Nepal
English: Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal
  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Emblem
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mither an Mutherland are Greater nor Heiven (Scots)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made o Hunders o Flouers (Scots)
Location o Nepal
Location o Nepal
Caipital
and largest city
Kathmandu
27°42′N 85°19′E / 27°42′N 85°19′E / 27.700; 85.317
Offeecial leidsNepali
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2011)
Releegion 81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreleegion[3][4]
DemonymNepalese
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
• Vice Preses
Nanda Kishor Pun
• Prime Meenister
Sher Bahadur Deuba
• Speaker o Hoose
Onsari Gharti Magar
• Chief Juistice
Gopal Parajuli
LegislaturPairlament
Unification
• Kinrick declared
25 September 1768[5]
• State declared
15 Januar 2007
• Republic declared
28 Mey 2008
Aurie
• Total
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (95th)
• Water (%)
2.8
Population
• 2017 estimate
28,825,709 (48t)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[2]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nt)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$74.020 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,573[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$24.067 billion[6] ((107th))
• Per capita
$837[6]
Gini (2010)negative increase 32.8[7]
medium
HDI (2016)Increase 0.558[8]
medium · 144th
CurrencyNepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (Nepal Staundart Time)
DST nae observed
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np
.नेपाल

Nepal (pronounced /nɛˈpɔːl/ (deprecatit template) ne-PAWL[9] Nepali: नेपाल Aboot this soond[neˈpal] ), offeecially the Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal, is a landlockt kintra in Sooth Asie. It is locatit in the Himalayas an bordered tae the north bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an tae the sooth, east, an wast bi the Republic o Indie. Wi an aurie o 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) an a population o approximately 30 million, Nepal is the warld's 93rd lairgest kintra b land mass[10] an the 41st maist populous kintra. Kathmandu is the naition's caipital an the kintra's lairgest metropolis.

Nepal haes a rich geography. The muntainous north haes aicht o the warld's ten tawest muntains, includin the hichtest pynt on Yird, Munt Everest, cawed Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains mair nor 240 peaks ower 20,000 ft (6,096 m) abuin sea level.[11] The fertile an humid sooth is heavily urbanised.

Bi some measures, Hinduism is practised bi a lairger majority o fowk in Nepal than in ony ither naition.[12] Buddhism, tho a minority faith in the kintra, is linkt historically wi Nepal as the birthplace o the Buddha. Thare are 3 different buddhist tradeetions: Himalayan Buddhism, Buddhism o Kathmandu Valley (maistly Mahayana an Vajrayana), an an aa the Theravada Buddhism.

Aboot hauf o the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o $1.25 a day.[13]

A monarchy throughoot maist o its history, Nepal wis ruled bi the Shah dynasty o keengs frae 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its mony sma kinricks. In 2006, housomeivver, a decade-lang Fowkrevolution bi the Communist Pairty o Nepal (Maoist) alang wi several weeks o mass protests bi aw major poleetical pairties o Nepal culminatit in a peace accord, an the ensuin elections for the constituent assembly votit owerwhelmingly in favor o the abdication o the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah an the establishment o a federal democratic republic in 28 Mey 2008.[14] The first Preses o Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, wis sworn in on 23 Julie 2008.

