luganda: Amerika
Basa Banyumasan: Amerika Serikat
Malagasy: Etazonia
Minangkabau: Amerika Sarikat
Bahasa Melayu: Amerika Syarikat
Dorerin Naoero: Eben Merika
Plattdüütsch: USA
Nederlands: Verenigde Staten
norsk nynorsk: USA
norsk: USA
Sesotho sa Leboa: United States of America
Chi-Chewa: United States
Livvinkarjala: Amerikan Yhtysvallat
Pangasinan: Estados Unidos
Kapampangan: Estados Unidos
Deitsch: Amerikaa
Norfuk / Pitkern: Yunitid Staits o' Merika
پنجابی: امریکہ
português: Estados Unidos
rumantsch: Stadis Unids
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ
sicilianu: Stati Uniti
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sjedinjene Američke Države
Simple English: United States
slovenčina: Spojené štáty
Sranantongo: Kondre Makandrameki
svenska: USA
Kiswahili: Marekani
ไทย: สหรัฐ
Setswana: USA
Tok Pisin: Ol Yunaitet Stet
Xitsonga: Amerikha
chiTumbuka: United States
Twi: Amerika
reo tahiti: Fenua Marite
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Tiếng Việt: Hoa Kỳ
Volapük: Lamerikän
吴语: 美国
Vahcuengh: Meijgoz
中文: 美国
文言: 美國
Bân-lâm-gú: Bí-kok
粵語: 美國
isiZulu: IMelika