Muin

Muin Muin seembol
FullMoon2010.jpg
Full muin as seen frae Yird's Northren Hemisphere
Designations
Adjectives
Orbital chairactereestics
Perigee362600 km
(356400370400 km)
Apogee405400 km
(404000406700 km)
384399 km  (0.00257 AU)[1]
Eccentricity0.0549[1]
27.321661 d
(27 d 7 h 43 min 11.5 s[1])
29.530589 d
(29 d 12 h 44 min 2.9 s)
1.022 km/s
Inclination5.145° tae the ecliptic[2][lower-alpha 1]
Regressin bi ane revolution in 18.61 years
Progressin bi ane revolution in 8.85 years
Satellite oYird[lower-alpha 2][3]
Pheesical chairacteristics
Mean radius
1737.1 km  (0.273 o Yird's)[1][4][5]
Equatorial radius
1738.1 km  (0.273 o Yird's)[4]
Polar radius
1736.0 km  (0.273 o Yird's)[4]
Flettenin0.0012[4]
Circumference10921 km  (equatorial)
3.793×107 km2  (0.074 o Yird's)
Vollum2.1958×1010 km3  (0.020 o Yird's)[4]
Mass7.342×1022 kg  (0.012300 o Yird's)[1][4]
Mean density
3.344 [1][4]
0.606 × Yird
1.62   (0.1654 g)[4]
0.3929±0.0009[6]
2.38 km/s
27.321661 d  (synchronous)
Equatorial rotation velocity
4.627 m/s
Albedo0.136[7]
Surface temp.minmeanmax
Equator100 K220 K390 K
85°N 150 K230 K[8]
Angular diameter
29.3 tae 34.1 arcmeenits[4][lower-alpha 4]
Atmosphere[9]
Surface pressur
Composeetion bi vollum

The Muin is an astronomical bouk that orbits planet Yird, bein Yird's anerly permanent naitural satellite. It is the fift-lairgest naitural satellite in the Solar Seestem, an the lairgest amang planetar satellites relative tae the size o the planet that it orbits (its primar). Follaein Jupiter's satellite Io, the Muin is seicond-densest satellite amang thae whase densities are kent.

The Muin is thocht tae hae formed aboot 4.51 billion years ago, nae lang efter Yird. The maist widely acceptit explanation is that the Muin formed frae the debris left ower efter a giant impact atween Yird an a Maurs-sized bouk cried Theia.

The Muin is in synchronous rotation wi Yird, ayeweys shawin the same face, wi its near side merked bi daurk volcanic maria that fill the spaces atween the bricht auncient crustal hielands an the prominent impact craters. As seen frae the Yird, it is the seicont-brichtest regularly veesible celestial object in Yird's sky, efter the Sun. Its surface is actually daurk, awtho compared tae the nicht sky it appears verra bricht, wi a reflectance juist slichtly heicher nor that o worn asphalt. Its gravitational influence produces the ocean tides, bouk tides, an the slicht lenthenin o the day.

The Muin's current orbital distance is 384,400 km (238,900 mi),[10][11] or 1.28 licht-seiconts. This is aboot thirty times the diameter o Yird, wi its apparent size in the sky awmaist the same as that o the Sun, resultin in the Muin coverin the Sun nearly precisely in tot solar eclipse. This matchin o apparent veesual size will nae conteena in the faur futur, acause the Muin's distance frae Yird is slawly increasin.

The Soviet Union's Luna programme wis the first tae reach the Muin wi uncrewed spacecraft in 1959; the Unitit States' NASA Apollo program achieved the anerly crewed missions tae date, beginnin wi the first crewed lunar orbitin mission bi Apollo 8 in 1968, an sax crewed lunar laundins atween 1969 an 1972, wi the first bein Apollo 11. Thir missions returned lunar rocks that hae been uised tae develop a geological unnerstaundin o the Muin's oreegin, internal structur, an later history. Syne the Apollo 17 mission in 1972, the Muin haes been veesitit anerly bi uncrewed spacecraft.

Athin human cultur, baith the Muin's naitural prominence in the yirdly sky, an its regular cycle o phases as seen frae the Yird hae providit cultural references an influences for human societies an culturs syne time immemorial. Sic cultural influences can be foond in leid, lunar based calendar seestems, airt, an meethologie.

