Romanie
English: Romania

Romanie

România  (Romanie)
Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Romanie!"

Romanie  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

CaipitalBucharest
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417; 26.100
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsRomanie[1]
Recognised minority
leids[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011[3])
  • 88.9% Romanians
  • 6.1% Hungarians
  • 3.0% Roma
  • 0.2% Ukrainians
  • 0.2% Germans
Demonym(s)Romanie
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential
republic
• Preses
Klaus Iohannis
• Prime Meenister
Vasilica-Viorica Dăncilă
LegislaturPairlament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Chaumer o Deputes
Formation
• Kinrick o Dacia
168 BC
• Roman conquest
106
275 – 10t century
• First Romanian polities
10t century – 1330
1330
• Principality o Moldavie
1346
• Principality o Transylvanie
1570
• First union unner Michael the Brave
1600
• Unitit Principalitiesa
24 Januar 1859
• Unthirldom frae
the Ottoman Empire
9 Mey 1877 / 1878b
14 Mairch 1881
• Great Unionc
1 December 1918d
Aurie
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
3
Population
• 2015 estimate
19,511,000 Decrease[4] (59t)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3] (58t)
• Density
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$470.312 billion[5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$23,957 (61st)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$197.004 billion[5] (49t)
• Per capita
$10,097 (67t)
Gini (2013)Steady 34[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.802[7]
verra heich · 50t
CurrencyRomanie leu (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.roe
  1. The dooble election o Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavie an Wallachie (respectively, 5 an 24 Januar 1859).
  2. Unthirldom proclaimed on 9 Mey 1877, internaitionally recognised in 1878.
  3. The union o Romanie wi Bessarabie, Bukovina an Transylvanie in 1918.
  4. Monarchy wis abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation o the Fowkrepublic an wis cheenged wi the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic govrenment wis installed on 20 Mey 1990 an the new post-communist constitution wis adoptit on 21 November 1991. Romanie jyned the European Union on 1 Januar 2007.
  5. An aa .eu, shared wi ither European Union member states.

Romania (Romanie: România Listenia]) is a sovereign state locatit in Sootheastren Europe. It mairches the Black Sea, Bulgarie, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbie, an Moldovae. It haes an aurie o 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi) an a temperate-continental climate. Wi awmaist 20 million indwallers, the kintra is the seivent maist populous member state o the European Union. Its caipital an lairgest ceety, Bucharest, is the saxt-lairgest ceety in the EU, wi 1,883,425 indwallers as o 2011.[8]

The River Danube, Europe's seicont-langest river, rises in Germany an flowes in a general sootheast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coorsin throu ten kintras afore emptyin intae Romanie's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Moontains, that cross Romanie frae the north tae the soothwast, include Moldoveanu, at 2,544 m (8,346 ft).[9]

Modren Romanie wis formed in 1859 throu a personal union o the Danubian Principalities o Moldavie an Wallachie. The new state, offeecially named Romanie syne 1866, gained unthirldom frae the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end o Warld War I, Transylvanie, Bukovina an Bessarabie unitit wi the sovereign Kinrick o Romanie. In Warld War II, Romanie wis an ally o Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union, fechtin side bi side wi the Wehrmacht till 1944, whan it jyned the Allied pouers an faced occupation bi the Reid Airmy forces. Romanie lost several territories, o that Northren Transylvanie wis regained efter the war. Follaein the war, Romanie becam a socialist republic an member o the Warsaw Pact. Efter the 1989 Revolution, Romanie begoud a transeetion taewart democracy an a caipitalist mercat economy.

