Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan  ( Turkmen)
Banner o Turkmenistan
Emblem o Turkmenistan
Banner Emblem
Anthem: 
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
State Anthem o Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan

Location o  Turkmenistan  (reid)
Location o  Turkmenistan  (reid)
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Ashgabat
37°58′N 58°20′E / 37°58′N 58°20′E / 37.967; 58.333
Offeecial leids Turkmen [1]
Inter-ethnic
leids
Roushie
Ethnic groups (2003)
Demonym Turkmen
Govrenment Unitary dominant-pairty presidential republic unner an Authoritarian Regime
•  Preses
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
•  Chairman o the Mejlis
Akja Nurberdiýewa
Legislatur Mejlis
Formation
1511
•  Turkestan ASSR
30 Apryle 1918
13 Mey 1925
• Declared state sovereignty
22 August 1990
• Declared unthirldom frae the Soviet Union
27 October 1991
• Recognised
26 December 1991
•  Current constitution
18 Mey 1992
Aurie
• Tot
491,210 km2 (189,660 sq mi) [3] ( 53rd)
• Watter (%)
4.9
Population
• 2014 estimate
5,171,943 [4] ( 117t)
• Density
10.5/km2 (27.2/sq mi) ( 221st)
GDP ( PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$103.987 billion [5]
• Per capita
$18,771 [5]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$42.355 billion [5]
• Per capita
$7,645 [5]
Gini (1998) 40.8
middlin
HDI (2014) Increase 0.688 [6]
middlin ·  109t
Siller Turkmen new manat ( TMT)
Time zone TMT ( UTC+5)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +993
Internet TLD .tm

The Turkmenistan ( Turkmen:Türkmenistan), an aa kent as Turkmenia ( Roushie:Туркмения) is ane o the Turkic states in Central Asie. Till 1991, it wis a constituent republic o the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is ane o the sax independent Turkic states. It is bordered bi Afghanistan tae the sootheast, Iran tae the sooth an soothwast, Uzbekistan tae the east an northeast, Kazakhstan tae the north an northwast an the Caspian Sea tae the wast.

Admeenistrative diveesions

Provinces o Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is dividit intae five provinces or welayatlar (singular welayat) an ane caipital ceety destrict. The provinces are subdividit intae destricts (etraplar, sing. etrap), which mey be either coonties or ceeties. Accordin tae the Constitution o Turkmenistan (Airticle 16 in the 2008 Constitution, Airticle 47 in the 1992 Constitution), some ceeties mey hae the status o welaýat (province) or etrap (destrict).

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Туркменистан
Afrikaans: Turkmenistan
Alemannisch: Turkmenistan
aragonés: Turkmenistán
Ænglisc: Turcmenistan
العربية: تركمانستان
asturianu: Turkmenistán
azərbaycanca: Türkmənistan
башҡортса: Төркмәнстан
Boarisch: Tuakmenien
žemaitėška: Torkmienėstans
Bikol Central: Turkmenistan
беларуская: Туркменістан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Туркмэністан
български: Туркменистан
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: তুর্কমেনিস্তান
brezhoneg: Turkmenistan
bosanski: Turkmenistan
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Turkmenistan
català: Turkmenistan
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Turkmenistan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Turkmenistan
нохчийн: Туркмени
Cebuano: Turkmenistan
qırımtatarca: Türkmenistan
čeština: Turkmenistán
kaszëbsczi: Turkmenistan
Чӑвашла: Туркменистан
Cymraeg: Tyrcmenistan
Deutsch: Turkmenistan
dolnoserbski: Turkmeńska
ދިވެހިބަސް: ތުރުކުމެނިސްތާން
eʋegbe: Turkmenistan
Ελληνικά: Τουρκμενιστάν
English: Turkmenistan
Esperanto: Turkmenio
español: Turkmenistán
euskara: Turkmenistan
estremeñu: Turkmenistán
فارسی: ترکمنستان
føroyskt: Turkmenistan
français: Turkménistan
arpetan: Turcmènistan
Nordfriisk: Turkmenistan
Gàidhlig: Turcmanastàn
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: तुर्कमेनिस्तान
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Turkmenistan
Fiji Hindi: Turkmenistan
hrvatski: Turkmenistan
hornjoserbsce: Turkmenistan
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tirkmenistan
Հայերեն: Թուրքմենստան
interlingua: Turkmenistan
Bahasa Indonesia: Turkmenistan
Interlingue: Turkmenistan
Ilokano: Turkmenistan
íslenska: Túrkmenistan
italiano: Turkmenistan
Basa Jawa: Turkménistan
ქართული: თურქმენეთი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tu'rkmenistan
Адыгэбзэ: Тыркуменистэн
Kabɩyɛ: Turkimenistanɩ
Gĩkũyũ: Turkmenistan
қазақша: Түрікменстан
ភាសាខ្មែរ: តួរមិនីស្ថាន
Kurdî: Tirkmenistan
kernowek: Pow Turkmen
Кыргызча: Түркмөнстан
Latina: Turcomannia
Ladino: Turkmenistan
Lëtzebuergesch: Turkmenistan
Limburgs: Turkmenistan
Ligure: Turkmenistan
lumbaart: Turkmenistan
lingála: Turkmenistáni
لۊری شومالی: تورکأمأنئستان
lietuvių: Turkmėnija
latviešu: Turkmenistāna
олык марий: Туркменистан
Baso Minangkabau: Turkmenistan
македонски: Туркменистан
Bahasa Melayu: Turkmenistan
مازِرونی: ترکمونستون
Dorerin Naoero: Turkmenistan
Nāhuatl: Turcmenistan
Plattdüütsch: Turkmenistan
नेपाल भाषा: तर्कमेनिस्तान
Nederlands: Turkmenistan
norsk nynorsk: Turkmenistan
Novial: Turkmenistan
occitan: Turcmenistan
Livvinkarjala: Turkmenistuanu
Kapampangan: Turkmenistan
Papiamentu: Turkmenistan
Norfuk / Pitkern: Terkmenistaan
polski: Turkmenistan
Piemontèis: Turkmenistan
پنجابی: ترکمانستان
português: Turquemenistão
Runa Simi: Turkminsuyu
română: Turkmenistan
русский: Туркмения
русиньскый: Туркменістан
Kinyarwanda: Turukimenisitani
संस्कृतम्: तुर्कमिनिस्थान
саха тыла: Түркменистаан
sicilianu: Turkmenistan
davvisámegiella: Turkmenistan
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Turkmenistan
Simple English: Turkmenistan
slovenčina: Turkménsko
slovenščina: Turkmenistan
chiShona: Turkmenistan
Soomaaliga: Turkmenistan
српски / srpski: Туркменистан
SiSwati: IThumekhi
Basa Sunda: Turkménistan
svenska: Turkmenistan
Kiswahili: Turkmenistan
ślůnski: Turkmyńistan
Türkmençe: Türkmenistan
Tagalog: Turkmenistan
Türkçe: Türkmenistan
татарча/tatarça: Төрекмәнстан
chiTumbuka: Turkmenistan
удмурт: Туркмения
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تۈركمەنىستان
українська: Туркменістан
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Turkmaniston
vepsän kel’: Turkmenistan
Tiếng Việt: Turkmenistan
West-Vlams: Turkmenistan
Volapük: Turkmenän
Winaray: Turkmenistan
хальмг: Йомудин Орн
მარგალური: თურქმენეთი
Zeêuws: Toerkmenistan
Bân-lâm-gú: Turkmenistan
粵語: 土庫曼