State o Illinois
Banner o IllinoisState seal o Illinois
Nickname(s): Laund o Lincoln; The Prairie State
Motto(s): State sovereignty, naitional union
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Illinois heichlichtit
Offeecial leidInglis[1]
Spoken leidsInglis (80.8%)
Spaingie (14.9%)
Ither (5.1%)
Lairgest ceety Chicago
Lairgest metroChicago metropolitan aurie
AurieRanked 25t
 • Tot57,914 sq mi
(149,932 km2)
 • Width210 miles (338 km)
 • Lenth390 miles (628 km)
 • % watter3.99
 • Latitude36° 58′ N tae 42° 30′ N
 • Longitude87° 30′ W tae 91° 31′ W
PopulationRanked 6t
 • Tot12,801,539 (2016 est)[2]
 • Density232/sq mi  (89.4/km2)
Ranked 12t
 • Median hoosehauld income$60,413[3] (19t)
 • Heichest pyntCharles Mound[4][5][6]
1,235 ft (376.4 m)
 • Mean600 ft  (180 m)
 • Lawest pyntConfluence o Mississippi River an Ohio River[5][6]
280 ft (85 m)
Afore statehuidIllinois Territory
Admission to UnionDecember 3, 1818 (21st)
GovrenorBruce Rauner (R)
Lieutenant GovernorEvelyn Sanguinetti (R)
LegislaturGeneral Assembly
 • Upper hooseSenate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
U.S. SenatorsDick Durbin (D)
Tammy Duckworth (D)
U.S. Hoose delegation11 Democrats, 7 Republicans (leet)
Time zoneCentral: UTC -6/-5
AbbreviationsIL, Ill.

Illinois is a state in the Midwastren region o the Unitit States. It is the 6t-maist populous U.S. state an 25t-lairgest state in terms o laund aurie, an is eften notit as a microcosm o the entire Unitit States.[7] Wi Chicago in the northeast, smaw industrial ceeties an great agricultural productivity in northren an central Illinois, an naitural resoorces sic as coal, timmer, an petroleum in the sooth, Illinois haes a diverse economic base, an is a major transportation hub. The Port o Chicago connects the state tae ither global ports aroond the warld frae the Great Lakes, via the Saunt Lawrence Seaway, tae the Atlantic Ocean; as werl as the Great Lochs tae the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Watterwey on the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, an the Wabash River form pairts o the boondaries o Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare Internaitional Airport haes been rankit as ane o the warld's busiest airports. Illinois haes lang haed a reputation as a bellwether baith in social an cultural terms[7] an politics.

The caipital o Illinois is Springfield in central Illinois. Awtho the day, the state's lairgest population centre is in an aroond Chicago in the northeastren pairt o the state, the state's European population grew first in the wast, wi French that settled alang the Mississippi River, an gae the aurie the name Kintra. Efter the American Revolutionary War established the Unitit States, American settlers begoud arrivin frae Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, an the population grew frae sooth tae north. In 1818, Illinois achieved stateheid. Efter construction o the Erie Canal increased traffeck an tred throu the Great Lochs, Chicago wis foondit in the 1830s on the banks o the Chicago River, at ane o the few naitural herbours on soothren Loch Michigan.[8] John Deere's invention o the sel-scourin steel pleuch turned Illinois's rich prairie intae some o the warld's maist productive an vailuable fermland, attractin immigrant fermers frae Germany an Swaden. The Illinois an Michigan Canal (1848) made transportation atween the Great Lochs an the Mississippi River valley faster an cheaper. New railweys cairied immigrants tae new hames, as weel as bein uised tae ship commodity craps tae Eastren mercats. The state becam a transportation hub for the naition.[9]

Bi 1900, the growthe o industrial jobs in the northren ceeties an coal minin in the central an soothren auries attractit immigrants frae Eastren an Soothren Europe. Illinois wis an important manufacturin centre in baith warld wars. The Great Migration frae the Sooth established a lairge commonty o African Americans in the state, includin Chicago, that creautit the ceety's famous jazz an blues culturs.[10][11] Chicago, the centre o the Chicago Metropolitan Aurie, becam a global alpha-level ceety.

Three U.S. preses hae been electit while leevin in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, an Barack Obama. Addeetionally, Ronald Reagan, that's poleetical career wis based in Californie, wis born an raised in Illinois. The day, Illinois honours Lincoln wi its offeecial state slogan, Land of Lincoln, that haes been displayed on its nummer plates syne 1954.[12][13] The state is the steid o the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Leebrar an Museum, locatit in the state caipital o Springfield, an futur hame o the Barack Obama Presidential Centre in Chicago.


