Bird

Birds
Bird Diversity 2013.png
A composite image shawin the diversity o birds; 18 biological orders are depictit in this image (frae tap, left tae richt): Cuculiformes, Ciconiiformes, Phaethontiformes, Accipitriformes, Gruiformes, Galliformes, Anseriformes, Trochiliformes, Charadriiformes, Casuariiformes, Psittaciformes, Phoenicopteriformes, Sphenisciformes, Pelecaniformes, Suliformes, Coraciiformes, Strigiformes, Piciformes.
Scienteefic clessification e
Kinrick:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Supercless:Tetrapoda
Clade:Eumaniraptora
Clade:Avialae
Gauthier, 1986
Cless:Aves
Linnaeus, 1758[1]
Subclasses
  • Archaeornithes *
  • Enantiornithes
  • Hesperornithes
  • Ichthyornithes
  • Neornithes

An see text

Birds (Aves) are a group o' endothermic vertebrates, characterised bi feathers, tuithless beaked jaws, th' layin o' haurd-shelled eggs, a heich metabolic rate, a fower-chambered hert, 'n' a lightweight bit pure tough skelet. Birds bide warldwide 'n' range in size fae th' 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird tae th' 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich. Thay rank as th' cless o' tetrapods wi' th' maist livin species, at aboot ten thoosand, wi' mair nor hauf o' thae bein' passerines, whiles kent as perching birds or, less accurately, as songbirds.

The fossil record indicates that birds ur th' lest surviving dinosaurs, termed avian dinosaurs, huvin evolved fae feathered ancestors wi`in th' theropod group o' saurischian dinosaurs. True birds foremaist appeared while th' cretaceous period, aroond 100 million years ago.[3] dna-based cum stain finds that birds diversified dramatically aroond th' time o' th' cretaceous–paleogene extinction event that murdurred aff a' ither dinosaurs. Birds in sooth america survived this event 'n' then migrated tae ither bits o' th' warld via multiple land brigs while diversifying while periods o' global cooling.[4] primitive bird-lik dinosaurs that lie ootdoors cless aves proper, in th' broader group avialae, hae bin fun datin back tae th' mid-jurassic period.[1] mony o' thae earlie "stem-birds", sic as archaeopteryx, wur nae yit capable o' fully powered flight, 'n' mony retained primitive characteristics lik' toothy jaws in steid o' beaks, 'n' lang bony tails.[1][5]

Birds hae wings whilk ur mair or less made dependin oan th' species; th' ainlie kent groups wi'oot wings ur th' extinct moas 'n' elephant birds. Wings, whilk evolved fae forelimbs, gie maist birds th' ability tae flee, althoogh further speciation haes led tae some flightless birds, anaw ratites, penguins, 'n' diverse endemic island species o' birds. Th' digestive 'n' respiratory seestems o' birds ur an' a' uniquely adapted fur flight. Some doo species o' aquatic environments, parteecularly th' aforementioned flightless penguins, 'n' an' a' members o' th' duck fowk, hae an' a' evolved fur soummin`. Birds, specifically darwin's finches, played an important pairt in th' inception o' darwin's theory o' evolution bi naitural selection.

Some birds, especially corvids 'n' parrots, ur amang th' maist intelligent ainimals; loads doo species mak' 'n' uise tuils, 'n' mony social species bygae oan knowledge o'er generations, whilk is considered a form o' culchur. Mony species annually migrate stoatin distances. Birds ur social, communicating wi' visual signals, calls, 'n' doo sangs, 'n' pairteecipatin in sic social behaviours as cooperative breedin 'n' huntin, flocking, 'n' mobbing o' predators. Th' vast maist folk o' doo species ur socially monogamous, forordinar fur yin breedin seezin at a time, whiles fur years, bit seendle fur lee. Ither species hae polygynous ("many females") or, seendle, polyandrous ("many males") breedin seestems. Birds produce affspring bi laying eggs whilk ur fertilized thro' sexual reproduction. Thay're forordinar leid in a nest 'n' incubated bi th' parents. Maist birds hae an extendit period o' parental care efter hatching. Some birds, sic as hens, lay eggs even whin nae fertilized, tho unfertilized eggs dae nae produce affspring.

Mony species o' birds ur economically important. Domesticatit 'n' undomesticated birds (poultry 'n' gemme) ur important soorces o' eggs, bridie, 'n' feathers. Songbirds, parrots, 'n' ither species ur weel-kent as pets. Guano (bird excrement) is harvested fur uise as a fertilizer. Birds prominently figure throo'oot human culchur. Aboot 120–130 species hae acome extinct due tae human activity sin th' 17t hunner years, 'n' hunders mair afore then. Human activity threatens aboot 1,200 doo species wi' extinction, tho efforts ur underway tae pertect thaim. Recreational birdwatching is an important pairt o' th' ecotourism industry.