Romanie is a developin kintra an ane o the puirest in the European Union, rankin 50t in the Human Development Index,[10][11] awtho as o 2017 its economy is growin at an estimatit annual rate o 5%, tied wi Maltae for the heichest in the EU.[12] Follaein rapid economic growthe in the early 2000s, Romanie haes an economy predominantly based on services, an is a producer an net exporter o machines an electric energy, featurin companies lik Automobile Dacia an OMV Petrom. It haes been a member o NATO syne 2004, an pairt o the European Union syne 2007. A strang majority o the population identifee themsels as Eastren Orthodox Christians an are native speakers o Romanie, a Romance leid. The cultural history o Romanie is eften referred tae whan dealin wi influential airtists, muisickers, inventors, an sportsfowk.

  • references

References

  1. "Constitution of Romania". Cdep.ro. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Romanie). INSSE. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  4. "United Nations world population prospects".(PDF) 2015 Revision
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Romania". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report Romania" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  9. "Romania Geography". aboutromania.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  10. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  11. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ""Country Comparison : GDP - Real Growth Rate", CIA World Factbook, accessed 26 July 2017". Cia.gov. Archived frae the oreeginal on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 



Other Languages
Acèh: Rumania
адыгабзэ: Румание
Afrikaans: Roemenië
Alemannisch: Rumänien
አማርኛ: ሮማንያ
aragonés: Rumanía
Ænglisc: Rumǣnia
العربية: رومانيا
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܪܘܡܢܝܐ
مصرى: رومانيا
asturianu: Rumanía
авар: Романия
Aymar aru: Rumanya
azərbaycanca: Rumıniya
تۆرکجه: رومانی
башҡортса: Румыния
Bali: Romania
Boarisch: Rumänien
žemaitėška: Romunėjė
Bikol Central: Romanya
беларуская: Румынія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Румынія
български: Румъния
भोजपुरी: रोमानिया
Bislama: Romania
བོད་ཡིག: རོ་མ་ནི་ཡ།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রোমানিয়া
brezhoneg: Roumania
bosanski: Rumunija
буряад: Румыни
català: Romania
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Rumanía
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Romania
нохчийн: Румыни
Cebuano: Rumanya
Chamoru: Rumania
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎶᎹᏂᏯ
کوردی: ڕۆمانیا
corsu: Romania
qırımtatarca: Romaniya
čeština: Rumunsko
kaszëbsczi: Rumùńskô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Роумꙑнїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Румыни
Cymraeg: Rwmania
dansk: Rumænien
Deutsch: Rumänien
Zazaki: Romanya
dolnoserbski: Rumuńska
डोटेली: रोमानिया
ދިވެހިބަސް: ރުމޭނިއާ
eʋegbe: Romania
Ελληνικά: Ρουμανία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Rumania
English: Romania
Esperanto: Rumanio
español: Rumania
eesti: Rumeenia
euskara: Errumania
estremeñu: Rumania
فارسی: رومانی
Fulfulde: Romaniya
suomi: Romania
Võro: Rumeeniä
føroyskt: Rumenia
français: Roumanie
arpetan: Roumanie
Nordfriisk: Rumänien
furlan: Romanie
Frysk: Roemeenje
Gaeilge: An Rómáin
Gagauz: Romıniya
Gàidhlig: Romàinia
galego: Romanía
Avañe'ẽ: Rrumáña
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: रोमेनिया