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Амза
Afrikaans: Maan
Alemannisch: Mond
አማርኛ: ጨረቃ
aragonés: Luna
Ænglisc: Mōna
العربية: القمر
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܣܗܪܐ
مصرى: قمر
অসমীয়া: চন্দ্ৰ
asturianu: Lluna
azərbaycanca: Ay
تۆرکجه: آی
башҡортса: Ай (юлдаш)
Boarisch: Mond
žemaitėška: Mienolis
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Месяц (спадарожнік)
български: Луна
भोजपुरी: चंद्रमा
বাংলা: চাঁদ
བོད་ཡིག: ཟླ་བ།
brezhoneg: Loar
буряад: Һара
català: Lluna
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nguŏk-giù
Tsetsêhestâhese: Taa'é-eše'he
کوردی: مانگ
corsu: Luna
qırımtatarca: Ay (kök cismi)
čeština: Měsíc
kaszëbsczi: Miesądz
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Мѣсѧць
Cymraeg: Lleuad
dansk: Månen
Deutsch: Mond
डोटेली: चन्द्रमा
ދިވެހިބަސް: ހަނދު
Ελληνικά: Σελήνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Lónna
English: Moon
Esperanto: Luno
español: Luna
eesti: Kuu
euskara: Ilargia
estremeñu: Luna
فارسی: ماه
Fulfulde: Lewru
suomi: Kuu
Võro: Kuu
føroyskt: Mánin
français: Lune
arpetan: Lena
Nordfriisk: Moune
furlan: Lune
Gaeilge: An Ghealach
贛語: 月光
Gàidhlig: Gealach
galego: Lúa
Avañe'ẽ: Jasy
ગુજરાતી: ચંદ્ર
Gaelg: Yn Eayst
Hausa: Wata
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngie̍t-khiù
Hawaiʻi: Mahina
עברית: הירח
हिन्दी: चन्द्रमा
Fiji Hindi: Chandarma
hrvatski: Mjesec
hornjoserbsce: Měsačk
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lalin
magyar: Hold
հայերեն: Լուսին
interlingua: Luna
Bahasa Indonesia: Bulan
Interlingue: Lune
ꆇꉙ:
Ilokano: Bulan
ГӀалгӀай: Бутт (новкъар)
Ido: Luno
íslenska: Tunglið
italiano: Luna
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᑕᖅᑭᖅ
日本語:
Patois: Muun
la .lojban.: lunra
Basa Jawa: Rembulan
ქართული: მთვარე
Qaraqalpaqsha: Ay
Taqbaylit: Ayyur (itri)
Адыгэбзэ: Мазэ
Kabɩyɛ: Fenaɣ
қазақша: Ай (серік)
kalaallisut: Qaammat
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ព្រះច័ន្ទ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚಂದ್ರ
한국어:
Перем Коми: Тӧлісь
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: ज़ून
Ripoarisch: Moond (Ääd)
kurdî: Heyv
коми: Тӧлысь
kernowek: Loor
Кыргызча: Ай
Latina: Luna
Ladino: Luna
Lëtzebuergesch: Äerdmound
лезги: Варз
Lingua Franca Nova: Luna
Limburgs: Maon
Ligure: Lunn-a
lumbaart: Lüna
lietuvių: Mėnulis
latviešu: Mēness
мокшень: Ков
Malagasy: Volana
македонски: Месечина
മലയാളം: ചന്ദ്രൻ
монгол: Сар
मराठी: चंद्र
Bahasa Melayu: Bulan (satelit)
Malti: Qamar
Mirandés: Luna
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လ (ကမ္ဘာရံဂြိုဟ်)
Dorerin Naoero: Maraman
Nāhuatl: Metztli
Napulitano: Luna
Plattdüütsch: Maand (Eer)
Nedersaksies: Maone (eerde)
नेपाली: चन्द्रमा
नेपाल भाषा: तिमिला
Nederlands: Maan
norsk nynorsk: Månen
norsk: Månen
Novial: Lune
Nouormand: Leune
Diné bizaad: Ooljééʼ
occitan: Luna
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜହ୍ନ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚੰਦਰਮਾ
Kapampangan: Bulan
polski: Księżyc
Piemontèis: Lun-a
پنجابی: چن
Ποντιακά: Φέγγος
پښتو: سپوږمۍ
português: Lua
Runa Simi: Killa
rumantsch: Glina
română: Luna
armãneashti: Lunâ
русский: Луна
русиньскый: Місяць (сателіт)
संस्कृतम्: चन्द्रः
саха тыла: Ый
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱧᱤᱫᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ
sardu: Luna
sicilianu: Luna
سنڌي: چنڊ
davvisámegiella: Mánnu
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mjesec
Simple English: Moon
slovenčina: Mesiac
slovenščina: Luna
Soomaaliga: Bil
shqip: Hëna
српски / srpski: Месец
Seeltersk: Moune
Basa Sunda: Bulan (satelit)
svenska: Månen
Kiswahili: Mwezi
ślůnski: Mjeśůnczek
தமிழ்: நிலா
ತುಳು: ಚಂದ್ರೆ
తెలుగు: చంద్రుడు
тоҷикӣ: Моҳтоб
Türkmençe: Aý (hemra)
Türkçe: Ay
татарча/tatarça: Ай (иярчен)
тыва дыл: Ай
українська: Місяць (супутник)
اردو: چاند
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oy
vèneto: Łuna
vepsän kel’: Kudmaine
Tiếng Việt: Mặt Trăng
West-Vlams: Moane
Volapük: Mun
walon: Lune
吴语: 月球
მარგალური: თუთა (ალმაშარე)
ייִדיש: לבנה
Yorùbá: Òṣùpá
Vahcuengh: Ronghndwen
Zeêuws: Maen (Aerde)
中文: 月球
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú: Goe̍h-niû
粵語: 月光
isiZulu: Inyanga