  • notes

Notes

  1. "Nepal". Ethnologue. Retrieved 24 April 2016. all Regional languages are now considered national language of Nepal 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  3. 2011 Nepal Census Report Archived 18 Apryle 2013[Date mismatch] at the Wayback Machine.
  4. Shrestha, Khadga Man (2005). "Religious Syncretism and Context of Buddhism in Modern Nepal". Voice of History. 20 (1): 51–60. 
  5. "Nepal5". Royalark.net. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Nepal". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  8. . United Nations Development Programme. 2017 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf//. Retrieved 22 March 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. "Nepal". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). UK public library membership required.)
  10. "The World Factbook : Rank order population". CIA. 
  11. Shaha (1992), p. 1.
  12. "CIA Factbook, Nepal, "People" section". Cia.gov. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  13. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human an income poverty, p. 34. Retrieved on 1 Juin 2009
  14. "Nepal's first president sworn in". Radio Australia. 24 July 2008. 
Other Languages
Acèh: Nèpal
адыгабзэ: Непал
Afrikaans: Nepal
Alemannisch: Nepal
አማርኛ: ኔፓል
aragonés: Nepal
Ænglisc: Nepal
العربية: نيبال
مصرى: نيبال
অসমীয়া: নেপাল
asturianu: Nepal
azərbaycanca: Nepal
تۆرکجه: نپال
башҡортса: Непал
Boarisch: Nepal
žemaitėška: Nepals
Bikol Central: Nepal
беларуская: Непал
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нэпал
български: Непал
भोजपुरी: नेपाल
Banjar: Nepal
বাংলা: নেপাল
བོད་ཡིག: བལ་ཡུལ།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নেপাল
brezhoneg: Nepal
bosanski: Nepal
буряад: Балба
català: Nepal
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Nepal
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nepal
нохчийн: Непал
Cebuano: Nepal
کوردی: نیپال
qırımtatarca: Nepal
čeština: Nepál
kaszëbsczi: Nepal
Чӑвашла: Непал
Cymraeg: Nepal
dansk: Nepal
Deutsch: Nepal
Zazaki: Nepal
dolnoserbski: Nepal
डोटेली: नेपाल
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނޭޕާލް
ཇོང་ཁ: བལ་ཡུལ་
Ελληνικά: Νεπάλ
English: Nepal
Esperanto: Nepalo
español: Nepal
eesti: Nepal
euskara: Nepal
estremeñu: Nepal
فارسی: نپال
Fulfulde: Nepal
suomi: Nepal
Võro: Nepal
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Nepal
føroyskt: Nepal
français: Népal
arpetan: Nèpal
Nordfriisk: Nepaal
Frysk: Nepal
Gaeilge: Neipeal
Gagauz: Nepal
Gàidhlig: Neapàl
galego: Nepal
Avañe'ẽ: Nepal
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: नेपाळ
ગુજરાતી: નેપાળ
Gaelg: Nepaal
Hausa: Nepal
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nepal
Hawaiʻi: Nepala
עברית: נפאל
हिन्दी: नेपाल
Fiji Hindi: Nepal
hrvatski: Nepal
hornjoserbsce: Nepal
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nepal
magyar: Nepál
հայերեն: Նեպալ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Նեփալ
interlingua: Nepal
Bahasa Indonesia: Nepal
Interlingue: Nepal
Ilokano: Nepal
Ido: Nepal
íslenska: Nepal
italiano: Nepal
日本語: ネパール
Patois: Nepal
la .lojban.: nepal
Jawa: Népal
ქართული: ნეპალი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Nepal
Kabɩyɛ: Nepaalɩ
Kongo: Nepal
Gĩkũyũ: Nepal
қазақша: Непал
kalaallisut: Nepal
ភាសាខ្មែរ: នេប៉ាល់
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನೇಪಾಳ
한국어: 네팔
къарачай-малкъар: Непал
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: नेपाल
kurdî: Nepal
коми: Непал
kernowek: Nepal
Кыргызча: Непал
Latina: Nepalia
Lëtzebuergesch: Nepal
лезги: Непал
Lingua Franca Nova: Nepal
Luganda: Nepal
Limburgs: Nepal
Ligure: Nepal
lumbaart: Nepal
lingála: Nepáli
لۊری شومالی: نپال
lietuvių: Nepalas
latviešu: Nepāla
मैथिली: नेपाल
Basa Banyumasan: Nepal
Malagasy: Nepal
олык марий: Непал
македонски: Непал
മലയാളം: നേപ്പാൾ
монгол: Балба
मराठी: नेपाळ
Bahasa Melayu: Nepal
Malti: Nepal
Mirandés: Nepal
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နီပေါနိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: نپال
Dorerin Naoero: Nepar
Nāhuatl: Nepal
Plattdüütsch: Nepal
Nedersaksies: Nepal
नेपाली: नेपाल
नेपाल भाषा: नेपाः
Nederlands: Nepal
norsk nynorsk: Nepal
norsk: Nepal
Novial: Nepal
occitan: Nepal
Livvinkarjala: Nepal
Oromoo: Neeppaal
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନେପାଳ
Ирон: Непал
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨੇਪਾਲ
Pangasinan: Nepal
Kapampangan: Nepal
Papiamentu: Nepal
Picard: Népal
पालि: नेपाल
Norfuk / Pitkern: Nepal
polski: Nepal
Piemontèis: Nepal
پنجابی: نیپال
پښتو: نیپال
português: Nepal
Runa Simi: Nipal
română: Nepal
armãneashti: Nepal
русский: Непал
русиньскый: Непал
Kinyarwanda: Nepali
संस्कृतम्: नेपालदेशः
саха тыла: Непал
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ
sicilianu: Nepal
سنڌي: نيپال
davvisámegiella: Nepal
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nepal
සිංහල: නේපාලය
Simple English: Nepal
slovenčina: Nepál
slovenščina: Nepal
Gagana Samoa: Nepal
chiShona: Nepal
Soomaaliga: Nebal
shqip: Nepali
српски / srpski: Непал
SiSwati: INephali
Sunda: Népal
svenska: Nepal
Kiswahili: Nepal
ślůnski: Nepal
தமிழ்: நேபாளம்
తెలుగు: నేపాల్
tetun: Nepál
тоҷикӣ: Непал
Türkmençe: Nepal
Tagalog: Nepal
Tok Pisin: Nepal
Türkçe: Nepal
Xitsonga: Nepal
татарча/tatarça: Непал
chiTumbuka: Nepal
Twi: Nepal
удмурт: Непал
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نېپال
українська: Непал
اردو: نیپال
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nepal
vèneto: Nèpal
vepsän kel’: Nepal
Tiếng Việt: Nepal
Volapük: Nepalän
Winaray: Nepal
Wolof: Nepaal
吴语: 尼泊尔
მარგალური: ნეპალი
ייִדיש: נעפאל
Yorùbá: Nepal
Vahcuengh: Nepal
Zeêuws: Nepal
中文: 尼泊尔
文言: 尼泊爾
Bân-lâm-gú: Nepal
粵語: 尼泊爾
isiZulu: Nepal