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌾𐌰
ગુજરાતી: રોમાનિયા
Gaelg: Yn Romaan
Hausa: Romainiya
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Romania
Hawaiʻi: Romānia
עברית: רומניה
हिन्दी: रोमानिया
Fiji Hindi: Romania
hrvatski: Rumunjska
hornjoserbsce: Rumunska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Woumani
magyar: Románia
հայերեն: Ռումինիա
interlingua: Romania
Bahasa Indonesia: Rumania
Interlingue: Rumania
Igbo: Romania
Ilokano: Romania
Ido: Rumania
íslenska: Rúmenía
italiano: Romania
日本語: ルーマニア
Patois: Rumienia
la .lojban.: romanias
Jawa: Ruméni
ქართული: რუმინეთი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Rumıniya
Taqbaylit: Rumanya
Адыгэбзэ: Румыниэ
Kabɩyɛ: Rumaanii
Kongo: Romania
қазақша: Румыния
kalaallisut: Rumænia
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರೊಮಾನಿಯ
한국어: 루마니아
Перем Коми: Ромыния
къарачай-малкъар: Румыния
kurdî: Romanya
коми: Румыния
kernowek: Roumani
Кыргызча: Румыния
Latina: Romania
Ladino: Rumania
Lëtzebuergesch: Rumänien
лакку: Румыниа
лезги: Румыния
Lingua Franca Nova: Romania
Limburgs: Roemenië
Ligure: Romania
lumbaart: Rumania
lingála: Rumania
lietuvių: Rumunija
latgaļu: Rumuneja
latviešu: Rumānija
мокшень: Румыние
Malagasy: Romania
олык марий: Румыний
Māori: Romeinia
македонски: Романија
മലയാളം: റൊമാനിയ
монгол: Румын
मराठी: रोमेनिया
Bahasa Melayu: Romania
Malti: Rumanija
Mirandés: Roménia
مازِرونی: رومانی
Dorerin Naoero: Romainiya
Napulitano: Rumania
Plattdüütsch: Rumänien
Nedersaksies: Roemenië
नेपाली: रोमानिया
नेपाल भाषा: रोमानिया
Nederlands: Roemenië
norsk nynorsk: Romania
norsk: Romania
Novial: Rumania
Nouormand: Roumanie
occitan: Romania
Livvinkarjala: Rumiinii
Oromoo: Romaaniyaa
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ରୋମାନିଆ
Ирон: Румыни
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੋਮਾਨੀਆ
Pangasinan: Romaniya
Kapampangan: Romania
Papiamentu: Romania
Picard: Roumanie
Deitsch: Rumeenie
Norfuk / Pitkern: Romainya
polski: Rumunia
Piemontèis: Romanìa
پنجابی: رومانیہ
Ποντιακά: Ρουμανία
پښتو: رومانیا
português: Romênia
Runa Simi: Rumanya
rumantsch: Rumenia
romani čhib: Rumuniya
română: România
armãneashti: Romãnia
tarandíne: Romanie
русский: Румыния
русиньскый: Румуньско
Kinyarwanda: Romaniya
саха тыла: Румыния
sardu: Romania
sicilianu: Rumanìa
سنڌي: رومانيہ
davvisámegiella: Románia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rumunija
Simple English: Romania
slovenčina: Rumunsko
slovenščina: Romunija
Gagana Samoa: Romania
chiShona: Romania
Soomaaliga: Romania
shqip: Rumania
српски / srpski: Румунија
Sranantongo: Romenikondre
SiSwati: IRomaniya
Sesotho: Romania
Seeltersk: Rumänien
Sunda: Romania
svenska: Rumänien
Kiswahili: Romania
ślůnski: Růmůńijo
Sakizaya: Romania
తెలుగు: రొమేనియా
tetun: Roménia
тоҷикӣ: Руминия
ትግርኛ: ሮማንያ
Türkmençe: Rumyniýa
Tagalog: Romania
Tok Pisin: Romenia
Türkçe: Romanya
татарча/tatarça: Румыния
chiTumbuka: Romania
Twi: Romania
удмурт: Румыния
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: رۇمىنىيە
українська: Румунія
اردو: رومانیہ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ruminiya
vèneto: Romanìa
vepsän kel’: Romanii
Tiếng Việt: România
West-Vlams: Roemenië
Volapük: Rumän
walon: Roumaneye
Winaray: Rumania
Wolof: Romaani
吴语: 罗马尼亚
хальмг: Румудин Орн
მარგალური: რუმინეთი
ייִדיש: רומעניע
Yorùbá: Románíà
Vahcuengh: Romania
Zeêuws: Roemenië
中文: 羅馬尼亞
文言: 羅馬尼亞
Bân-lâm-gú: Romania
粵語: 羅馬尼亞