  • references

References

  1. Brands, Sheila (14 August 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Class Aves". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 


Other Languages
Acèh: Cicém
адыгабзэ: Бзыу
Afrikaans: Voël
Alemannisch: Vögel
አማርኛ: ወፍ
aragonés: Aves
Ænglisc: Fugol
العربية: طائر
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܛܝܪܐ
مصرى: طير
অসমীয়া: চৰাই
asturianu: Páxaru
авар: ХӀинчӀ
Aymar aru: Jamach'i
azərbaycanca: Quşlar
تۆرکجه: قوش
башҡортса: Ҡоштар
Boarisch: Vegl
žemaitėška: Paukštē
Bikol Central: Gamgam
беларуская: Птушкі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Птушкі
български: Птици
भोजपुरी: चिरई
Bislama: Pijin
Bahasa Banjar: Burung
বাংলা: পাখি
བོད་ཡིག: བྱ།
brezhoneg: Evn
bosanski: Ptice
буряад: Шубуун
català: Ocells
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Cēu
нохчийн: Олхазарш
Cebuano: Langgam
Tsetsêhestâhese: Ve'kese
کوردی: مەل
čeština: Ptáci
kaszëbsczi: Ptôchë
Cymraeg: Aderyn
dansk: Fugle
Deutsch: Vögel
Zazaki: Mıriçıki
dolnoserbski: Ptaški
Ελληνικά: Πτηνά
English: Bird
Esperanto: Birdoj
español: Aves
eesti: Linnud
euskara: Hegazti
فارسی: پرنده
suomi: Linnut
Võro: Tsirk
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Manumanu vuka
føroyskt: Fuglur
français: Oiseau
arpetan: Usél
Nordfriisk: Fögler
Frysk: Fûgels
Gaeilge: Éan
贛語: 雀仔
Gàidhlig: Eun
galego: Aves
Avañe'ẽ: Guyra
ગુજરાતી: પક્ષી
Gaelg: Ushag
Hausa: Tsuntsu
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tiâu
עברית: עופות
हिन्दी: पक्षी
Fiji Hindi: Chirriya
hrvatski: Ptice
hornjoserbsce: Ptaki
Kreyòl ayisyen: Zwazo
magyar: Madarak
Հայերեն: Թռչուններ
interlingua: Aves
Bahasa Indonesia: Burung
Ilokano: Billit
ГӀалгӀай: Оалхазараш
Ido: Ucelo
íslenska: Fugl
italiano: Aves
日本語: 鳥類
Patois: Bod
la .lojban.: lo cipni
Basa Jawa: Manuk
ქართული: ფრინველები
Taqbaylit: Afrux
Адыгэбзэ: Къуалэбзухэр
Kabɩyɛ: Sumaɣ
қазақша: Құстар
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បក្សី
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪಕ್ಷಿ
한국어:
Перем Коми: Кайез
kurdî: Balinde
kernowek: Edhen
Кыргызча: Куш
Latina: Aves
Ladino: Pasharos
Lëtzebuergesch: Vullen
лакку: Лелуххи
лезги: НуькI
Lingua Franca Nova: Avia
Limburgs: Veugel
Ligure: Aves
lingála: Ndɛkɛ
lietuvių: Paukščiai
latgaļu: Putni
latviešu: Putni
мокшень: Нармонь
Malagasy: Vorona
олык марий: Кайык
Baso Minangkabau: Buruang
македонски: Птици
മലയാളം: പക്ഷി
монгол: Шувуу
मराठी: पक्षी
кырык мары: Кек
Bahasa Melayu: Burung
Malti: Għasfur
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ငှက်
эрзянь: Нармунть
Nāhuatl: Tototl
Napulitano: Auciello
Plattdüütsch: Vagels
Nedersaksies: Voegel
नेपाली: चरा
नेपाल भाषा: झंगः
Nederlands: Vogels
norsk nynorsk: Fuglar
norsk: Fugler
Nouormand: Ouaîsé
Diné bizaad: Tsídii
occitan: Ausèl
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପକ୍ଷୀ
Ирон: Мæргътæ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੰਛੀ
Kapampangan: Ayup
Picard: Oizo
Deitsch: Voggel
polski: Ptaki
پنجابی: پنچھی
پښتو: مرغه
português: Aves
Runa Simi: Pisqu
rumantsch: Utschels
română: Pasăre
armãneashti: Puľiu
русский: Птицы
русиньскый: Птахы
संस्कृतम्: पक्षिणः
саха тыла: Көтөрдөр
sardu: Aves
sicilianu: Aceddu
سنڌي: پکي
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ptica
සිංහල: කුරුල්ලෝ
Simple English: Bird
slovenčina: Vtáky
slovenščina: Ptiči
chiShona: Shiri
Soomaaliga: Shimbir
shqip: Zogjtë
српски / srpski: Птице
SiSwati: Tinyoni
Seeltersk: Fuugele
Basa Sunda: Manuk
svenska: Fåglar
Kiswahili: Ndege (mnyama)
ślůnski: Ptoki
தமிழ்: பறவை
ತುಳು: ಪಕ್ಕಿ
తెలుగు: పక్షి
тоҷикӣ: Паранда
Tagalog: Ibon
Türkçe: Kuş
татарча/tatarça: Кошлар
chiTumbuka: Viyuni
удмурт: Тылобурдо
українська: Птахи
اردو: پرندہ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qushlar
vèneto: Oxei
vepsän kel’: Lindud
Tiếng Việt: Chim
West-Vlams: Veugel
walon: Oujhea
Winaray: Tamsi
吴语:
хальмг: Шовуд
isiXhosa: Yentaka
მარგალური: მაფურინჯეეფი
ייִדיש: פויגל
Yorùbá: Ẹyẹ
Vahcuengh: Duzroeg
Zeêuws: Veugels
中文:
Bân-lâm-gú: Chiáu
粵語: