Portrait o Jacques Cartier bi Théophile Hamel, ca. 1844. No contemporary portraits o Cartier are kent.
|Born||December 31, 1491|
St. Malo, Brittany
|Died||September 1, 1557 (aged 65)|
St. Malo, Fraunce
|Thrift||French navigator an splorer|
|Kent for||First European to travel inland in North Americae. Claimed Canadae for Fraunce.|
Jacques Cartier (31 December, 1491 – 1 September, 1557) wis a French traider an splorer that is thocht o as ane o the major discoverers o Canadae, or mair speceificlie, the inner eastren region that wad acome the foremaist European-settlt pairt o that kintra.
He wis frae Saint-Malo, Fraunce, born in the year 1491 tae a weel-respeckit faimlie o marinars. He bettered his social status in 1520 bi mairryin Catherine des Granches, member o a leadin gailley-ainin faimlie. His guid name in Saint-Malo is recognisit bi its monie appearances in baptismal registers as godfaither or witness.
Nae contemporary picter o Jacques Cartier haes been funnd an the best kent picter (see richt) wis pentit bi a Roushian airtist in 1839 for the ceity o Saunt-Malo.
Gey little is kent o Cartier's chairacter or personality but his professional abeilities can be eithly jaloused conseiderin that Cartier led three vaiges o discovery in nae mowes an hithertil unco watters athoot losin a gailey, that he entered intil an depairtit fae fiftie undiscovered herbours athoot sairious mishanter, an that the anerly seefairmen o his that deid wis victims o an epidemic ashore. Tharefor he micht be conseidered ane o the maist conscientious splorers o the time.
Jacques Cartier wis the first European tae descrive an cairt the Gulf o Saunt Lawrence an the shores o the Saunt Lawrence River, whilk he named "The Kintra o Canadas", efter the Iroquois names for the twa big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec Ceety) an at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).