  1. "(5 ILCS 460/20) (from Ch. 1, par. 2901‑20) State Designations Act". Illinois Compiled Statutes. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois General Assembly. September 4, 1991. Retrieved April 10, 2009. Sec. 20. Official language. The official language of the State of Illinois is English. 
  2. Utah is Nation’s Fastest-Growing State, Census Bureau Reports
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  4. "Charles". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". the oreeginal on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjuisted tae North American Vertical Datum o 1988.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ohlemacher, Stephen (May 17, 2007). "Analysis ranks Illinois most average state". Carbondale, Illinois: The Southern Illinoisan. Associated Press. Retrieved April 10, 2009. 
  8. [1]
  9. Ryburn-LaMonte, Terri (1999). "The Historical Development of Transportation in Illinois". Illinois Periodicals Online. 
  10. "Jazz". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  11. "Blues". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  12. "The History of Illinois License Plates". Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  13. "Slogan". Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
Other Languages
Acèh: Illinois
Afrikaans: Illinois
አማርኛ: ኢሊኖይ
aragonés: Illinois
Ænglisc: Illinois
العربية: إلينوي
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܠܝܢܘܝ
مصرى: ايلينوى
asturianu: Illinois
Aymar aru: Illinois suyu
azərbaycanca: İllinoys
башҡортса: Иллинойс
Boarisch: Illinois
žemaitėška: Ėlėnuojos
Bikol Central: Illinois
беларуская: Ілінойс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Іліной
български: Илинойс
भोजपुरी: इलिनोइ
Bislama: Illinois
বাংলা: ইলিনয়
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ইলিনয়স
brezhoneg: Illinois
bosanski: Illinois
буряад: Иллинойс
català: Illinois
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Illinois
нохчийн: Иллинойс
Cebuano: Illinois
کوردی: ئیلینۆی
corsu: Illinois
čeština: Illinois
Cymraeg: Illinois
dansk: Illinois
Deutsch: Illinois
Zazaki: Illinois
Ελληνικά: Ιλινόι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Illinòis
English: Illinois
Esperanto: Ilinojso
español: Illinois
eesti: Illinois
euskara: Illinois
فارسی: ایلینوی
suomi: Illinois
føroyskt: Illinois
français: Illinois
arpetan: Ilinouès
Nordfriisk: Illinois
Gaeilge: Illinois
Gagauz: İllinois
Gàidhlig: Illinois
galego: Illinois
Avañe'ẽ: Illinois
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌹𐌻𐌻𐌹𐌽𐍅𐌰
Gaelg: Illinois
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Illinois
Hawaiʻi: ‘Ilinoe
עברית: אילינוי
हिन्दी: इलिनॉय
Fiji Hindi: Illinois
hrvatski: Illinois
hornjoserbsce: Illinois
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ilinwa
magyar: Illinois
հայերեն: Իլինոյս
interlingua: Illinois
Bahasa Indonesia: Illinois
Interlingue: Illinois
Igbo: Ilinoi
Iñupiak: Illinois
Ilokano: Illinois
íslenska: Illinois
italiano: Illinois
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐄᓚᓄᐃᔅ
日本語: イリノイ州
Basa Jawa: Illinois
ქართული: ილინოისი
Taqbaylit: Illinois
Kabɩyɛ: Ilnuwaa
қазақша: Иллинойс
한국어: 일리노이주
kurdî: Illinois
kernowek: Illinois
Кыргызча: Иллинойс
Latina: Illinoesia
Ladino: Illinois
Lëtzebuergesch: Illinois
Lingua Franca Nova: Illinois
Limburgs: Illinois
Ligure: Illinois
lumbaart: Illinois
لۊری شومالی: ایلینوی
lietuvių: Ilinojus
latviešu: Ilinoisa
मैथिली: इलिनोइ
Malagasy: Illinois
олык марий: Иллинойс
Māori: Illinois
македонски: Илиноис
മലയാളം: ഇല്ലിനോയി
монгол: Иллиной
मराठी: इलिनॉय
кырык мары: Иллинойс (штат)
Bahasa Melayu: Illinois
مازِرونی: ایلینویز
Dorerin Naoero: Illinois
Plattdüütsch: Illinois
Nedersaksies: Illinois (stoat)
नेपाली: इलिनोइ
नेपाल भाषा: इलिनोइ
Nederlands: Illinois (staat)
norsk nynorsk: Illinois
norsk: Illinois
Novial: Illinois
occitan: Illinois
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਲੀਨਾਏ
Pangasinan: Illinois
Kapampangan: Illinois
Papiamentu: Illinois
Deitsch: Illinois
पालि: इलिनोइ
polski: Illinois
Piemontèis: Illinois
پنجابی: الینوۓ
português: Illinois
Runa Simi: Illinois suyu
rumantsch: Illinois
română: Illinois
русский: Иллинойс
संस्कृतम्: इलेनॉइस्
саха тыла: Иллинойс
sardu: Illinois
sicilianu: Illinois
davvisámegiella: Illinois
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Illinois
සිංහල: ඉලනෝයි
Simple English: Illinois
slovenčina: Illinois
slovenščina: Illinois
Soomaaliga: Illinois
shqip: Illinois
српски / srpski: Илиноис
Seeltersk: Illinois
svenska: Illinois
Kiswahili: Illinois
ślůnski: Illinois
தமிழ்: இலினொய்
тоҷикӣ: Иллинойс
Tagalog: Illinois
Türkçe: Illinois
татарча/tatarça: Иллинойс (штат)
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Illinoyiz Shitati
українська: Іллінойс
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Illinoys
vèneto: Illinois
Tiếng Việt: Illinois
Volapük: Illinois
walon: Ilinwès
Winaray: Illinois
хальмг: Иллинойс
მარგალური: ილინოისი
ייִדיש: אילינוי
Yorùbá: Illinois
文言: 伊利諾州
Bân-lâm-gú: Illinois
粵語: 伊利諾州